Rates of Glaucomatous Structural and Functional Change From a Large Clinical Population: The Duke Glaucoma Registry Study.
(Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
PURPOSE: To investigate rates of structural and functional change in a large clinical population of glaucoma and glaucoma suspect patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. METHODS: Twenty-nine thousand five hundred forty-eight spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and 19,812 standard automated perimetry (SAP) tests from 6138 eyes of 3669 patients with ≥6 months of follow-up, 2 good quality spectral-domain OCT peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer scans, and 2 reliable SAP tests were included. Data were extracted from the Duke Glaucoma Registry, a large database of electronic health records of patients from the Duke Eye Center and satellite clinics. Rates of change for the 2 metrics were obtained using linear mixed models, categorized according to pre-established cutoffs, and analyzed according to the severity of the disease. RESULTS: Average rates of change were -0.73 ± 0.80 μm per year for global retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and -0.09 ± 0.36 dB per year for SAP mean deviation. More than one quarter (26.6%) of eyes were classified as having at least a moderate rate of change by spectral-domain OCT vs 9.1% by SAP (P < .001). In eyes with severe disease, 31.6% were classified as progressing at moderate or faster rates by SAP vs 26.5% by spectral-domain OCT (P = .055). Most eyes classified as fast by spectral-domain OCT were classified as slow by SAP and vice versa. CONCLUSION: Although most patients under routine care had slow rates of progression, a substantial proportion had rates that could potentially result in major losses if sustained over time. Both structural and functional tests should be used to monitor glaucoma, and spectral-domain OCT still has a relevant role in detecting fast progressors in advanced disease.
Jammal, AA; Thompson, AC; Mariottoni, EB; Urata, CN; Estrela, T; Berchuck, SI; Tseng, HC; Asrani, S; Medeiros, FA
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