The Affordable Care Act and suicide incidence among adults with cancer.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer are at an increased suicide risk, and socioeconomic deprivation may further exacerbate that risk. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) expanded insurance coverage options for low-income individuals and mandated coverage of mental health care. Our objective was to quantify associations of the ACA with suicide incidence among patients with cancer. METHODS: We identified US patients with cancer aged 18-74 years diagnosed with cancer from 2011 to 2016 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. The primary outcome was the 1-year incidence of suicide based on cumulative incidence analyses. Difference-in-differences (DID) analyses compared changes in suicide incidence from 2011-2013 (pre-ACA) to 2014-2016 (post-ACA) in Medicaid expansion relative to non-expansion states. We conducted falsification tests with 65-74-year-old patients with cancer, who are Medicare-eligible and not expected to benefit from ACA provisions. RESULTS: We identified 1,263,717 patients with cancer, 812 of whom died by suicide. In DID analyses, there was no change in suicide incidence after 2014 in Medicaid expansion vs. non-expansion states for nonelderly (18-64 years) patients with cancer (p = .41), but there was a decrease in suicide incidence among young adults (18-39 years) (- 64.36 per 100,000, 95% CI =  - 125.96 to - 2.76, p = .041). There were no ACA-associated changes in suicide incidence among 65-74-year-old patients with cancer. CONCLUSIONS: We found an ACA-associated decrease in the incidence of suicide for some nonelderly patients with cancer, particularly young adults in Medicaid expansion vs. non-expansion states. Expanding access to health care may decrease the risk of suicide among cancer survivors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Barnes, JM; Graboyes, EM; Adjei Boakye, E; Kent, EE; Scherrer, JF; Park, EM; Rosenstein, DL; Mowery, YM; Chino, JP; Brizel, DM; Osazuwa-Peters, N

Published Date

  • April 4, 2022

Published In

PubMed ID

  • 35368225

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1932-2267

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11764-022-01205-z

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States