Suppressor of fused (Sufu) mediates the effect of parathyroid hormone-like hormone (Pthlh) on chondrocyte differentiation in the growth plate.
Growth plate chondrocytes undergo a coordinated process of differentiation, regulating long bone growth. Parathyroid hormone-like hormone (Pthlh) inhibits hypertrophic differentiation in the growth plate chondrocytes and reduces Hedgehog (Hh) signaling. In mice lacking the Hh mediator Suppressor of fused (Sufu), Pthlh treatment resulted in the up-regulation of Hh activity and an increased number of hypertrophic chondrocytes. Furthermore, Pthlh increased Sufu protein levels, and in chondrocytes lacking Sufu, it was unable to process Hh-regulated Gli transcription factors. Pthlh regulates chondrocyte differentiation and Gli activity in a Sufu-dependent manner, with Sufu acting as a molecular switch in its regulation of differentiation.
Hsu, S-HC; Zhang, X; Cheng, S; Wunder, JS; Hui, C-C; Alman, BA
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