TASK-1 and TASK-3 channels modulate pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling and dysfunction.
Tandem pore domain acid-sensitive K+ (TASK) channels are present in cardiac tissue; however, their contribution to cardiac pathophysiology is not well understood. Here, we investigate the role of TASK-1 and TASK-3 in the pathogenesis of cardiac dysfunction using both human tissue and mouse models of genetic TASK channel loss of function. Compared with normal human cardiac tissue, TASK-1 gene expression is reduced in association with either cardiac hypertrophy alone or combined cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. In a pressure overload cardiomyopathy model, TASK-1 global knockout (TASK-1 KO) mice have both reduced cardiac hypertrophy and preserved cardiac function compared with wild-type mice. In contrast to the TASK-1 KO mouse pressure overload response, TASK-3 global knockout (TASK-3 KO) mice develop cardiac hypertrophy and a delayed onset of cardiac dysfunction compared with wild-type mice. The cardioprotective effects observed in TASK-1 KO mice are associated with pressure overload-induced augmentation of AKT phosphorylation and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) expression, with consequent augmentation of cardiac energetics and fatty acid oxidation. The protective effects of TASK-1 loss of function are associated with an enhancement of physiologic hypertrophic signaling and preserved metabolic functions. These findings may provide a rationale for TASK-1 channel inhibition in the treatment of cardiac dysfunction.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The role of tandem pore domain acid-sensitive K+ (TASK) channels in cardiac function is not well understood. This study demonstrates that TASK channel gene expression is associated with the onset of human cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. TASK-1 and TASK-3 strongly affect the development of pressure overload cardiomyopathies in genetic models of TASK-1 and TASK-3 loss of function. The effects of TASK-1 loss of function were associated with enhanced AKT phosphorylation and expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1 (PGC-1) transcription factor. These data suggest that TASK channels influence the development of cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction in response to injury.
Duan, W; Hicks, J; Makara, MA; Ilkayeva, O; Abraham, DM
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