Growth inhibition of pathogenic bacteria by sulfonylurea herbicides.
Emerging resistance to current antibiotics raises the need for new microbial drug targets. We show that targeting branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) biosynthesis using sulfonylurea herbicides, which inhibit the BCAA biosynthetic enzyme acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS), can exert bacteriostatic effects on several pathogenic bacteria, including Burkholderia pseudomallei, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii. Our results suggest that targeting biosynthetic enzymes like AHAS, which are lacking in humans, could represent a promising antimicrobial drug strategy.
Kreisberg, JF; Ong, NT; Krishna, A; Joseph, TL; Wang, J; Ong, C; Ooi, HA; Sung, JC; Siew, CC; Chang, GC; Biot, F; Cuccui, J; Wren, BW; Chan, J; Sivalingam, SP; Zhang, L-H; Verma, C; Tan, P
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