Time-resolved transcriptomes reveal diverse B cell fate trajectories in the early response to Epstein-Barr virus infection.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Epstein-Barr virus infection of B lymphocytes elicits diverse host responses via well-adapted transcriptional control dynamics. Consequently, this host-pathogen interaction provides a powerful system to explore fundamental processes leading to consensus fate decisions. Here, we use single-cell transcriptomics to construct a genome-wide multistate model of B cell fates upon EBV infection. Additional single-cell data from human tonsils reveal correspondence of model states to analogous in vivo phenotypes within secondary lymphoid tissue, including an EBV+ analog of multipotent activated precursors that can yield early memory B cells. These resources yield exquisitely detailed perspectives of the transforming cellular landscape during an oncogenic viral infection that simulates antigen-induced B cell activation and differentiation. Thus, they support investigations of state-specific EBV-host dynamics, effector B cell fates, and lymphomagenesis. To demonstrate this potential, we identify EBV infection dynamics in FCRL4+/TBX21+ atypical memory B cells that are pathogenically associated with numerous immune disorders.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • SoRelle, ED; Dai, J; Reinoso-Vizcaino, NM; Barry, AP; Chan, C; Luftig, MA

Published Date

  • August 30, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 40 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 111286 -

PubMed ID

  • 36044865

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9879279

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2211-1247

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.celrep.2022.111286


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States