Slow Life History Strategies and Increases in Externalizing and Internalizing Problems During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The COVID-19 pandemic is but one of many instances of environmental adversities that have recurred in human history. Biobehavioral resource allocation strategies, known as fast (reproduction-focused) versus slow (development-focused) life history (LH) tradeoff strategies, evolved to deal with environmental challenges such as infectious diseases. Based on 141 young people and their mothers observed prior to (ages 9 and 13) and during (age 20) COVID-19, we investigated longitudinal relations involving slow LH strategies. The results support the adaptive role of slow LH strategies in reducing COVID-related increases in externalizing problems. In addition, the effect of early adversity on COVID-related increases in externalizing was mediated, and the effect on COVID-related increases in internalizing was moderated, by slow LH strategies.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chang, L; Liu, YY; Lu, HJ; Lansford, JE; Bornstein, MH; Steinberg, L; Deater-Deckard, K; Rothenberg, WA; Skinner, AT; Dodge, KA

Published Date

  • September 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 595 - 607

PubMed ID

  • 34448293

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8594561

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-7795

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1050-8392

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/jora.12661


  • eng