The expression of platelet-derived growth-factor gene in Dupuytren contracture.
Dupuytren contracture is a disease of the palmar fascia characterized by nodular fibroblastic proliferation; its etiology and pathogenesis are poorly understood. Growth factors are polypeptides that regulate cell growth and differentiation and extracellular matrix production. Platelet-derived growth factor is known to cause fibroblastic proliferation, and it may be involved in the pathogenesis of Dupuytren contracture. The purpose of this study was to determine if the gene for the B chain of platelet-derived growth factor is expressed in Dupuytren contracture. Tissue from patients who had Dupuytren disease was examined immunohistochemically with the 5B5 antibody, which is a marker for fibroblasts. Polymerase chain reaction, gel electrophoresis, Southern blotting, and in situ hybridization were also used to study gene expression in the tissue as well as in normal fascia, A172 cells, and MRC5 cells. Total cellular RNA was extracted from tissue and cells. Polymerase chain reaction was done with oligonucleotide primers complementary to a portion of the platelet-derived growth-factor-B and platelet-derived growth-factor-receptor genes. The platelet-derived growth-factor-B gene was expressed in all six specimens from the patients who had Dupuytren contracture as well as in the A172 cells, but not in the normal fascia lata or the MRC5 cells. These results were confirmed with Southern blotting of the products of the reaction with a platelet-derived growth-factor-B probe. The gene for the platelet-derived growth-factor receptor was expressed by all tissues and cells studied.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Terek, RM; Jiranek, WA; Goldberg, MJ; Wolfe, HJ; Alman, BA
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