CD7 and CD28 are required for murine CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cell homeostasis and prevention of thyroiditis.
CD7 and CD28 are T cell Ig superfamily molecules that share common signaling mechanisms. To determine roles CD7 and CD28 might play in peripheral lymphocyte development and function, we have generated CD7/CD28-double-deficient mice. CD7- and CD28-single-deficient and CD7/CD28-double-deficient mice had normal levels of CD4 and CD8-single-positive T cells in thymus and spleen. However, CD28-deficient mice had decreased CD4+CD25+ T cells in spleen compared with wild-type mice, and CD7/CD28-double-deficient mice had decreased numbers of CD4+CD25+ T cells in both thymus and spleen compared with both wild-type and CD28-deficient mice. Functional studies demonstrated that CD4+CD25+ T cells from CD28-deficient and CD7/CD28-double-deficient mice could mediate suppression of CD3 mAb activation of CD4+CD25- wild-type T cells, but were less potent than wild-type CD4+CD25+ T regulatory cells. Thyroiditis developed in aged CD7/CD28-double-deficient mice (>1 year) that was not seen in age-matched control mice or single CD7- or CD28-deficient mice, thus suggesting in vivo loss of T regulatory cells allowed for the development of spontaneous thyroiditis. Taken together, these data demonstrated collaborative roles for both CD7 and CD28 in determination of number and function of CD4+CD25+ T regulatory cells in the thymus and peripheral immune sites and in the development of spontaneous thyroiditis.
Sempowski, GD; Cross, SJ; Heinly, CS; Scearce, RM; Haynes, BF
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