Sex-dimorphic gene effects on survival outcomes in people with coronary artery disease.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Ischemic coronary heart disease (IHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Genetic variation is presumed to be a major factor underlying sex differences for IHD events, including mortality. The purpose of this study was to identify sex-specific candidate genes associated with all-cause mortality among people diagnosed with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We performed a sex-stratified, exploratory genome-wide association (GWAS) screen using existing data from CAD-diagnosed males (n = 510) and females (n = 174) who reported European ancestry from the Duke Catheterization Genetics biorepository. Extant genotype data for 785,945 autosomal SNPs generated with the Human Omni1-Quad BeadChip (Illumina, CA, USA) were analyzed using an additive inheritance model. We estimated instantaneous risk of all-cause mortality by genotype groups across the 11-year follow-up using Cox multivariate regression, covarying for age and genomic ancestry. RESULTS: The top GWAS hits associated with all-cause mortality among people with CAD included 8 SNPs among males and 15 among females (p = 1 × 10-6 or 10-7), adjusted for covariates. Cross-sex comparisons revealed distinct candidate genes. Biologically relevant candidates included rs9932462 (EMP2/TEKT5) and rs2835913 (KCNJ6) among males and rs7217169 (RAP1GAP2), rs8021816 (PRKD1), rs8133010 (PDE9A), and rs12145981 (LPGAT1) among females. CONCLUSIONS: We report 20 sex-specific candidate genes having suggestive association with all-cause mortality among CAD-diagnosed subjects. Findings demonstrate proof of principle for identifying sex-associated genetic factors that may help explain differential mortality risk in people with CAD. Replication and meta-analyses in larger studies with more diverse samples will strengthen future work in this area.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dungan, JR; Qin, X; Gregory, SG; Cooper-Dehoff, R; Duarte, JD; Qin, H; Gulati, M; Taylor, JY; Pepine, CJ; Hauser, ER; Kraus, WE

Published Date

  • May 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 /

PubMed ID

  • 35959094

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9365120

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2666-6022

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ahjo.2022.100152


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States