Polyfunctional cytomegalovirus-specific immunity in lung transplant recipients receiving valganciclovir prophylaxis.

Published

Journal Article

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common opportunistic infection after lung transplant. Despite effective antiviral medications to treat CMV, invasive CMV disease contributes to lung allograft dysfunction and worse survival. Efforts to prevent CMV have led to the use of valganciclovir prophylaxis for increasingly longer periods after transplant. A pivotal concern with long-term antiviral prophylaxis is that it may prevent or delay the development of CMV-specific immunity and increase the subsequent risk of late onset disease. To address this issue, we conducted a pilot study to determine if CMV-specific immunity was detectable in lung transplant recipients at risk for CMV while on antiviral prophylaxis. Utilizing polychromatic flow cytometry panels, CMV-specific immunity was determined by peripheral blood CD4 and CD8 T cell expression of cytokines in response to the HLA restricted CMV peptides pp65 and IE-1. We determined CMV seropositive lung transplant recipients on valganciclovir for a median of 6 months from transplant have a detectable polyfunctional CMV-specific T cell response which is comparable to seropositive recipients not on antiviral medications and to healthy seropositive nontransplant controls. Thus, valganciclovir prophylaxis does not appear to impair the development of CMV-specific immunity in lung transplantation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Snyder, LD; Medinas, R; Chan, C; Sparks, S; Davis, WA; Palmer, SM; Weinhold, KJ

Published Date

  • March 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 553 - 560

PubMed ID

  • 21219584

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21219584

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1600-6143

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1600-6135

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2010.03405.x

Language

  • eng