c-Jun enhancement of cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate response element-dependent transcription induced by transforming growth factor-beta is independent of c-Jun binding to DNA.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) enhances transcription from reporter genes regulated by a single consensus cAMP-response element (CRE) upon transfection into the immortalized human keratinocyte cell line, HaCaT. Whereas both CRE-binding protein (CREB) and c-Jun present in extracts of unstimulated cells can complex with a CRE in gel-shift experiments, TGFbeta treatment increases the amount of c-Jun found in the complex. Overexpression of c-Jun is sufficient to increase CRE and GAL4-CREB-dependent transcription and mimics the stimulatory effects of TGFbeta on transcription from either reporter gene. Surprisingly, although a portion of CREB in unstimulated cells is phosphorylated on the activating serine residue, Ser-133, this level of phospho-CREB is not altered by TGFbeta treatment. In fact, the CREB-dependent transcriptional effects of TGFbeta or c-Jun do not require phosphorylation of Ser-133, although CREB-binding protein (CBP) is required as evidenced by the observation that the adenoviral oncoprotein E1A can block the effects of both agents. c-Jun enhancement of CRE or GAL4-CREB-dependent transcription neither requires the DNA-binding nor N-terminal domains of c-Jun. Collectively, these results are consistent with a model in which signaling pathways initiated by TGFbeta can stimulate CREB-dependent transcription by increasing the cellular concentration of c-Jun, which participates in activation of the CBP-containing transcription complex.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hu, PP; Harvat, BL; Hook, SS; Shen, X; Wang, XF; Means, AR

Published Date

  • December 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 2039 - 2048

PubMed ID

  • 10598580

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0888-8809

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1210/mend.13.12.0405


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States