Do Histopathology and Clinical Outcomes of Breast Atypia Vary by Race/Ethnicity?
BACKGROUND: The clinical behavior of breast cancer varies by racial and ethnic makeup (REM), but the impact of REM on the clinical outcomes of breast atypia remains understudied. We examined the impact of REM on risk of underlying or subsequent carcinoma following a diagnosis of breast atypia. METHODS: In this retrospective, single-institution chart review, adult women diagnosed with breast atypia (atypical ductal hyperplasia, atypical lobular hyperplasia, or lobular carcinoma in situ) were stratified by REM. Regression modeling was used to estimate risk of underlying or subsequent carcinoma. RESULTS: We identified 539 patients with breast atypia, including 15 Hispanic (2.8%), 127 non-Hispanic black (23.6%), and 397 non-Hispanic white women (73.7%). Diagnoses included 75.1% atypical ductal hyperplasia (n = 405), 4.6% atypical lobular hyperplasia (n = 25), and 20.2% lobular carcinoma in situ (n = 109). Rates for each type of atypia did not vary by REM (P = 0.33). Of those with atypia on needle biopsy, the rate of underlying carcinoma at excision was 17.3%. After adjustment, REM was not associated with greater risk for carcinoma at excision (P = 0.41). Of those with atypia alone on surgical excision, the rate of a subsequent carcinoma diagnosis was 15.4% (median follow-up 49 mo). REM was not associated with a long-term risk for carcinoma (P = 0.37) or differences in time to subsequent carcinoma (log-rank P = 0.52). Chemoprevention uptake rates were low (10.6%), especially among Hispanic (0%) and non-Hispanic black (3.8%) patients (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with atypia, REM does not appear to influence type of histologic atypia, risk for carcinoma, or clinical outcome, despite differences in chemoprevention rates.
Sergesketter, AR; Thomas, SM; Parrilla Castellar, ER; Fayanju, OM; Menendez, C; Hwang, ES; Plichta, JK
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