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Sarah M Wilson

Assistant Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Behavioral Medicine & Neurosciences
Box 3662 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710
Duke University, Durham, NC 27710

Selected Publications


Development and Implementation of Web-Based Safety Planning Intervention Training for Firefighter Peer Support Specialists.

Journal Article Crisis · March 2024 Background: Recent findings indicate that firefighters may be at increased risk for death by suicide; however, there has been only limited suicide prevention work in fire service to date. Aim: The objective of this program evaluation project was to develop ... Full text Link to item Cite

Mobile health contingency management for smoking cessation among veterans experiencing homelessness: A comparative effectiveness trial.

Journal Article Prev Med Rep · October 2023 Tobacco cessation is reduced in U.S. military veterans experiencing homelessness. Mobile contingency management (mCM) is a promising treatment for tobacco use among populations experiencing homelessness, but past CM studies have largely been small, have re ... Full text Link to item Cite

Incorporating TechQuity in Virtual Care Within the Veterans Health Administration: Identifying Future Research and Operations Priorities.

Journal Article J Gen Intern Med · July 2023 BACKGROUND: The Covid-19 pandemic dramatically changed healthcare delivery, driving rapid expansion of synchronous (i.e., real-time) audio-only and video telehealth, otherwise known as virtual care. Yet evidence describes significant inequities in virtual ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Rolling out PRIDE in All Who Served: Barriers and Facilitators for Sites Implementing an LGBTQ+ Health Education Group for Military Veterans.

Journal Article J Gen Intern Med · July 2023 BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) PRIDE in All Who Served health education group (PRIDE) was developed to improve health equity and access to care for military veterans who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and/or ... Full text Link to item Cite

Racial inequality in functional trajectories between Black and White U.S. veterans.

Journal Article J Am Geriatr Soc · April 2023 BACKGROUND: Racial inequality in functional trajectories has been well documented in the U.S. civilian population but has not been explored among Veterans. Our objectives were to: (1) assess how functional trajectories differed for Black and White Veterans ... Full text Link to item Cite

Optimizing the Equitable Deployment of Virtual Care for Women: Protocol for a Qualitative Evidence Synthesis Examining Patient and Provider Perspectives Supplemented with Primary Qualitative Data.

Journal Article Health Equity · 2023 INTRODUCTION: Women experience numerous barriers to patient-centered health care (e.g., lack of continuity). Such barriers are amplified for women from marginalized communities. Virtual care may improve equitable access. We are conducting a partner-engaged ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Less dropout from prolonged exposure sessions prescribed at least twice weekly: A meta-analysis and systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Journal Article J Trauma Stress · August 2022 Trauma-focused psychotherapies, such as prolonged exposure (PE), are strongly recommended to treat posttraumatic stress disorder due to their effects in reducing symptoms. However, such therapies may also suffer from high dropout rates. To investigate how ... Full text Link to item Cite

Qualitative analysis of participant experiences during an ecological momentary assessment study of nonsuicidal self-injury among veterans.

Journal Article Psychiatry Res · April 2022 Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a useful tool to investigate antecedents and consequences of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), a robust predictor of Veteran suicide risk. Despite elucidating temporal changes among dynamic variables, EMA remains unde ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementation mapping for tobacco cessation in a federally qualified health center.

Journal Article Front Public Health · 2022 BACKGROUND: Implementation mapping (IM) is a promising five-step method for guiding planning, execution, and maintenance of an innovation. Case examples are valuable for implementation practitioners to understand considerations for applying IM. This pilot ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Predictors of prenatal smoking among US women veterans.

Journal Article J Health Psychol · November 2021 This study investigated prevalence and factors associated with prenatal smoking among US women veterans using cross-sectional data from a cohort study of veterans from recent wars utilizing Veterans Health Administration primary care (Nā€‰=ā€‰6190). Among the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Psychological outcomes following sexual assault: Differences by sexual assault setting.

Journal Article Psychol Serv · November 2021 Sexual assault is associated with increased psychological distress. It is possible that military sexual assault (MSA) is associated with heightened psychological distress compared to adult sexual assault that occurs pre- or postmilitary service due to the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical effectiveness study of a treatment to prepare for trauma-focused evidence-based psychotherapies at a veterans affairs specialty posttraumatic stress disorder clinic.

Journal Article Psychol Serv · November 2021 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) clinics in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) often provide psychoeducational or skill-building groups to prepare veterans for trauma-focused PTSD treatments. However, there has been limited evaluation of the effec ... Full text Link to item Cite

A Comparison of Group Anger Management Treatments for Combat Veterans With PTSD: Results From a Quasi-Experimental Trial.

Journal Article J Interpers Violence · October 2021 Difficulty controlling anger is a significant concern among combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet few controlled studies have examined the efficacy of anger treatments for this population. This study examined the effects of a group ... Full text Link to item Cite

Regulatory Focus and Substance Use in Adolescents: Protective Effects of Prevention Orientation.

Journal Article Subst Use Misuse · 2021 Substance use is a major risk factor for negative health and functioning outcomes among middle schoolers. The purpose of this study was to assess whether individual differences in the adolescents' goal orientation are associated with elevated or attenuated ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Pilot Cohorts for Development of Concurrent Mobile Treatment for Alcohol and Tobacco Use Disorders.

Journal Article Subst Abuse · 2021 Alcohol and tobacco are the 2 most frequently used drugs in the United States and represent the highest co-occurrence of polysubstance use. The objective of this study was to refine an intervention combining mobile contingency management with cognitive-beh ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Nail-biting, scab-picking, and tattooing as nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI): A deviant case series analysis of the proposed NSSI disorder diagnostic criteria.

Journal Article J Clin Psychol · December 2020 OBJECTIVE: This study explored the boundaries of the proposed diagnostic criteria for nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSID) as outlined in the Conditions for Further Study section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition. We sought to fal ... Full text Link to item Cite

Treatment Outcomes of a Multi-Component Mobile Health Smoking Cessation Pilot Intervention for People with Schizophrenia.

Journal Article J Dual Diagn · October 2020 The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of a multi-component mobile contingency management (CM) pilot intervention for smoking cessation for people with schizophrenia. Methods: This intervention included mobile CM ( ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Personality Assessment Inventory Alcohol Scale in Veterans With PTSD: Convergent and Discriminant Relations With the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test.

Journal Article Assessment · June 2020 In this study, we examined the validity of the Personality Assessment Inventory Alcohol (ALC) scale in 736 male veterans presenting for formal evaluation of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The ALC scale exhibited convergence with other measures of al ... Full text Link to item Cite

Self- and Other-Directed Violence as Outcomes of Deployment-Based Military Sexual Assault in Iraq/Afghanistan-era Veteran Men and Women.

Journal Article J Aggress Maltreat Trauma · April 10, 2020 Although military sexual assault (MSA) has been well-established as a risk factor for psychopathology (e.g., PTSD, depression), little research has examined the association between MSA and self- and other-directed violence. Furthermore, there has been a gr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Development and Implementation of Web-Based Safety Planning Intervention Training for Firefighter Peer Support Specialists.

Journal Article Crisis · March 2024 Background: Recent findings indicate that firefighters may be at increased risk for death by suicide; however, there has been only limited suicide prevention work in fire service to date. Aim: The objective of this program evaluation project was to develop ... Full text Link to item Cite

Mobile health contingency management for smoking cessation among veterans experiencing homelessness: A comparative effectiveness trial.

Journal Article Prev Med Rep · October 2023 Tobacco cessation is reduced in U.S. military veterans experiencing homelessness. Mobile contingency management (mCM) is a promising treatment for tobacco use among populations experiencing homelessness, but past CM studies have largely been small, have re ... Full text Link to item Cite

Incorporating TechQuity in Virtual Care Within the Veterans Health Administration: Identifying Future Research and Operations Priorities.

Journal Article J Gen Intern Med · July 2023 BACKGROUND: The Covid-19 pandemic dramatically changed healthcare delivery, driving rapid expansion of synchronous (i.e., real-time) audio-only and video telehealth, otherwise known as virtual care. Yet evidence describes significant inequities in virtual ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Rolling out PRIDE in All Who Served: Barriers and Facilitators for Sites Implementing an LGBTQ+ Health Education Group for Military Veterans.

Journal Article J Gen Intern Med · July 2023 BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) PRIDE in All Who Served health education group (PRIDE) was developed to improve health equity and access to care for military veterans who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and/or ... Full text Link to item Cite

Racial inequality in functional trajectories between Black and White U.S. veterans.

Journal Article J Am Geriatr Soc · April 2023 BACKGROUND: Racial inequality in functional trajectories has been well documented in the U.S. civilian population but has not been explored among Veterans. Our objectives were to: (1) assess how functional trajectories differed for Black and White Veterans ... Full text Link to item Cite

Optimizing the Equitable Deployment of Virtual Care for Women: Protocol for a Qualitative Evidence Synthesis Examining Patient and Provider Perspectives Supplemented with Primary Qualitative Data.

Journal Article Health Equity · 2023 INTRODUCTION: Women experience numerous barriers to patient-centered health care (e.g., lack of continuity). Such barriers are amplified for women from marginalized communities. Virtual care may improve equitable access. We are conducting a partner-engaged ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Less dropout from prolonged exposure sessions prescribed at least twice weekly: A meta-analysis and systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Journal Article J Trauma Stress · August 2022 Trauma-focused psychotherapies, such as prolonged exposure (PE), are strongly recommended to treat posttraumatic stress disorder due to their effects in reducing symptoms. However, such therapies may also suffer from high dropout rates. To investigate how ... Full text Link to item Cite

Qualitative analysis of participant experiences during an ecological momentary assessment study of nonsuicidal self-injury among veterans.

Journal Article Psychiatry Res · April 2022 Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a useful tool to investigate antecedents and consequences of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), a robust predictor of Veteran suicide risk. Despite elucidating temporal changes among dynamic variables, EMA remains unde ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementation mapping for tobacco cessation in a federally qualified health center.

Journal Article Front Public Health · 2022 BACKGROUND: Implementation mapping (IM) is a promising five-step method for guiding planning, execution, and maintenance of an innovation. Case examples are valuable for implementation practitioners to understand considerations for applying IM. This pilot ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Predictors of prenatal smoking among US women veterans.

Journal Article J Health Psychol · November 2021 This study investigated prevalence and factors associated with prenatal smoking among US women veterans using cross-sectional data from a cohort study of veterans from recent wars utilizing Veterans Health Administration primary care (Nā€‰=ā€‰6190). Among the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Psychological outcomes following sexual assault: Differences by sexual assault setting.

Journal Article Psychol Serv · November 2021 Sexual assault is associated with increased psychological distress. It is possible that military sexual assault (MSA) is associated with heightened psychological distress compared to adult sexual assault that occurs pre- or postmilitary service due to the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical effectiveness study of a treatment to prepare for trauma-focused evidence-based psychotherapies at a veterans affairs specialty posttraumatic stress disorder clinic.

Journal Article Psychol Serv · November 2021 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) clinics in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) often provide psychoeducational or skill-building groups to prepare veterans for trauma-focused PTSD treatments. However, there has been limited evaluation of the effec ... Full text Link to item Cite

A Comparison of Group Anger Management Treatments for Combat Veterans With PTSD: Results From a Quasi-Experimental Trial.

Journal Article J Interpers Violence · October 2021 Difficulty controlling anger is a significant concern among combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet few controlled studies have examined the efficacy of anger treatments for this population. This study examined the effects of a group ... Full text Link to item Cite

Regulatory Focus and Substance Use in Adolescents: Protective Effects of Prevention Orientation.

Journal Article Subst Use Misuse · 2021 Substance use is a major risk factor for negative health and functioning outcomes among middle schoolers. The purpose of this study was to assess whether individual differences in the adolescents' goal orientation are associated with elevated or attenuated ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Pilot Cohorts for Development of Concurrent Mobile Treatment for Alcohol and Tobacco Use Disorders.

Journal Article Subst Abuse · 2021 Alcohol and tobacco are the 2 most frequently used drugs in the United States and represent the highest co-occurrence of polysubstance use. The objective of this study was to refine an intervention combining mobile contingency management with cognitive-beh ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Nail-biting, scab-picking, and tattooing as nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI): A deviant case series analysis of the proposed NSSI disorder diagnostic criteria.

Journal Article J Clin Psychol · December 2020 OBJECTIVE: This study explored the boundaries of the proposed diagnostic criteria for nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSID) as outlined in the Conditions for Further Study section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition. We sought to fal ... Full text Link to item Cite

Treatment Outcomes of a Multi-Component Mobile Health Smoking Cessation Pilot Intervention for People with Schizophrenia.

Journal Article J Dual Diagn · October 2020 The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of a multi-component mobile contingency management (CM) pilot intervention for smoking cessation for people with schizophrenia. Methods: This intervention included mobile CM ( ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Personality Assessment Inventory Alcohol Scale in Veterans With PTSD: Convergent and Discriminant Relations With the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test.

Journal Article Assessment · June 2020 In this study, we examined the validity of the Personality Assessment Inventory Alcohol (ALC) scale in 736 male veterans presenting for formal evaluation of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The ALC scale exhibited convergence with other measures of al ... Full text Link to item Cite

Self- and Other-Directed Violence as Outcomes of Deployment-Based Military Sexual Assault in Iraq/Afghanistan-era Veteran Men and Women.

Journal Article J Aggress Maltreat Trauma · April 10, 2020 Although military sexual assault (MSA) has been well-established as a risk factor for psychopathology (e.g., PTSD, depression), little research has examined the association between MSA and self- and other-directed violence. Furthermore, there has been a gr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sexual orientation, attraction and risk for deliberate self-harm: Findings from a nationally representative sample.

Journal Article Psychiatry Res · February 10, 2020 To date, there has been limited investigation identifying predictors of deliberate self-harm (DSH) among sexual minority adults. The present study examined the likelihood of DSH by sexual minority status as measured by self-reported sexual identity and sex ... Full text Link to item Cite

Receipt and predictors of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy among veterans with and without HIV.

Journal Article Prog Cardiovasc Dis · 2020 Smoking is highly prevalent among people living with HIV (PLWH) and increases cardiovascular risk. Pharmacotherapies such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), bupropion, and varenicline help to reduce smoking, though rates of receipt among PLWH compared ... Full text Link to item Cite

Lifetime Smoking Patterns and Preferences for Smoking Cessation Among Women Veterans Receiving Veterans Health Administration Care.

Journal Article Qual Health Res · December 2019 The objective of this study was to identify common themes among women veterans who smoke or recently quit and had used smoking cessation treatment within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). The study built upon previous research by utilizing in-depth ... Full text Link to item Cite

From obligation to opportunity: future of patient-reported outcome measures at the Veterans Health Administration.

Journal Article Transl Behav Med · November 25, 2019 Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures are particularly important in mental health services because patients are the central and essential source of information about their mental health status. PRO measures have the potential to engage patients in meanin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Barriers to the use of Veterans Affairs health care services among female veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Journal Article Psychol Serv · August 2019 The study investigated barriers to the utilization of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care services among female veterans who served in served in Iraq and Afghanistan, including reasons for not choosing VA health care, reasons for not seeking mental health tr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Gender Differences in Suicide and Self-Directed Violence Risk Among Veterans With Post-traumatic Stress and Substance Use Disorders.

Journal Article Womens Health Issues · June 25, 2019 BACKGROUND: Veterans have a high prevalence of both post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUDs), which are related to suicide risk. Exploring gender-related differences in suicidal behavior risk among this subgroup of veterans ... Full text Link to item Cite

Patient-Informed Treatment Development of Behavioral Smoking Cessation for People With Schizophrenia.

Journal Article Behav Ther · March 2019 The objective of this study was to use qualitative methodology to tailor and refine an existing smoking cessation intervention for the population of people who use cigarettes and are diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective, or psychotic disorder. Suc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cigarette smoking rates among veterans: Association with rurality and psychiatric disorders.

Journal Article Addict Behav · March 2019 AIMS: Compared to the general U.S. population, military veterans and those living in rural areas disproportionately smoke cigarettes at higher rates, leading to increased health consequences. In the current study, prevalence and severity of cigarette smoki ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pilot Trial of a Combined Cognitive Processing Therapy and Smoking Cessation Treatment.

Journal Article J Addict Med · 2019 OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and smoking are often comorbid. Combining PTSD and smoking cessation treatments could increase access to each treatment and could provide improved rates of smoking cessation through reductions in P ... Full text Link to item Cite

Knowledge Gaps around Smoking and Nicotine among U.S. Military Veterans Who Smoke and Implications for Practice.

Journal Article Mil Behav Health · 2019 The present study describes the knowledge about smoking and nicotine among a sample of current Iraq-/Afghanistan-era veterans who smoke (N = 117). A majority of participants had knowledge regarding general risks of smoking and benefits of nicotine replacem ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of Cigarette Smoking Status on Pain Intensity Among Veterans With and Without Hepatitis C.

Journal Article Pain Med · September 1, 2018 OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is a significant problem in patients living with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Tobacco smoking is an independent risk factor for high pain intensity among veterans. This study aims to examine the independent associations with smoking and ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Role of Sex-Related Alcohol Expectancies in Alcohol-Involved Consensual and Nonconsensual Sex Among Women of Asian/Pacific Islander and Women of European Race/Ethnicity.

Journal Article J Sex Res · September 2018 Alcohol-involved sexual experiences, including incapacitated sexual assault and alcohol-involved sex, are major public health concerns among college women. Further, racial/ethnic diversity among college students is increasing, particularly with regard to i ... Full text Link to item Cite

Examination of the indirect effects of combat exposure on suicidal behavior in veterans.

Journal Article J Affect Disord · August 1, 2018 BACKGROUND: Researchers have theorized that increased rates of suicide in the military are associated with combat exposure; however, this hypothesis has received inconsistent support in the literature, potentially because combat exposure may be indirectly ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Association Between Alcohol Consumption, Lifetime Alcohol Use Disorder, and Psychiatric Distress Among Male and Female Veterans.

Journal Article J Stud Alcohol Drugs · July 2018 OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine among veterans (a) whether alcohol consumption patterns are associated with probability of psychiatric symptoms and (b) whether an alcohol use disorder (AUD) history explains psychiatric symptoms among nondrinkers. ME ... Full text Link to item Cite

A relative weights comparison of trauma-related shame and guilt as predictors of DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity among US veterans and military members.

Journal Article Br J Clin Psychol · June 2018 OBJECTIVES: Veterans and military service members have increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and consequent problems with health, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life. In this population and others, shame and guilt have emerged ... Full text Link to item Cite

Low Income as a Multiplicative Risk Factor for Oral Pain and Dental Problems Among U.S. Veteran Smokers.

Journal Article Int J Behav Med · February 2018 PURPOSE: Compared to the United States (U.S.) general population, military veterans are at an increased risk of experiencing dental problems. This study documented associations between cigarette use and measures of dental/oral concern in a population of U. ... Full text Link to item Cite

The association of alcohol consumption patterns with self-rated physical health and psychiatric distress among Afghanistan- and Iraq-era U.S. veterans.

Journal Article Psychiatry Res · January 2018 Alcohol misuse is associated with negative mental and physical health outcomes, which presents a public health concern in veterans. However, less is known regarding outcomes among veterans with low to moderate alcohol consumption. This study included veter ... Full text Link to item Cite

Contingency Management Versus Psychotherapy for Prenatal Smoking Cessation: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Journal Article Womens Health Issues · 2018 OBJECTIVES: Prenatal smoking is the leading preventable cause of poor obstetric outcomes, yet treatment options are limited. Past reviews of prenatal smoking cessation have often grouped all counseling into a single category, which ignores the fact that ps ... Full text Link to item Cite

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Network Analysis in U.S. Military Veterans: Examining the Impact of Combat Exposure.

Journal Article Front Psychiatry · 2018 Recent work inspired by graph theory has begun to conceptualize mental disorders as networks of interacting symptoms. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom networks have been investigated in clinical samples meeting full diagnostic criteria, includi ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Validation of Veterans Affairs Electronic Medical Record Smoking Data Among Iraq- and Afghanistan-Era Veterans.

Journal Article J Gen Intern Med · November 2017 BACKGROUND: Research using the Veterans Health Administration (VA) electronic medical records (EMR) has been limited by a lack of reliable smoking data. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of using VA EMR "Health Factors" data to determine smoking status a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cigarette Smoking and Musculoskeletal Pain Severity Among Male and Female Afghanistan/Iraq Era Veterans.

Journal Article Pain Med · September 1, 2017 OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system users. These conditions frequently co-occur; however, there is limited empirical information specific to Afghanistan/Iraq era v ... Full text Link to item Cite

Veterans Living with HIV: A High-Risk Group for Cigarette Smoking.

Journal Article AIDS Behav · July 2017 The Veterans Health Administration is the largest U.S. medical provider for persons living with HIV (PLHIV). Although HIV and veteran status are known risk factors for smoking, there are no population estimates of smoking prevalence among veteran PLHIV. Us ... Full text Link to item Cite

Daily associations between PTSD, drinking, and self-appraised alcohol-related problems.

Journal Article Psychol Addict Behav · February 2017 Alcohol dependence (AD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly comorbid, yet limited research has focused on PTSD and daily drinking as they relate to self-appraised alcohol-related problems. In treatment contexts, patients' appraisals of alco ... Full text Link to item Cite

A Preliminary Investigation of a Relapse Prevention Mobile Application to Maintain Smoking Abstinence Among Individuals With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Journal Article J Dual Diagn · 2017 OBJECTIVES: Smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have increased difficulty achieving and maintaining abstinence. Contingency management approaches to smoking cessation interventions have demonstrated short-term efficacy but are limited by high ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sociocultural discourse in science: Flawed assumptions and bias in the CLASH model.

Journal Article Behav Brain Sci · January 2017 In this commentary, we contest Van Lange and colleagues' central claim that "countries closer to the equator are generally more violent." We point to the lack of credible empirical evidence for this assertion and suggest that the CLASH model uses the langu ... Full text Link to item Cite

A nurse-delivered mental health intervention for obstetric fistula patients in Tanzania: results of a pilot randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article Pilot Feasibility Stud · 2017 BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula has severe psychological consequences, but no evidence-based interventions exist to improve mental health in this population. This pilot trial evaluated a psychological intervention for women receiving surgical care for obstet ... Full text Link to item Cite

Neurobehavioral consequences of mild traumatic brain injury in military service members and veterans

Chapter · January 1, 2017 Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a continuing concern for military treatment facilities operated by the Department of Defense (DoD), the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), and civilian health care providers who deliver services to U.S. active duty servic ... Full text Cite

Diet quality is associated with mental health, social support, and neighborhood factors among Veterans.

Journal Article Eat Behav · December 2016 United States Veterans have a higher prevalence of overweight and related chronic conditions compared to the general population. Although diet is a primary and modifiable contributor to these conditions, little is known about factors influencing diet quali ... Full text Link to item Cite

Minority stress is longitudinally associated with alcohol-related problems among sexual minority women.

Journal Article Addict Behav · October 2016 Compared to sexual minority men and heterosexual women, sexual minority women report elevated alcohol use in young adulthood. Heavy alcohol use and alcohol use disorders disproportionately affect sexual minority women across the lifespan, yet there is limi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Racial and Sociodemographic Disparities in Internet Access and eHealth Intervention Utilization Among Veteran Smokers.

Journal Article J Racial Ethn Health Disparities · September 15, 2016 INTRODUCTION: Access to the internet at home may be an important barrier to electronic health (eHealth) smoking cessation interventions. The current study explored possible sociodemographic disparities in access to the internet at home among veteran smoker ... Full text Link to item Cite

Abstinence Reinforcement Therapy (ART) for rural veterans: Methodology for an mHealth smoking cessation intervention.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · September 2016 INTRODUCTION: Smoking is the most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in U.S. veterans. Rural veterans in particular have elevated risk for smoking and smoking-related illness. However, these veterans underutilize smoking cessation treatment, whic ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sexual Assault and Heavy Episodic Drinking Among Women of Asian/Pacific Islander Ancestry and Women of European Ancestry

Journal Article Psychology of Women Quarterly · September 1, 2016 Sexual assault prevalence rates differ by ethnicity, and there is little research on sexual assault among women of Asian/Pacific Islander ancestry, compared to women of European ancestry. In the current online study, we examined heavy episodic drinking, ra ... Full text Cite

Psychological Symptoms and Social Functioning Following Repair of Obstetric Fistula in a Low-Income Setting.

Journal Article Matern Child Health J · May 2016 Objectives Obstetric fistula is a maternal injury that causes uncontrollable leaking of urine or stool, and most women who develop it live in poverty in low-income countries. Obstetric fistula is associated with high rates of stigma and psychological morbi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Experiences of social support among women presenting for obstetric fistula repair surgery in Tanzania.

Journal Article Int J Womens Health · 2016 OBJECTIVE: An obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury resulting in uncontrollable leakage of urine and/or feces and can lead to physical and psychological challenges, including social isolation. Prior to and after fistula repair surgery, social support ca ... Full text Link to item Cite

Psychological Symptoms Among Obstetric Fistula Patients Compared to Gynecology Outpatients in Tanzania.

Journal Article Int J Behav Med · October 2015 BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa that causes uncontrollable leaking of urine and/or feces. Research has documented the social and psychological sequelae of obstetric fistula, including mental health dysfu ... Full text Link to item Cite

Development of an intervention to improve mental health for obstetric fistula patients in Tanzania.

Journal Article Eval Program Plann · June 2015 Obstetric fistula is a debilitating childbirth injury that has been associated with high rates of psychological distress. Global efforts have helped to link women to surgical repair, but thus far no evidence-based interventions exist to address the psychol ... Full text Link to item Cite

Do ethnicity and gender moderate the influence of posttraumatic stress disorder on time to smoking lapse?

Journal Article Addict Behav · July 2014 BACKGROUND: Following a smoking cessation attempt, smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) experience smoking relapse at a higher and faster rate. Black ethnicity and female gender are also associated with lower success rates following smoking ce ... Full text Link to item Cite

The role of daily hassles and distress tolerance in predicting cigarette craving during a quit attempt.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · June 2014 INTRODUCTION: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) has shown that smoking behavior is linked to transient variables in the smoker's immediate context. Such research suggests that daily hassles (e.g., losing one's keys) may be more likely to lead to cigare ... Full text Link to item Cite

Gender moderates the influence of psychosocial factors and drug use on HAART adherence in the context of HIV and childhood sexual abuse.

Journal Article AIDS Care · 2014 This study aimed to examine gender moderation within a stress and coping model of HIV medication adherence in adults with a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). Sequelae of CSA, including negative coping, psychological distress, and drug use, interfere ... Full text Link to item Cite

Religious coping among women with obstetric fistula in Tanzania.

Journal Article Glob Public Health · 2014 Religion is an important aspect of Tanzanian culture, and is often used to cope with adversity and distress. This study aimed to examine religious coping among women with obstetric fistulae. Fifty-four women receiving fistula repair at a Tanzanian hospital ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictors of lapse in first week of smoking abstinence in PTSD and non-PTSD smokers.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · June 2013 INTRODUCTION: Retrospective research suggests smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) lapse more quickly after their quit date. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research is needed to confirm the presence of early smoking lapse in PTSD and fo ... Full text Link to item Cite

Consumer perspectives on genetic testing for psychiatric disorders: the attitudes of veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and their families.

Journal Article Genet Test Mol Biomarkers · September 2012 The perspectives of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on genetic research have not yet been investigated in the genetics research literature. To provide a basis for research on attitudes toward genetic research in PTSD, we surveyed the U.S ... Full text Link to item Cite

Public health clinical demonstration project for smoking cessation in american veterans who served since september 11, 2001.

Journal Article J Addict Med · March 2011 OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this clinical demonstration project was to increase the reach of effective treatments, such as pharmacotherapy and telephone or web-based support, by offering these treatments in a low cost and convenient manner to a population of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Public health clinical demonstration project for smoking cessation in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article Addict Behav · January 2010 Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder are at high risk for smoking and experience difficulty with smoking cessation. We designed this clinical demonstration project to provide a low-cost, feasibly implemented smoking cessation intervention that would ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ad lib smoking in post-traumatic stress disorder: an electronic diary study.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · July 2008 Using ambulatory methods for 1 week of monitoring, this study investigated the association between smoking and situational cues in 22 smokers with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 23 smokers without PTSD. Generalized estimating equations contraste ... Full text Link to item Cite