T cell repertoire development in humans with SCID after nonablative allogeneic marrow transplantation.
Transplantation of HLA-identical or haploidentical T cell-depleted allogeneic bone marrow (BM) into SCID infants results in thymus-dependent T cell development in the recipients. Immunoscope analysis of the TCR V beta repertoire was performed on 15 SCID patients given BM transplants. Before and within the first 100 days after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), patients' PBMC displayed an oligoclonal or skewed T cell repertoire, low TCR excision circles (TREC) values, and a predominance of CD45RO(+) T cells. In contrast, the presence of high numbers of CD45RA(+) cells in the circulation of SCID patients >100 days post-BMT correlated with active T cell output by the thymus as revealed by high TREC values and a polyclonal T cell repertoire demonstrated by a Gaussian distribution of V beta-specific peaks. Ten years after BMT, we observed a decrease of the normal polyclonal T cell repertoire and an increase of a more skewed T cell repertoire. A decline of TREC levels and a decrease in the number of CD45RA(+) cells beyond 10 years after BMT was concomitant with the detection of oligoclonal CD3(+)CD8(+)CD45RO(+) cells. The switch from a polyclonal to a more skewed repertoire, observed in the CD3(+)CD8(+)CD45RO(+) T cell subset, is a phenomenon that occurs normally with decreased thymic output during aging, but not as rapidly as in this patient population. We conclude that a normal T cell repertoire develops in SCID patients as a result of thymic output and the repertoire remains highly diverse for the first 10 years after BMT. The TCR diversity positively correlates in these patients with TREC levels.
Sarzotti, M; Patel, DD; Li, X; Ozaki, DA; Cao, S; Langdon, S; Parrott, RE; Coyne, K; Buckley, RH
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