Identification of a novel malonyl-CoA IC(50) for CPT-I: implications for predicting in vivo fatty acid oxidation rates.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Published values regarding the sensitivity (IC(50)) of CPT-I (carnitine palmitoyltransferase I) to M-CoA (malonyl-CoA) inhibition in isolated mitochondria are inconsistent with predicted in vivo rates of fatty acid oxidation. Therefore we have re-examined M-CoA inhibition kinetics under various P-CoA (palmitoyl-CoA) concentrations in both isolated mitochondria and PMFs (permeabilized muscle fibres). PMFs have an 18-fold higher IC(50) (0.61 compared with 0.034 μM) in the presence of 25 μM P-CoA and a 13-fold higher IC(50) (6.3 compared with 0.49 μM) in the presence of 150 μM P-CoA compared with isolated mitochondria. M-CoA inhibition kinetics determined in PMFs predicts that CPT-I activity is inhibited by 33% in resting muscle compared with >95% in isolated mitochondria. Additionally, the ability of M-CoA to inhibit CPT-I appears to be dependent on P-CoA concentration, as the relative inhibitory capacity of M-CoA is decreased with increasing P-CoA concentrations. Altogether, the use of PMFs appears to provide an M-CoA IC(50) that better reflects the predicted in vivo rates of fatty acid oxidation. These findings also demonstrate that the ratio of [P-CoA]/[M-CoA] is critical for regulating CPT-I activity and may partially rectify the in vivo disconnect between M-CoA content and CPT-I flux within the context of exercise and Type 2 diabetes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Smith, BK; Perry, CGR; Koves, TR; Wright, DC; Smith, JC; Neufer, PD; Muoio, DM; Holloway, GP

Published Date

  • November 15, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 448 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 13 - 20

PubMed ID

  • 22928974

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3863641

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1470-8728

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1042/BJ20121110


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England