Outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes and prior coronary artery bypass grafting: results from the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in unstable angina: receptor suppression using integrilin therapy (PURSUIT) trial.
BACKGROUND: Patients with prior CABG with a subsequent non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS) pose an increasingly important clinical problem. Although GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors have improved the outcome of patients with ACS, their efficacy in patients with prior CABG has not been previously evaluated. Methods and Results- We analyzed the 30- and 180-day outcomes of patients with prior CABG enrolled in the Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin Therapy (PURSUIT) trial. In this trial, which evaluated the efficacy of eptifibatide in patients with ACS, 1134 patients (12%) with prior CABG and 8321 without prior CABG were enrolled. After adjusting for differences in baseline characteristics and treatment, patients with prior CABG had a significantly higher mortality rates at 30 days (hazard ratio [HR], 1.45 [95% CI, 1.06 to 1.98]; P=0.019) and at 180 days (HR, 1.32 [95% CI, 1.04 to 1.67]; P=0.021). At 30 days, there was a similar effect on the primary end point of death or myocardial infarction in the eptifibatide group versus the placebo group in prior CABG patients (unadjusted HR, 0.90 [95% CI, 0.67 to 1.20]) and in patients without a history of CABG (unadjusted HR, 0.89 [95% CI, 0.80 to 0.99]). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with prior CABG with non-ST-segment elevation ACS have a significantly worse prognosis than do patients without a history of CABG. The treatment effect of eptifibatide in the prior CABG group was similar to the effect seen in patients without prior CABG.
Labinaz, M; Kilaru, R; Pieper, K; Marso, SP; Kitt, MM; Simoons, ML; Califf, RM; Topol, EJ; Armstrong, PW; Harrington, RA
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