Dendritic cells stimulated with Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans elicit rapid gamma interferon responses by natural killer cells.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Human immunoglobulin G2 (IgG2) responses are gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) dependent, and monocyte-derived dendritic cells (mDCs) promote IgG2 production. DCs spontaneously emerge from monocytes in cultures prepared from localized aggressive periodontitis (LagP) patients, and these patients have high levels of IgG2 that is reactive with Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. These results prompted the hypothesis that an interaction between mDCs and A. actinomycetemcomitans promotes IFN-gamma production, and IFN-gamma is known to promote both immunopathology and protective IgG2. A. actinomycetemcomitans induced mDCs to produce interleukin-12 (IL-12), and the addition of A. actinomycetemcomitans and DCs to cultured peripheral blood lymphocytes elicited high levels of IFN-gamma within just 24 h. In contrast, IL-4 was not detectable although DC-derived IL-10 production was apparent. A. actinomycetemcomitans-stimulated macrophages prepared from the same monocytes lacked the ability to induce IL-12 or IFN-gamma responses. NK cells of the innate immune system were the primary source of this early IFN-gamma, although CD8 T cells also contributed some. The NK cell-derived IFN-gamma was IL-12 dependent, and A. actinomycetemcomitans-DC interactions were Toll-like receptor 4 dependent. A. actinomycetemcomitans and A. actinomycetemcomitans lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were more potent than Escherichia coli and E. coli LPS in the ability to induce DC IL-12 and IFN-gamma. The ability of A. actinomycetemcomitans-stimulated DCs to induce NK cells to rapidly produce IFN-gamma in the absence of detectable IL-4 suggests their potential for skewing responses toward Th1. This may help explain the presence of Th1-associated cytokines in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) from LagP patients and the high levels of IgG2 in their serum and GCF that is reactive with A. actinomycetemcomitans.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kikuchi, T; Hahn, CL; Tanaka, S; Barbour, SE; Schenkein, HA; Tew, JG

Published Date

  • September 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 72 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 5089 - 5096

PubMed ID

  • 15322002

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC517417

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0019-9567

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/IAI.72.9.5089-5096.2004


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States