Perspectives of HIV specialists and cardiologists on the specialty referral process for people living with HIV: a qualitative descriptive study.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Cardiology care may be beneficial for risk factor management in people living with HIV (PLWH), yet limited information is available about the referral process from the perspectives of HIV specialists and cardiologists. METHODS: We conducted 28 qualitative interviews at academic medical centers in the United States from December 2019 to February 2020 using components of the Specialty Referral Process Framework: referral decision, entry into referral care, and care integration. We analyzed the data using applied thematic analysis. RESULTS: Reasons for cardiology referral most commonly included secondary prevention, uncontrolled risk factors, cardiac symptoms, and medication management. Facilitators in the referral process included ease of referral, personal relationships between HIV specialists and cardiologists, and close proximity of the clinic to the patient's home. Barriers included lack of transportation, transportation costs, insurance coverage gaps, stigma, and patient reluctance. CONCLUSIONS: Our results will inform future studies on implementation strategies aimed at improving the specialty referral process for PLWH. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Identifier: NCT04025125 .

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Muiruri, C; Corneli, A; Cooper, L; Dombeck, C; Gray, S; Longenecker, CT; Meissner, EG; Okeke, NL; Pettit, AC; Swezey, T; Vicini, J; Bloomfield, GS

Published Date

  • May 9, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 623 -

PubMed ID

  • 35534889

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9082896

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1472-6963

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s12913-022-08015-0


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England