Cases of Azygous Coil Extraction.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Procedural and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing extraction or removal of azygous coils are not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate outcomes in patients who undergo device extraction with an azygous coil in situ. METHODS: Patients undergoing extraction with an azygous coil in situ between May 2015 and January 2021 were included in this retrospective single-center analysis. Outcomes included procedural success, use of laser and mechanical cutting tools during the procedure, procedural complications, and mortality. RESULTS: We identified 2 patients undergoing device extraction with an azygous coil in situ with a dwell time greater than 12 months. The patients were male, aged 73 and 83 years. Both had a history of hypertension, atrial fibrillation, heart failure (ejection fractions <15% and 20%), and cardiomyopathy (nonischemic and ischemic), and presented with an infection (case 1 with a single-chamber ICD and Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, case 2 with a cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator pocket infection). The mean dwell time of all 6 leads extracted was 6.43 years (range 1.33-12.63 years), and the 2 azygous coils had dwell times of 1.33 and 6.04 years. In case 1, the azygous coil was inferior to the cardiac silhouette, while in case 2 it was superior. A 14F laser sheath was employed to remove both azygous coils. Both extractions were a complete procedural success in which all leads were removed completely without intraoperative complications. CONCLUSION: These cases demonstrate the variable courses of azygous coils, provide proof of concept that they can be removed safely, and illustrate that azygous coils can be removed with the same techniques that are commonly used to remove other types of leads.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sampognaro, JR; Lewis, RK; Black-Maier, E; Pokorney, SD; Hegland, DD; Piccini, JP

Published Date

  • February 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 65 - 69

PubMed ID

  • 35243437

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8859796

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2666-5018

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.hroo.2021.12.004


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States