A phase space model of Fourier ptychographic microscopy.

Published

Journal Article

A new computational imaging technique, termed Fourier ptychographic microscopy (FPM), uses a sequence of low-resolution images captured under varied illumination to iteratively converge upon a high-resolution complex sample estimate. Here, we propose a mathematical model of FPM that explicitly connects its operation to conventional ptychography, a common procedure applied to electron and X-ray diffractive imaging. Our mathematical framework demonstrates that under ideal illumination conditions, conventional ptychography and FPM both produce datasets that are mathematically linked by a linear transformation. We hope this finding encourages the future cross-pollination of ideas between two otherwise unconnected experimental imaging procedures. In addition, the coherence state of the illumination source used by each imaging platform is critical to successful operation, yet currently not well understood. We apply our mathematical framework to demonstrate that partial coherence uniquely alters both conventional ptychography's and FPM's captured data, but up to a certain threshold can still lead to accurate resolution-enhanced imaging through appropriate computational post-processing. We verify this theoretical finding through simulation and experiment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Horstmeyer, R; Yang, C

Published Date

  • January 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 338 - 358

PubMed ID

  • 24514995

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24514995

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1094-4087

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1094-4087

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1364/OE.22.000338

Language

  • eng