Pain is a multidimensional sensory and emotional experience that is important for our survival, but once pain becomes chronic it is no longer beneficial and, instead, becomes a disorder in and of itself. Chronic pain remains one of our nation’s most significant healthcare problems due to a limited understanding of the underlying genetic and environmental factors. There are three main objectives of our lab’s research in this area:
- To determine the factors that put some people, but not others, at risk for maladaptive chronic pain conditions. To achieve this objective, we study genetic, biological, and environmental factors associated with the initial onset of pain as well as its severity and duration. In addition, we are beginning to study factors associated with patient-centered outcomes, which may have the power to predict optimal management strategies for different individuals.
- To elucidate the mechanism(s) whereby genetic, biological, and environmental factors drive chronic pain. To achieve this objective, we integrate molecular genetics, animal models, and clinical epidemiologic measures in order to reveal pathogenic processes that are unique to as well as common across a particular condition or individual(s). This line of inquiry will provide novel targets for the development of individualized therapeutics for the management of chronic pain.
- To improve pharmacologic management of pain. To achieve this objective, we conduct pre-clinical studies to test the efficacy of new compounds and to optimize the efficacy of existing compounds in patient-relevant animal models.