Mineralized gelatin methacrylate-based matrices induce osteogenic differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells.

Published

Journal Article

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) are a promising cell source with pluripotency and self-renewal properties. Design of simple and robust biomaterials with an innate ability to induce lineage-specificity of hiPSC is desirable to realize their application in regenerative medicine. In this study, the potential of biomaterials containing calcium phosphate minerals to induce osteogenic differentiation of hiPSC was investigated. hiPSC cultured using mineralized gelatin methacrylate-based matrices underwent osteogenic differentiation ex vivo, in both two-dimensional and three-dimensional cultures, in growth medium devoid of any osteogenic-inducing chemical components or growth factors. The findings that osteogenic differentiation of hiPSC can be achieved through biomaterial-based cues alone present new avenues for personalized regenerative medicine. Such biomaterials that could not only act as structural scaffolds, but could also provide tissue-specific functions such as directing stem cell differentiation commitment, have great potential in bone tissue engineering.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kang, H; Shih, Y-RV; Hwang, Y; Wen, C; Rao, V; Seo, T; Varghese, S

Published Date

  • December 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 4961 - 4970

PubMed ID

  • 25153779

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25153779

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-7568

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.actbio.2014.08.010

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England