Hemodynamic profiles of advanced heart failure: association with clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Classifying patients with advanced congestive heart failure (CHF) by baseline measures of congestion and perfusion has been used to estimate hemodynamic status and to select and titrate therapy. We describe clinical characteristics of 4 hemodynamic profiles-wet/cold, wet/warm, dry/cold, and dry/warm-in patients with advanced CHF and assess relations between symptoms, physical signs, and outcomes with each profile. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively assessed baseline symptoms, physical-examination variables, and 1-year outcomes of 440 patients in a randomized trial. With univariable and multivariable logistic regression, we examined relations of physical-examination variables to hemodynamic profiles. We also assessed the rates of death and death or readmission by profile. Severity of CHF symptoms did not predict the wet-versus-dry profile or cold-versus-warm status, despite significant differences in hemodynamics among groups. Of the physical-examination variables, only a lower proportional pulse pressure was a significant multivariable predictor of the wet category. Among wet patients (n = 348), this same variable was the only significant multivariable predictor of the cold category. For dry patients (n = 92), the cold category was predicted in multivariable analysis by supine heart rate and hepatomegaly. Survival was similar among profiles: wet/cold, 54.2% (n = 91); wet/warm, 58.3% (n = 105); dry/cold, 78.9% (n = 15); and dry/warm, 67.1%, P =.13 (n = 49). Event-free survival also was similar among profiles: wet/cold, 22.0% (n = 37); wet/warm, 29.4% (n = 53); dry/cold, 42.1% (n = 8); and dry/warm, 31.5%, P =.44 (n = 23). CONCLUSIONS: The patient's history and physical examination alone may lead to inaccurate estimation of hemodynamic status and thus suboptimal management for patients with advanced CHF.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shah, MR; Hasselblad, V; Stinnett, SS; Gheorghiade, M; Swedberg, K; Califf, RM; O'Connor, CM

Published Date

  • June 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 105 - 113

PubMed ID

  • 11420761

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1071-9164

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1054/jcaf.2001.24131


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States