Relative Sarcopenia With Excess Adiposity Predicts Survival After Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Creation.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of relative sarcopenia with excess adiposity on mortality after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation. MATERIALS AND METHODS. In this single-institution retrospective study, patients underwent abdominal CT scans within 100 days before or 30 days after TIPS creation. Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue and muscle were segmented at the L3 vertebral level. Relative sarcopenia with excess adiposity was defined as the lowest sex-specific quartile of muscle area divided by muscle plus adipose. Dates of death, liver transplantation, TIPS occlusion, and hepatic encephalopathy (HE) after TIPS creation were identified. Mortality was evaluated using competing risks survival analysis. Number of HE episodes and time to first episode were analyzed using negative binomial regression and competing risks survival analysis, respectively. RESULTS. A total of 141 patients (91 men; mean age, 56 years) were included in this study. In univariate analyses, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score (hazard ratio [HR], 1.09 per point; CI, 1.05-1.13; p < 0.001) and relative sarcopenia with excess adiposity (HR, 2.70; CI, 1.55-4.69; p < 0.001) were significant risk factors for shorter survival after TIPS. In multivariate analysis, both MELD score (HR, 1.09; CI, 1.03-1.15; p = 0.003) and relative sarcopenia with excess adiposity (HR, 2.65; CI, 1.56-4.51; p < 0.001) were significant predictors of worse survival. The C-index at 30 days was 0.71 for MELD score, 0.72 for relative sarcopenia with excess adiposity, and 0.80 for a model including both. There was no association between relative sarcopenia with excess adiposity and number of HE episodes (incidence rate ratio, 1.08; CI, 0.49-2.40; p = 0.84) or time to first HE episode (HR, 0.89; CI, 0.51-1.54; p = 0.67). CONCLUSION. Relative sarcopenia with excess adiposity is a risk factor for mortality after TIPS and contributes additional prognostic information beyond MELD score.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ronald, J; Bozdogan, E; Zaki, IH; Kappus, MR; Choi, SS; Martin, JG; Suhocki, PV; Smith, TP; Kim, CY; Bashir, MR

Published Date

  • January 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 214 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 200 - 205

PubMed ID

  • 31670594

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1546-3141

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2214/AJR.19.21655

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States