Continuous deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus may not modulate beta bursts in patients with Parkinson's disease.
BACKGROUND: Neural oscillations represent synchronous neuronal activation and are ubiquitous throughout the brain. Oscillatory activity often includes brief high-amplitude bursts in addition to background oscillations, and burst activity may predict performance on working memory, motor, and comprehension tasks. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated beta burst activity as a possible biomarker for motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). The relationship between beta amplitude dynamics and motor symptoms is critical for adaptive DBS for treatment of PD. METHODS: We applied threshold-based and support vector machine (SVM) analyses of burst parameters to a defined on/off oscillator and to intraoperative recordings of local field potentials from the subthalamic nucleus of 16 awake patients with PD. RESULTS: Filtering and time-frequency analysis techniques critically influenced the accuracy of identifying burst activity. Threshold-based analysis lead to biased results in the presence of changes in long-term beta amplitude and accurate quantification of bursts with thresholds required unknowable a priori knowledge of the time in bursts. We therefore implemented an SVM analysis, and we did not observe changes in burst fraction, rate, or duration with the application of cDBS in the participant data, even though SVM analysis was able to correctly identify bursts of the defined on/off oscillator. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that cDBS of the STN may not change beta burst activity. Additionally, threshold-based analysis can bias the fraction of time spent in bursts. Improved analysis strategies for continuous and adaptive DBS may achieve improved symptom control and reduce side-effects.
Schmidt, SL; Peters, JJ; Turner, DA; Grill, WM
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