A Fluorescent Hsp90 Probe Demonstrates the Unique Association between Extracellular Hsp90 and Malignancy in Vivo.

Published

Journal Article

Extracellular expression of heat shock protein 90 (eHsp90) by tumor cells is correlated with malignancy. Development of small molecule probes that can detect eHsp90 in vivo may therefore have utility in the early detection of malignancy. We synthesized a cell impermeable far-red fluorophore-tagged Hsp90 inhibitor to target eHsp90 in vivo. High resolution confocal and lattice light sheet microscopy show that probe-bound eHsp90 accumulates in punctate structures on the plasma membrane of breast tumor cells and is actively internalized. The extent of internalization correlates with tumor cell aggressiveness, and this process can be induced in benign cells by overexpressing p110HER2. Whole body cryoslicing, imaging, and histology of flank and spontaneous tumor-bearing mice strongly suggests that eHsp90 expression and internalization is a phenomenon unique to tumor cells in vivo and may provide an "Achilles heel" for the early diagnosis of metastatic disease and targeted drug delivery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Crowe, LB; Hughes, PF; Alcorta, DA; Osada, T; Smith, AP; Totzke, J; Loiselle, DR; Lutz, ID; Gargesha, M; Roy, D; Roques, J; Darr, D; Lyerly, HK; Spector, NL; Haystead, TAJ

Published Date

  • April 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1047 - 1055

PubMed ID

  • 28103010

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28103010

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1554-8937

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1554-8929

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acschembio.7b00006

Language

  • eng