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Taewoong Choi

Assistant Professor of Medicine
Medicine, Hematologic Malignancies and Cellular Therapy
DUMC Box 3961, Durham, NC 27710
2400 Pratt St Suite 5000, DUMC Box 3961, Durham, NC 27710

Selected Publications


Financial Toxicity and Quality of Life in Patients Undergoing Stem-Cell Transplant Evaluation: A Single-Center Analysis.

Conference JCO Oncol Pract · March 2024 PURPOSE: We investigated the prevalence of financial toxicity in a population undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) evaluation and measured its impact on post-transplant clinical and health-related quality-of-life outcomes. MATERIALS AND METH ... Full text Link to item Cite

Idecabtagene Vicleucel (ide-cel) Versus Standard (std) Regimens in Patients (pts) with Triple-Class-Exposed (TCE) Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma (RRMM): Analysis of Cytopenias and Infections in Pts from KarMMa-3

Conference Blood · November 2, 2023 IntroductionIn the KarMMa-3 trial (NCT03651128), ide-cel, a BCMA-directed CAR T cell therapy (Tx), significantly improved median progression-free survival (13.3 vs 4.4 mo, HR 0.49, P &am ... Full text Cite

A Phase I Trial of SYK Inhibition with Fostamatinib in the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · March 2023 Despite the exciting advancement of novel therapies, chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) remains the most common cause of non-relapse mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT). Frontline treatment of cGVHD involves syst ... Full text Link to item Cite

Geriatric Assessment Reveals Actionable Impairments in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Candidates Age 18 to 80 Years.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · August 2022 Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is a potentially curative treatment for both malignant and nonmalignant hematologic diseases; however, reported rates of treatment-related mortality approach 30%. Outcomes are worse in patients who b ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between Cholesterol Level and the Risk of Hematologic Malignancy According to Menopausal Status: A Korean Nationwide Cohort Study.

Journal Article Biomedicines · July 6, 2022 Recent studies have revealed the possible association between serum cholesterol levels and hematologic malignancy (HM). However, limited information is available about how reproductive factors interact with this association. Therefore, we investigated the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between Kidney Function, Proteinuria and the Risk of Multiple Myeloma: A Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study in South Korea.

Journal Article Cancer Res Treat · July 2022 PURPOSE: While renal impairment is one of the first clinical manifestations of multiple myeloma (MM), declined renal function may conversely be a risk factor for cancers including MM. In this study, we investigated the relationship between chronic kidney d ... Full text Link to item Cite

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for multiple myeloma.

Journal Article Pharmacol Ther · April 2022 Although treatment outcomes of multiple myeloma patients have improved significantly during the last two decades, myeloma is still an incurable disease. There are newly emerging immunotherapies to treat multiple myeloma including monoclonal antibodies, ant ... Full text Link to item Cite

Home-Based Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in the United States.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · April 2022 Patients undergoing allogeneic (allo) and autologous (auto) hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) require extensive hospitalizations or daily clinic visits for the duration of their transplantation. Home HCT, wherein patients live at home and providers ... Full text Link to item Cite

Associations between Alcohol Consumption Patterns and Risk of Multiple Myeloma: A Nationwide Cohort Study in South Korea.

Journal Article Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev · March 1, 2022 BACKGROUND: Among the potential modifiable risk factors, the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of multiple myeloma remains controversial. We investigated the effects of weekly average alcohol consumption and drinking pattern on the risk ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cognitive impairment in candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Conference Bone Marrow Transplant · January 2022 Hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) is an increasingly common and curative treatment strategy to improve survival among individuals with malignant and nonmalignant diseases, with over one million HCTs having been performed worldwide. Neurocognitive dysfunc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Anaplastic Multiple Myeloma: Case Series and Literature Review.

Journal Article Asploro journal of biomedical and clinical case reports · January 2022 BackgroundAnaplastic multiple myeloma (AMM) is a very rare but distinct subtype of multiple myeloma (MM) with an extremely poor prognosis. Due to its rarity, AMM lacks detailed descriptions and clear definitions. Moreover, there is no consensus on ... Full text Cite

Safety, Tolerability, PK/PD and Preliminary Efficacy of NKTR-255, a Novel IL-15 Receptor Agonist, in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Hematologic Malignancies

Conference Blood · November 5, 2021 AbstractIntroduction: NKTR-255, an investigational novel polymer-conjugated recombinant human interleukin (IL)-15 agonist, maintains the full spectrum of IL-15 biology and provides ... Full text Cite

Obesity-Independent Association between Glycemic Status and the Risk of Hematologic Malignancy: A Nationwide Population-Based Longitudinal Cohort Study.

Journal Article Cancers (Basel) · September 23, 2021 There have been conflicting results regarding the association between diabetes and the risk of hematologic malignancies, and its interaction with obesity is unknown. This study determined the risk of hematologic malignancies according to the glycemic statu ... Full text Link to item Cite

Female Sex Is Associated with Improved Long-Term Survival Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · September 2021 Life expectancy for long-term survivors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT), defined as those living ≥5 years post-transplantation, is significantly lower compared with that of the age-matched general population despite a relat ... Full text Link to item Cite

Decreased Mortality in 1-Year Survivors of Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant vs. Matched Related or Matched Unrelated Donor Transplant in Patients with Hematologic Malignancies.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · August 2021 Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) has the potential to cure hematologic malignancies but is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Although deaths during the first year after transplantation are often attributable to tr ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Association between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level and risk of hematologic malignancy.

Journal Article Leukemia · May 2021 This study investigated the relationships between HDL-C and major types of blood cancers. Competing risks regression was used to examine the hazard ratios of hematologic malignancies in 9,596,145 individuals (≥20 years) using data from the Korean National ... Full text Link to item Cite

Chlorhexidine Gluconate Bathing Reduces the Incidence of Bloodstream Infections in Adults Undergoing Inpatient Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · March 2021 Bloodstream infections (BSIs) occur in 20% to 45% of inpatient autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) patients. Daily bathing with the antiseptic chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) has been shown to reduce the incidence of BSIs in critica ... Full text Link to item Cite

Financial Toxicity and Quality of Life in Patients Undergoing Stem-Cell Transplant Evaluation: A Single-Center Analysis.

Conference JCO Oncol Pract · March 2024 PURPOSE: We investigated the prevalence of financial toxicity in a population undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) evaluation and measured its impact on post-transplant clinical and health-related quality-of-life outcomes. MATERIALS AND METH ... Full text Link to item Cite

Idecabtagene Vicleucel (ide-cel) Versus Standard (std) Regimens in Patients (pts) with Triple-Class-Exposed (TCE) Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma (RRMM): Analysis of Cytopenias and Infections in Pts from KarMMa-3

Conference Blood · November 2, 2023 IntroductionIn the KarMMa-3 trial (NCT03651128), ide-cel, a BCMA-directed CAR T cell therapy (Tx), significantly improved median progression-free survival (13.3 vs 4.4 mo, HR 0.49, P &am ... Full text Cite

A Phase I Trial of SYK Inhibition with Fostamatinib in the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · March 2023 Despite the exciting advancement of novel therapies, chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) remains the most common cause of non-relapse mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT). Frontline treatment of cGVHD involves syst ... Full text Link to item Cite

Geriatric Assessment Reveals Actionable Impairments in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Candidates Age 18 to 80 Years.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · August 2022 Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is a potentially curative treatment for both malignant and nonmalignant hematologic diseases; however, reported rates of treatment-related mortality approach 30%. Outcomes are worse in patients who b ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between Cholesterol Level and the Risk of Hematologic Malignancy According to Menopausal Status: A Korean Nationwide Cohort Study.

Journal Article Biomedicines · July 6, 2022 Recent studies have revealed the possible association between serum cholesterol levels and hematologic malignancy (HM). However, limited information is available about how reproductive factors interact with this association. Therefore, we investigated the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between Kidney Function, Proteinuria and the Risk of Multiple Myeloma: A Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study in South Korea.

Journal Article Cancer Res Treat · July 2022 PURPOSE: While renal impairment is one of the first clinical manifestations of multiple myeloma (MM), declined renal function may conversely be a risk factor for cancers including MM. In this study, we investigated the relationship between chronic kidney d ... Full text Link to item Cite

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for multiple myeloma.

Journal Article Pharmacol Ther · April 2022 Although treatment outcomes of multiple myeloma patients have improved significantly during the last two decades, myeloma is still an incurable disease. There are newly emerging immunotherapies to treat multiple myeloma including monoclonal antibodies, ant ... Full text Link to item Cite

Home-Based Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in the United States.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · April 2022 Patients undergoing allogeneic (allo) and autologous (auto) hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) require extensive hospitalizations or daily clinic visits for the duration of their transplantation. Home HCT, wherein patients live at home and providers ... Full text Link to item Cite

Associations between Alcohol Consumption Patterns and Risk of Multiple Myeloma: A Nationwide Cohort Study in South Korea.

Journal Article Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev · March 1, 2022 BACKGROUND: Among the potential modifiable risk factors, the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of multiple myeloma remains controversial. We investigated the effects of weekly average alcohol consumption and drinking pattern on the risk ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cognitive impairment in candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Conference Bone Marrow Transplant · January 2022 Hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) is an increasingly common and curative treatment strategy to improve survival among individuals with malignant and nonmalignant diseases, with over one million HCTs having been performed worldwide. Neurocognitive dysfunc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Anaplastic Multiple Myeloma: Case Series and Literature Review.

Journal Article Asploro journal of biomedical and clinical case reports · January 2022 BackgroundAnaplastic multiple myeloma (AMM) is a very rare but distinct subtype of multiple myeloma (MM) with an extremely poor prognosis. Due to its rarity, AMM lacks detailed descriptions and clear definitions. Moreover, there is no consensus on ... Full text Cite

Safety, Tolerability, PK/PD and Preliminary Efficacy of NKTR-255, a Novel IL-15 Receptor Agonist, in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Hematologic Malignancies

Conference Blood · November 5, 2021 AbstractIntroduction: NKTR-255, an investigational novel polymer-conjugated recombinant human interleukin (IL)-15 agonist, maintains the full spectrum of IL-15 biology and provides ... Full text Cite

Obesity-Independent Association between Glycemic Status and the Risk of Hematologic Malignancy: A Nationwide Population-Based Longitudinal Cohort Study.

Journal Article Cancers (Basel) · September 23, 2021 There have been conflicting results regarding the association between diabetes and the risk of hematologic malignancies, and its interaction with obesity is unknown. This study determined the risk of hematologic malignancies according to the glycemic statu ... Full text Link to item Cite

Female Sex Is Associated with Improved Long-Term Survival Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · September 2021 Life expectancy for long-term survivors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT), defined as those living ≥5 years post-transplantation, is significantly lower compared with that of the age-matched general population despite a relat ... Full text Link to item Cite

Decreased Mortality in 1-Year Survivors of Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant vs. Matched Related or Matched Unrelated Donor Transplant in Patients with Hematologic Malignancies.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · August 2021 Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) has the potential to cure hematologic malignancies but is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Although deaths during the first year after transplantation are often attributable to tr ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Association between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level and risk of hematologic malignancy.

Journal Article Leukemia · May 2021 This study investigated the relationships between HDL-C and major types of blood cancers. Competing risks regression was used to examine the hazard ratios of hematologic malignancies in 9,596,145 individuals (≥20 years) using data from the Korean National ... Full text Link to item Cite

Chlorhexidine Gluconate Bathing Reduces the Incidence of Bloodstream Infections in Adults Undergoing Inpatient Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · March 2021 Bloodstream infections (BSIs) occur in 20% to 45% of inpatient autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) patients. Daily bathing with the antiseptic chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) has been shown to reduce the incidence of BSIs in critica ... Full text Link to item Cite

Assessing the Feasibility of a Novel mHealth App in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients.

Journal Article Transplant Cell Ther · February 2021 Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is a curative treatment option for patients with hematologic conditions but presents many complications that must be managed as a complex, chronic condition. Mobile health applications (mHealth apps) may permit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Lipid Level, Lipid Variability, and Risk of Multiple Myeloma: A Nationwide Population-Based Study of 3,527,776 Subjects.

Journal Article Cancers (Basel) · January 31, 2021 (1) Background: There is evidence that abnormality in lipid metabolism promotes cancer development. This study investigated whether lipid level and its variability are associated with the development of MM at a population level. (2) Methods: A retrospectiv ... Full text Link to item Cite

A phase 2 trial of the somatostatin analog pasireotide to prevent GI toxicity and acute GVHD in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2021 BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is an often curative intent treatment, however it is associated with significant gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity and treatment related mortality. Graft-versus-host disease is a significant ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical and Neuroimaging Correlates of Post-Transplant Delirium.

Journal Article Biol Blood Marrow Transplant · December 2020 Delirium is common among adults undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT), although the clinical and neuroimaging correlates of post-HCT delirium have not been adequately delineated. We therefore examined the frequency of delirium and neuroi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Female Gender Is Associated with Improved Long-Term Survival Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant

Conference Blood · November 5, 2020 Introduction: Life expectancy for long-term survivors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HCT) is significantly lower compared to that of the age-matched general population, despite a relatively low primary disease relapse rate & ... Full text Cite

Phase II Trial of Pasireotide to Prevent GI Toxicity and Acute Gvhd in Allogeneic HSCT

Conference BIOLOGY OF BLOOD AND MARROW TRANSPLANTATION · March 1, 2020 Link to item Cite

Pre-transplant hepatic steatosis (fatty liver) is associated with chronic graft-vs-host disease but not mortality.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2020 Allogeneic-HCT (allo-HCT), while potentially curative, can result in significant complications including graft versus host disease (GVHD). Prior studies suggest that metabolic syndrome may be one risk factor for GVHD. We hypothesized that hepatic steatosis ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pre-Transplant Hepatic Steatosis (fatty liver) Predicts Chronic Graft-Vs-Host Disease but Does Not Affect Mortality

Conference Blood · November 13, 2019 Introduction: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HCT) remains the only curative treatment for many hematologic conditions. However, significant mortality risk and risk of severe graft-vs-host disease (GvHD) limit its usefulness. So ... Full text Cite

Decreased Mortality after the First Year of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant in Recipients of Umbilical Cord Blood Vs. Matched Related or Matched Unrelated Donors

Conference Blood · November 13, 2019 Introduction: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) provides a potential cure for a multitude of diseases but can result in high rates of morbidity and mortality. These outcomes have been associated with donor choice, with u ... Full text Cite

Geriatric Assessment Identifies Impairments in Younger Candidates for Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Conference Blood · November 13, 2019 Introduction: Geriatric assessment (GA) is a multidimensional evaluation of patient health and function that may detect impairments not identified as part of routine care, predict treatment-related morbidity and mortality, and inform treatment plan ... Full text Cite

Daily Chlorhexidine Gluconate Bathing Reduces the Rate of Bloodstream Infections in Adults Undergoing Inpatient Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Conference Blood · November 13, 2019 Introduction: While hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has great therapeutic potential, intensive conditioning regimens and variability in time to stem cell engraftment result in a period of pancytopenia and immunosuppression in which p ... Full text Cite

Is autologous stem cell transplantation still relevant for multiple myeloma?

Journal Article Curr Opin Hematol · November 2019 PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autologous stem cell transplantation has been the standard of care in myeloma treatment for many years, but the availability of newer antimyeloma drugs and the emerging data from chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell clinical studies ma ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ly49-dependent NK cell licensing and effector inhibition involve the same interaction site on MHC ligands.

Journal Article J Immunol · April 1, 2011 NK cells become functionally competent to be triggered by their activation receptors through the interaction of NK cell inhibitory receptors with their cognate self-MHC ligands, an MHC-dependent educational process termed "licensing." For example, Ly49A(+) ... Full text Link to item Cite

Interaction sites on H2Dd for Ly49A‐dependent natural killer (NK) cell licensing

Conference The FASEB Journal · March 1, 2008 NK cells become functionally competent through the interaction of NK cell inhibitory receptors with their cognate self‐MHC ligands, a process termed “licensing.” Licensed NK cells express self‐MHC‐specific receptors and can be triggered through their activ ... Full text Cite

HLA alleles determine differences in human natural killer cell responsiveness and potency

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences · February 26, 2008 Epidemiological studies have associated certain human disease outcomes with particular killer cell Ig-like receptor (KIR) and HLA genotypes. However, the functional explanation for these associations is poorly understood, because the K ... Full text Cite