15N, 13C and 1H resonance assignments of FKBP12 proteins from the pathogenic fungi Mucor circinelloides and Aspergillus fumigatus.
Invasive fungal infections are a leading cause of death in immunocompromised patients and remain difficult to treat since fungal pathogens, like mammals, are eukaryotes and share many orthologous proteins. As a result, current antifungal drugs have limited clinical value, are sometimes toxic, can adversely affect human reaction pathways and are increasingly ineffective due to emerging resistance. One potential antifungal drug, FK506, establishes a ternary complex between the phosphatase, calcineurin, and the 12-kDa peptidyl-prolyl isomerase FK506-binding protein, FKBP12. It has been well established that calcineurin, highly conserved from yeast to mammals, is necessary for invasive fungal disease and is inhibited when in complex with FK506/FKBP12. Unfortunately, FK506 is also immunosuppressive in humans, precluding its usage as an antifungal drug, especially in immunocompromised patients. Whereas the homology between human and fungal calcineurin proteins is > 80%, the human and fungal FKBP12s share 48-58% sequence identity, making them more amenable candidates for drug targeting efforts. Here we report the backbone and sidechain NMR assignments of recombinant FKBP12 proteins from the pathogenic fungi Mucor circinelloides and Aspergillus fumigatus in the apo form and compare these to the backbone assignments of the FK506 bound form. In addition, we report the backbone assignments of the apo and FK506 bound forms of the Homo sapiens FKBP12 protein for evaluation against the fungal forms. These data are the first steps towards defining, at a residue specific level, the impacts of FK506 binding to fungal and mammalian FKBP12 proteins. Our data highlight differences between the human and fungal FKBP12s that could lead to the design of more selective anti-fungal drugs.
Gobeil, SMC; Bobay, BG; Spicer, LD; Venters, RA
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