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Jana Schaich Borg

Associate Research Professor in the Social Science Research Institute
Social Science Research Institute

Selected Publications

Four investment areas for ethical AI: Transdisciplinary opportunities to close the publication-to-practice gap

Journal Article Big Data and Society · January 1, 2021 Big Data and Artificial Intelligence have a symbiotic relationship. Artificial Intelligence needs to be trained on Big Data to be accurate, and Big Data's value is largely realized through its use by Artificial Intelligence. As a result, Big Data and Artif ... Full text Cite

Disgust Theory Through the Lens of Psychiatric Medicine

Journal Article Clinical Psychological Science · January 1, 2020 The elicitors of disgust are heterogeneous, which makes attributing one function to disgust challenging. Theorists have proposed that disgust solves multiple adaptive problems and comprises multiple functional domains. However, theories conflict with regar ... Full text Cite

When Do People Want AI to Make Decisions?

Conference AIES 2018 - Proceedings of the 2018 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society · December 27, 2018 AI systems are now or will soon be sophisticated enough to make consequential decisions. Although this technology has flourished, we also need public appraisals of AI systems playing these more important roles. This article reports surveys of preferences f ... Full text Cite

Rat intersubjective decisions are encoded by frequency-specific oscillatory contexts.

Journal Article Brain Behav · June 2017 INTRODUCTION: It is unknown how the brain coordinates decisions to withstand personal costs in order to prevent other individuals' distress. Here we test whether local field potential (LFP) oscillations between brain regions create "neural contexts" that s ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Distinct neuronal patterns of positive and negative moral processing in psychopathy.

Journal Article Cognitive, affective & behavioral neuroscience · December 2016 Psychopathy is a disorder characterized by severe and frequent moral violations in multiple domains of life. Numerous studies have shown psychopathy-related limbic brain abnormalities during moral processing; however, these studies only examined negatively ... Full text Cite

Abnormal fronto-limbic engagement in incarcerated stimulant users during moral processing.

Journal Article Psychopharmacology · September 2016 RationaleStimulant use is a significant and prevalent problem, particularly in criminal populations. Previous studies found that cocaine and methamphetamine use is related to impairment in identifying emotions and empathy. Stimulant users also hav ... Full text Cite

Localization of Metal Electrodes in the Intact Rat Brain Using Registration of 3D Microcomputed Tomography Images to a Magnetic Resonance Histology Atlas.

Journal Article eNeuro · 2015 Simultaneous neural recordings taken from multiple areas of the rodent brain are garnering growing interest due to the insight they can provide about spatially distributed neural circuitry. The promise of such recordings has inspired great progress in meth ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

A scalable app for measuring autism risk behaviors in young children: A technical validity and feasibility study

Journal Article Proceedings of the 5th EAI International Conference on Wireless Mobile Communication and Healthcare · 2015 Link to item Cite

Subcomponents of psychopathy have opposing correlations with punishment judgments.

Journal Article Journal of personality and social psychology · October 2013 Psychopathy research is plagued by an enigma: Psychopaths reliably act immorally, but they also accurately report whether an action is morally wrong. The current study revealed that cooperative suppressor effects and conflicting subsets of personality trai ... Full text Cite

Neural basis of moral verdict and moral deliberation.

Journal Article Social neuroscience · January 2011 How people judge something to be morally right or wrong is a fundamental question of both the sciences and the humanities. Here we aim to identify the neural processes that underlie the specific conclusion that something is morally wrong. To do this, we in ... Full text Cite

Sleep and metabolism: role of hypothalamic neuronal circuitry.

Journal Article Best practice & research. Clinical endocrinology & metabolism · October 2010 Sleep and metabolism are intertwined physiologically and behaviorally, but the neural systems underlying their coordination are still poorly understood. The hypothalamus is likely to play a major role in the regulation sleep, metabolism, and their interact ... Full text Cite

The brain hypocretins and their receptors: mediators of allostatic arousal.

Journal Article Current opinion in pharmacology · February 2009 The hypocretins (abbreviated 'Hcrts' - also called 'orexins') are two neuropeptides secreted exclusively by a small population of neurons in the lateral hypothalamus. These peptides bind to two receptors located throughout the brain in nuclei associated wi ... Full text Cite

Infection, incest, and iniquity: investigating the neural correlates of disgust and morality.

Journal Article Journal of cognitive neuroscience · September 2008 Disgust, an emotion related to avoiding harmful substances, has been linked to moral judgments in many behavioral studies. However, the fact that participants report feelings of disgust when thinking about feces and a heinous crime does not necessarily ind ... Full text Cite

Motor experience with graspable objects reduces their implicit analysis in visual- and motor-related cortex.

Journal Article Brain research · June 2006 Motor-related regions of parietal and prefrontal cortices have been shown to selectively activate when observers passively view objects that afford manual grasping. Yet, it remains unknown whether these cortical responses depend on prior motor-related expe ... Full text Cite

Consequences, action, and intention as factors in moral judgments: an FMRI investigation.

Journal Article Journal of cognitive neuroscience · May 2006 The traditional philosophical doctrines of Consequentialism, Doing and Allowing, and Double Effect prescribe that moral judgments and decisions should be based on consequences, action (as opposed to inaction), and intention. This study uses functional magn ... Full text Cite

On the relationship between LFP & spiking data

Conference One of the goals of neuroscience is to identify neural networks that correlate with important behaviors, environments, or genotypes. This work proposes a strategy for identifying neural networks characterized by time- and frequency-dependent connectivity p ... Cite

Analysis of brain states from multi-region LFP time-series

Conference The local field potential (LFP) is a source of information about the broad patterns of brain activity, and the frequencies present in these time-series measurements are often highly correlated between regions. It is believed that these regions may jointly ... Cite

Moral Decision Making Frameworks for Artificial Intelligence

Conference The generality of decision and game theory has enabled domain-independent progress in AI research. For example, a better algorithm for finding good policies in (PO)MDPs can be instantly used in a variety of applications. But such a general theory is lackin ... Cite