Reduced Risk-Taking following Disruption of the Intraparietal Sulcus.

Published

Journal Article

Decision makers frequently encounter opportunities to pursue great gains-assuming they are willing to accept greater risks. Previous neuroimaging studies have shown that activity in the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and the inferior frontal junction (IFJ) are associated with individual preferences for economic risk ("known unknowns," e.g., a 50% chance of winning $5) and ambiguity ("unknown unknowns," e.g., an unknown chance of winning $5), respectively. Whether processing in these regions causally enables risk-taking for individual decisions, however, remains unknown. To examine this question, we assessed the decision to engage in risk-taking after disrupting neural processing in the IPS and IFJ of healthy human participants using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. While stimulation of the IFJ resulted in general slowing of decision times, disrupting neural processing within the IPS selectively suppressed risk-taking, biasing choices toward certain options featuring both lower risks and lower expected rewards. Our results are the first to demonstrate the necessity of intact IPS function for choosing uncertain outcomes when faced with calculable risks and rewards. Engagement of IPS during decision making may support a willingness to accept uncertain outcomes for a chance to obtain greater gains.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Coutlee, CG; Kiyonaga, A; Korb, FM; Huettel, SA; Egner, T

Published Date

  • January 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 /

Start / End Page

  • 588 -

PubMed ID

  • 28066171

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28066171

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1662-453X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1662-4548

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3389/fnins.2016.00588

Language

  • eng