Hemostatic changes after dietary coenzyme Q10 supplementation in swine.
Improved cardiovascular morbidity and mortality have been observed in several clinical studies of dietary supplementation with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10). We elucidated the effect of CoQ10 on certain hemostatic parameters that may influence the progression of heart disease. Twelve Yorkshire swine were randomized to receive diet supplementation with either CoQ10 or placebo for 20 days. Blood samples were obtained at baseline and at the end of the feeding period. At the end of the protocol, there were no significant differences in hemostatic parameters in the placebo group. A significant increase in total serum CoQ10 level (from 0.39 +/- 0.06 to 0.96 +/- 0.04 microgram/ml, p < 0.001) was noted after the feeding period in the CoQ10-supplemented group. We observed significant inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation (-9.9%) and a decrease in plasma fibronectin (-20.2%), thromboxane B2 (TXB2, -20.6%), prostacyclin (-23.2%), and endothelin-1 (ET-1, -17.9%) level. There were no changes in the plasma concentrations of the natural antithrombotics [antithrombin-III (AT-III), protein S, and protein C] after CoQ10 supplementation. CoQ10 supplementation in a dose of 200 mg daily is associated with mild antiaggregatory changes in the hemostatic profile. Clinical beneficial effects of CoQ10 may be related in part to a diminished incidence of thrombotic complications.
Serebruany, VL; Herzog, WR; Atamas, SP; Gurbel, PA; Rohde, M; Mortensen, SA; Folkers, K
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