Sinonasal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Outcomes: Does Treatment at a High-Volume Center Confer Survival Benefit?
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether treatment of sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) at a high-volume facility affects survival. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective database analysis. SETTING: National Cancer Database (2004-2014). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for sinonasal SCC from 2004 to 2014. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics and classification, resection margins, treatment regimen, and facility case-specific volume-averaged per year and grouped in tertiles as low (0%-33%), medium (34%-66%), and high (67%-100%)-were compared. Overall survival was compared with Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 3835 patients treated for sinonasal SCC between 2004 and 2014 were identified. Therapeutic options included surgery alone (18.6%), radiotherapy (RT) alone (29.1%), definitive chemoradiation (15.4%), surgery with adjuvant RT (22.8%), and combinations (14.1%) of the aforementioned treatments. Patients who underwent surgery with adjuvant RT had better overall survival (hazard ratio [HR], 0.74; P < .001; 95% CI, 0.63-0.86). As for treatment volume per facility, 7.4% of patients were treated at a low-volume center, 17.5% at a medium-volume center, and 75.1% at a high-volume center. Univariate analysis showed that treatment at a high-volume facility conferred a significantly better overall survival (HR, 0.77; P = .002). Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, adjusting for age, sex, tumor classification, and treatment regimen, demonstrated that patients who underwent treatment at a high-volume facility (HR, 0.81; P < .001) had significantly improved survival. CONCLUSION: This study shows a better overall survival for sinonasal SCC treated at high-volume centers. Further study may be needed to understand the effect of case volume on the paradigms of sinonasal SCC management.
Teitelbaum, JI; Issa, K; Barak, IR; Ackall, FY; Jung, S-H; Jang, DW; Abi Hachem, R
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