Mapping disparities in education across low- and middle-income countries.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Educational attainment is an important social determinant of maternal, newborn, and child health1-3. As a tool for promoting gender equity, it has gained increasing traction in popular media, international aid strategies, and global agenda-setting4-6. The global health agenda is increasingly focused on evidence of precision public health, which illustrates the subnational distribution of disease and illness7,8; however, an agenda focused on future equity must integrate comparable evidence on the distribution of social determinants of health9-11. Here we expand on the available precision SDG evidence by estimating the subnational distribution of educational attainment, including the proportions of individuals who have completed key levels of schooling, across all low- and middle-income countries from 2000 to 2017. Previous analyses have focused on geographical disparities in average attainment across Africa or for specific countries, but-to our knowledge-no analysis has examined the subnational proportions of individuals who completed specific levels of education across all low- and middle-income countries12-14. By geolocating subnational data for more than 184 million person-years across 528 data sources, we precisely identify inequalities across geography as well as within populations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Local Burden of Disease Educational Attainment Collaborators,

Published Date

  • January 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 577 / 7789

Start / End Page

  • 235 - 238

PubMed ID

  • 31875853

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7015853

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-4687

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41586-019-1872-1


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England