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Cindy Van Dover

Harvey W. Smith Distinguished Professor of Biological Oceanography in the Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences
Marine Science and Conservation
135 Duke Marine Lab Rd, Beaufort, NC 28516

Selected Publications


An atlas of protected hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Marine Policy · October 1, 2019 Active hydrothermal vents are valued worldwide because of the importance of their biodiversity and their influence on scientific discovery and insight about life on Earth and elsewhere in the Universe. There exist at least 20 areas and area networks with c ... Full text Open Access Cite

Ecological risk assessment for deep-sea mining

Journal Article Ocean and Coastal Management · June 15, 2019 Ecological risk assessment for deep-sea mining is challenging, given the data-poor state of knowledge of deep-sea ecosystem structure, process, and vulnerability. Polling and a scale-intensity-consequence approach (SICA) were used in an expert elicitation ... Full text Open Access Cite

Amplicon sequencing of 42 nuclear loci supports directional gene flow between South Pacific populations of a hydrothermal vent limpet.

Journal Article Ecology and evolution · June 2019 In the past few decades, population genetics and phylogeographic studies have improved our knowledge of connectivity and population demography in marine environments. Studies of deep-sea hydrothermal vent populations have identified barriers to gene flow, ... Full text Open Access Cite

Population genetic differentiation of the hydrothermal vent crab Austinograea alayseae (Crustacea: Bythograeidae) in the Southwest Pacific Ocean.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2019 To understand the origin, migration, and distribution of organisms across disjunct deep-sea vent habitats, previous studies have documented the population genetic structures of widely distributed fauna, such as gastropods, bivalves, barnacles, and squat lo ... Full text Open Access Cite

Inactive sulfide ecosystems in the deep sea: A review

Journal Article Frontiers in Marine Science · January 1, 2019 Polymetallic seafloor massive sulfides that are no longer hydrothermally active are a target for an emergent deep-sea mining industry, but the paucity of ecological studies and environmental baselines for inactive sulfide ecosystems makes environmental man ... Full text Open Access Cite

A strategy for the conservation of biodiversity on mid-ocean ridges from deep-sea mining.

Journal Article Science advances · July 2018 Mineral exploitation has spread from land to shallow coastal waters and is now planned for the offshore, deep seabed. Large seafloor areas are being approved for exploration for seafloor mineral deposits, creating an urgent need for regional environmental ... Full text Open Access Cite

Corrigendum: Deep-sea mining with no net loss of biodiversity-An impossible aim [Front. Mar. Sci., 5, (2018) (53)] DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00053

Journal Article Frontiers in Marine Science · June 13, 2018 The terms "offset" and "reef balls" appear in the reference given in our paper, "International Marine Mitigation Bank" (IMMB, 2017), but our referencing is not precise. The following clarifications better direct readers to discussions held in relation to c ... Full text Open Access Cite

SCIENTIFIC RATIONALE AND INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS FOR PROTECTION OF ACTIVE HYDROTHERMAL VENT ECOSYSTEMS FROM DEEP-SEA MINING

Journal Article Marine Policy · April 1, 2018 There is increasing interest in mining minerals on the seabed, including seafloor massive sulfide deposits that form at hydrothermal vents. The International Seabed Authority is currently drafting a Mining Code, including environmental regulations, for pol ... Full text Open Access Cite

Deep-sea mining with no net loss of biodiversity-an impossible aim

Journal Article Frontiers in Marine Science · March 1, 2018 Deep-sea mining is likely to result in biodiversity loss, and the significance of this to ecosystem function is not known. "Out of kind" biodiversity offsets substituting one ecosystem type (e.g.,coral reefs) for another (e.g., abyssal nodule fields) have ... Full text Cite

Characterization of methane-seep communities in a deep-sea area designated for oil and natural gas exploitation off Trinidad and Tobago

Journal Article Frontiers in Marine Science · October 30, 2017 Exploration of the deep ocean (>200 m) is taking on added importance as human development encroaches. Despite increasing oil and natural gas exploration and exploitation, the deep ocean of Trinidad and Tobago is almost entirely unknown. The only scientific ... Full text Open Access Cite

A procedural framework for robust environmental management of deep-sea mining projects using a conceptual model

Journal Article Marine Policy · October 1, 2017 Robust environmental management of deep-sea mining projects must be integrated into the planning and execution of mining operations, and developed concurrently. It should follow a framework indicating the environmental management-related activities necessa ... Full text Cite

Stakeholder perspectives on the importance of rare-species research for deep-sea environmental management

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers · July 1, 2017 The apparent prevalence of rare species (rarity) in the deep sea is a concern for environmental management and conservation of biodiversity. Rare species are often considered at risk of extinction and, in terrestrial and shallow water environments, have be ... Full text Cite

Biodiversity loss from deep-sea mining

Journal Article Nature Geoscience · July 1, 2017 Full text Open Access Cite

Opinion: Telepresence is a potentially transformative tool for field science.

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · May 2017 Full text Cite

SyPRID sampler: A large-volume, high-resolution, autonomous, deep-ocean precision plankton sampling system

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography · March 1, 2017 The current standard for large-volume (thousands of cubic meters) zooplankton sampling in the deep sea is the MOCNESS, a system of multiple opening–closing nets, typically lowered to within 50 m of the seabed and towed obliquely to the surface to obtain lo ... Full text Cite

Gene flow between Atlantic and Pacific Ocean basins in three lineages of deep-sea clams (Bivalvia: Vesicomyidae: Pliocardiinae) and subsequent limited gene flow within the Atlantic

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography · March 1, 2017 Pliocardiin (vesicomyid) clams rely on microbial symbionts for nutrition and are obligate inhabitants of deep-sea chemosynthetic ecosystems. Unlike many other invertebrate hosts of chemosynthetic microbes, pliocardiin clams are found in every ocean in a va ... Full text Cite

An ecosystem-based deep-ocean strategy.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · February 2017 Full text Open Access Cite

Population structure of Bathymodiolus manusensis, a deep-sea hydrothermal vent-dependent mussel from Manus Basin, Papua New Guinea.

Journal Article PeerJ · January 2017 Deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the western Pacific are increasingly being assessed for their potential mineral wealth. To anticipate the potential impacts on biodiversity and connectivity among populations at these vents, environmental baselines need to be ... Full text Cite

Defining “serious harm” to the marine environment in the context of deep-seabed mining

Journal Article Marine Policy · December 1, 2016 Increasing interest in deep-seabed mining has raised many questions surrounding its potential environmental impacts and how to assess the impacts’ significance. Under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the International Seabed Au ... Full text Cite

An atlas of protected hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Marine Policy · October 1, 2019 Active hydrothermal vents are valued worldwide because of the importance of their biodiversity and their influence on scientific discovery and insight about life on Earth and elsewhere in the Universe. There exist at least 20 areas and area networks with c ... Full text Open Access Cite

Ecological risk assessment for deep-sea mining

Journal Article Ocean and Coastal Management · June 15, 2019 Ecological risk assessment for deep-sea mining is challenging, given the data-poor state of knowledge of deep-sea ecosystem structure, process, and vulnerability. Polling and a scale-intensity-consequence approach (SICA) were used in an expert elicitation ... Full text Open Access Cite

Amplicon sequencing of 42 nuclear loci supports directional gene flow between South Pacific populations of a hydrothermal vent limpet.

Journal Article Ecology and evolution · June 2019 In the past few decades, population genetics and phylogeographic studies have improved our knowledge of connectivity and population demography in marine environments. Studies of deep-sea hydrothermal vent populations have identified barriers to gene flow, ... Full text Open Access Cite

Population genetic differentiation of the hydrothermal vent crab Austinograea alayseae (Crustacea: Bythograeidae) in the Southwest Pacific Ocean.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2019 To understand the origin, migration, and distribution of organisms across disjunct deep-sea vent habitats, previous studies have documented the population genetic structures of widely distributed fauna, such as gastropods, bivalves, barnacles, and squat lo ... Full text Open Access Cite

Inactive sulfide ecosystems in the deep sea: A review

Journal Article Frontiers in Marine Science · January 1, 2019 Polymetallic seafloor massive sulfides that are no longer hydrothermally active are a target for an emergent deep-sea mining industry, but the paucity of ecological studies and environmental baselines for inactive sulfide ecosystems makes environmental man ... Full text Open Access Cite

A strategy for the conservation of biodiversity on mid-ocean ridges from deep-sea mining.

Journal Article Science advances · July 2018 Mineral exploitation has spread from land to shallow coastal waters and is now planned for the offshore, deep seabed. Large seafloor areas are being approved for exploration for seafloor mineral deposits, creating an urgent need for regional environmental ... Full text Open Access Cite

Corrigendum: Deep-sea mining with no net loss of biodiversity-An impossible aim [Front. Mar. Sci., 5, (2018) (53)] DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00053

Journal Article Frontiers in Marine Science · June 13, 2018 The terms "offset" and "reef balls" appear in the reference given in our paper, "International Marine Mitigation Bank" (IMMB, 2017), but our referencing is not precise. The following clarifications better direct readers to discussions held in relation to c ... Full text Open Access Cite

SCIENTIFIC RATIONALE AND INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS FOR PROTECTION OF ACTIVE HYDROTHERMAL VENT ECOSYSTEMS FROM DEEP-SEA MINING

Journal Article Marine Policy · April 1, 2018 There is increasing interest in mining minerals on the seabed, including seafloor massive sulfide deposits that form at hydrothermal vents. The International Seabed Authority is currently drafting a Mining Code, including environmental regulations, for pol ... Full text Open Access Cite

Deep-sea mining with no net loss of biodiversity-an impossible aim

Journal Article Frontiers in Marine Science · March 1, 2018 Deep-sea mining is likely to result in biodiversity loss, and the significance of this to ecosystem function is not known. "Out of kind" biodiversity offsets substituting one ecosystem type (e.g.,coral reefs) for another (e.g., abyssal nodule fields) have ... Full text Cite

Characterization of methane-seep communities in a deep-sea area designated for oil and natural gas exploitation off Trinidad and Tobago

Journal Article Frontiers in Marine Science · October 30, 2017 Exploration of the deep ocean (>200 m) is taking on added importance as human development encroaches. Despite increasing oil and natural gas exploration and exploitation, the deep ocean of Trinidad and Tobago is almost entirely unknown. The only scientific ... Full text Open Access Cite

A procedural framework for robust environmental management of deep-sea mining projects using a conceptual model

Journal Article Marine Policy · October 1, 2017 Robust environmental management of deep-sea mining projects must be integrated into the planning and execution of mining operations, and developed concurrently. It should follow a framework indicating the environmental management-related activities necessa ... Full text Cite

Stakeholder perspectives on the importance of rare-species research for deep-sea environmental management

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers · July 1, 2017 The apparent prevalence of rare species (rarity) in the deep sea is a concern for environmental management and conservation of biodiversity. Rare species are often considered at risk of extinction and, in terrestrial and shallow water environments, have be ... Full text Cite

Biodiversity loss from deep-sea mining

Journal Article Nature Geoscience · July 1, 2017 Full text Open Access Cite

Opinion: Telepresence is a potentially transformative tool for field science.

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · May 2017 Full text Cite

SyPRID sampler: A large-volume, high-resolution, autonomous, deep-ocean precision plankton sampling system

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography · March 1, 2017 The current standard for large-volume (thousands of cubic meters) zooplankton sampling in the deep sea is the MOCNESS, a system of multiple opening–closing nets, typically lowered to within 50 m of the seabed and towed obliquely to the surface to obtain lo ... Full text Cite

Gene flow between Atlantic and Pacific Ocean basins in three lineages of deep-sea clams (Bivalvia: Vesicomyidae: Pliocardiinae) and subsequent limited gene flow within the Atlantic

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography · March 1, 2017 Pliocardiin (vesicomyid) clams rely on microbial symbionts for nutrition and are obligate inhabitants of deep-sea chemosynthetic ecosystems. Unlike many other invertebrate hosts of chemosynthetic microbes, pliocardiin clams are found in every ocean in a va ... Full text Cite

An ecosystem-based deep-ocean strategy.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · February 2017 Full text Open Access Cite

Population structure of Bathymodiolus manusensis, a deep-sea hydrothermal vent-dependent mussel from Manus Basin, Papua New Guinea.

Journal Article PeerJ · January 2017 Deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the western Pacific are increasingly being assessed for their potential mineral wealth. To anticipate the potential impacts on biodiversity and connectivity among populations at these vents, environmental baselines need to be ... Full text Cite

Defining “serious harm” to the marine environment in the context of deep-seabed mining

Journal Article Marine Policy · December 1, 2016 Increasing interest in deep-seabed mining has raised many questions surrounding its potential environmental impacts and how to assess the impacts’ significance. Under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the International Seabed Au ... Full text Cite

Hyalinoecia artifex: Field notes on a charismatic and abundant epifaunal polychaete on the US Atlantic continental margin

Journal Article Invertebrate Biology · September 1, 2016 Hyalinoecia artifex is an abundant species on the US Atlantic margin, although little is known about its behavior, ecology, or reproduction. We provide field notes and high-resolution in situ imagery of this species observed and collected in 2013 and 2015. ... Full text Cite

Application of Biological Studies to Governance and Management of the Deep Sea

Chapter · March 8, 2016 Summary: The deep sea remains a frontier of biological exploration and characterization through mapping and sampling. Increasing access to and exploitation of deep-sea resources, combined with developing layers of governance and management, place us at a c ... Full text Cite

Hydrothermal vents and methane seeps: Rethinking the sphere of influence

Journal Article Frontiers in Marine Science · January 1, 2016 Although initially viewed as oases within a barren deep ocean, hydrothermal vents and methane seep chemosynthetic communities are now recognized to interact with surrounding ecosystems on the sea floor and in the water column, and to affect global geochemi ... Full text Cite

Effect of depth and vent fluid composition on the carbon sources at two neighboring deep-sea hydrothermal vent fields (Mid-Cayman Rise)

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers · October 1, 2015 In this study, we have used stable isotopes of megafauna, microbial mats and particulate organic matter to examine the effect of depth and vent fluid composition on the carbon sources at two proximal, chemically distinct hydrothermal vent fields along the ... Full text Cite

Sources of organic carbon for Rimicaris hybisae: Tracing individual fatty acids at two hydrothermal vent fields in the Mid-Cayman rise

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers · June 1, 2015 Hydrothermal vents harbor ecosystems mostly decoupled from organic carbon synthesized with the energy of sunlight (photosynthetic carbon source) but fueled instead by oxidation of reduced compounds to generate a chemosynthetic carbon source. Our study aime ... Full text Cite

Molecular taxonomy and naming of five cryptic species of Alviniconcha snails (Gastropoda: Abyssochrysoidea) from hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Systematics and Biodiversity · May 4, 2015 Large symbiont-hosting snails of the genus Alviniconcha (Gastropoda: Abyssochrysidae) are among the dominant inhabitants of hydrothermal vents in the Western Pacific and Indian oceans. The genus was originally described as monotypic, but unique DNA sequenc ... Full text Cite

Characterization of vent fauna at the mid-cayman spreading center

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers · March 1, 2015 Hydrothermal vents in the deep sea have a global distribution on mid-ocean ridges and comprise at least six biogeographic provinces. A geographically isolated vent system was recently discovered on the Mid-Cayman Spreading Center (MCSC). Here, we describe ... Full text Cite

Impacts of anthropogenic disturbances at deep-sea hydrothermal vent ecosystems: a review.

Journal Article Marine environmental research · December 2014 Deep-sea hydrothermal-vent ecosystems have stimulated decades of scientific research and hold promise of mineral and genetic resources that also serve societal needs. Some endemic taxa thrive only in vent environments, and vent-associated organisms are ada ... Full text Cite

A call for deep-ocean stewardship.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · May 2014 Full text Cite

Ecological restoration in the deep sea: Desiderata

Journal Article Marine Policy · February 1, 2014 An era of expanding deep-ocean industrialization is before us, with policy makers establishing governance frameworks for sustainable management of deep-sea resources while scientists learn more about the ecological structure and functioning of the largest ... Full text Cite

Protect the deep sea.

Journal Article Nature · January 2014 Full text Cite

Comparative population structure of two deep-sea hydrothermal-vent-associated decapods (Chorocaris sp. 2 and Munidopsis lauensis) from southwestern Pacific back-arc basins.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2014 Studies of genetic connectivity and population structure in deep-sea chemosynthetic ecosystems often focus on endosymbiont-hosting species that are directly dependent on chemical energy extracted from vent effluent for survival. Relatively little attention ... Full text Cite

Characterization of 9 polymorphic microsatellite loci in Lamellibrachia sp. 2, a tubeworm found at deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps

Journal Article Conservation Genetics Resources · December 1, 2013 Lamellibrachia sp. 2 is a deep-sea vestimentiferan tubeworm found at hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Cayman Spreading Center and at hydrocarbon seeps in the Gulf of Mexico and off the coast of Barbados. Nine selectively neutral and unlinked polymorphic micro ... Full text Cite

Genetic diversity of hydrothermal-vent barnacles in Manus Basin

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers · December 1, 2013 We evaluated mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I genetic diversity of two barnacle species (Eochionelasmus ohtai manusensis, Vulcanolepas cf. parensis) at three sites in Manus Basin (Solwara 1, South Su, Solwara 8). There was no evidence for within-site or ... Full text Cite

Cold-seep habitat mapping: High-resolution spatial characterization of the Blake Ridge Diapir seep field

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography · August 1, 2013 Relationships among seep community biomass, diversity, and physiographic controls such as underlying geology are not well understood. Previous efforts to constrain these relationships at the Blake Ridge Diapir were limited to observations from piloted deep ... Full text Cite

A biological survey method applied to seafloor massive sulphides (SMS) with contagiously distributed hydrothermal-vent fauna

Journal Article Marine Ecology Progress Series · April 25, 2012 Strategies for mitigation of seafloor massive sulphide (SMS) extraction in the deep sea include establishment of suitable reference sites that allow for studies of natural environmental variability and that can serve as sources of larvae for re-colonisatio ... Full text Cite

Ascomycete phylotypes recovered from a Gulf of Mexico methane seep are identical to an uncultured deep-sea fungal clade from the Pacific

Journal Article Fungal Ecology · April 1, 2012 Deep-sea endemic fungi are one component of an under-sampled invisible biosphere whose contribution to benthic ecosystems is not yet understood. In the last decade, molecular techniques have facilitated the discovery of several new deep-sea fungal groups, ... Full text Cite

Hydrothermal vent ecosystems and conservation

Journal Article Oceanography · March 1, 2012 Full text Cite

Designating networks of chemosynthetic ecosystem reserves in the deep sea

Journal Article Marine Policy · March 1, 2012 From the moment of their discovery, chemosynthetic ecosystems in the deep sea have held intrinsic scientific value. At the same time that the scientific community is studying chemosynthetic ecosystems other sectors are either engaged in, or planning for, a ... Full text Cite

A new species of Lebbeus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Hippolytidae) from the Von Damm Vent Field, Caribbean Sea

Journal Article Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom · 2012 Cite

Hydrothermal vent fields and chemosynthetic biota on the world's deepest seafloor spreading centre.

Journal Article Nature communications · January 2012 The Mid-Cayman spreading centre is an ultraslow-spreading ridge in the Caribbean Sea. Its extreme depth and geographic isolation from other mid-ocean ridges offer insights into the effects of pressure on hydrothermal venting, and the biogeography of vent f ... Full text Cite

Ecological Restoration in the Deep Sea: Desiderata

Journal Article Marine Policy · 2012 Cite

Is Restoration in the tool box for deep-sea ecosystems?

Journal Article Science (Policy Forum) · 2012 Cite

The spatial scale of genetic subdivision in populations of Ifremeria nautilei, a hydrothermal-vent gastropod from the southwest Pacific.

Journal Article BMC evolutionary biology · December 2011 BackgroundDeep-sea hydrothermal vents provide patchy, ephemeral habitats for specialized communities of animals that depend on chemoautotrophic primary production. Unlike eastern Pacific hydrothermal vents, where population structure has been stud ... Full text Cite

InterRidge and international scientific research activities into seafloor mineralization at hydrothermal vent systems

Journal Article OCEANS'11 - MTS/IEEE Kona, Program Book · December 1, 2011 The Seafloor Mineralization Working Group (SMWG) of the international non-profit organization InterRidge was formed is 2008 to address the issues surrounding the burgeoning interest in the mineral resources associated with hydrothermal vents found at the m ... Cite

Scientists as stakeholders in conservation of hydrothermal vents.

Journal Article Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology · April 2011 Hydrothermal vents are deep-sea ecosystems that are almost exclusively known and explored by scientists rather than the general public. Continuing scientific discoveries arising from study of hydrothermal vents are concommitant with the increased number of ... Full text Cite

Tighten regulations on deep-sea mining.

Journal Article Nature · February 2011 Full text Cite

Deep-water chemosynthetic ecosystem research during the census of marine life decade and beyond: a proposed deep-ocean road map.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2011 The ChEss project of the Census of Marine Life (2002-2010) helped foster internationally-coordinated studies worldwide focusing on exploration for, and characterization of new deep-sea chemosynthetic ecosystem sites. This work has advanced our understandin ... Full text Cite

Characterization of 18 polymorphic microsatellite loci from Bathymodiolus manusensis (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) from deep-sea hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Conservation Genetics Resources · January 1, 2011 Species in the genus Bathymodiolus are mytilid mussels found at deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. Next-generation sequencing techniques were employed to identify eighteen unlinked polymorphic microsatellite loci for Bathymodiolus manusensis from ... Full text Cite

Man and the last great wilderness: human impact on the deep sea.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2011 The deep sea, the largest ecosystem on Earth and one of the least studied, harbours high biodiversity and provides a wealth of resources. Although humans have used the oceans for millennia, technological developments now allow exploitation of fisheries res ... Full text Cite

2011 Exploration of the Mid-Cayman Rise

Journal Article Oceanography · 2011 Cite

Mining seafloor massive sulphides and biodiversity: What is at risk?

Journal Article ICES Journal of Marine Science · January 1, 2011 Scientific exploration of the deep sea in the late 1970s led to the discovery of seafloor massive sulphides at hydrothermal vents. More recently, sulphide deposits containing high grades of ore have been discovered in the southwest Pacific. In addition to ... Full text Cite

Characterization of 12 polymorphic microsatellite loci in Ifremeria nautilei, a chemoautotrophic gastropod from deep-sea hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Conservation Genetics Resources · December 1, 2010 Ifremeria nautilei is deep-sea provannid gastropod endemic to hydrothermal vents at southwest Pacific back-arc spreading centers. Twelve, selectively neutral and unlinked polymorphic microsatellite loci were developed for this species. Three loci deviated ... Full text Cite

Diverse styles of submarine venting on the ultraslow spreading Mid-Cayman Rise.

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · August 2010 Thirty years after the first discovery of high-temperature submarine venting, the vast majority of the global mid-ocean ridge remains unexplored for hydrothermal activity. Of particular interest are the world's ultraslow spreading ridges that were the last ... Full text Cite

Deep-Sea Mining

Journal Article Nature (invited op-ed) · 2010 Cite

Characterization of nine polymorphic microsatellite loci in Chorocaris sp. (Crustacea, Caridea, Alvinocarididae) from deep-sea hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Conservation Genetics Resources · 2010 Species in the genus Chorocaris are caridean shrimp found at deep-sea hydrothermal vents at mid-ocean spreading centers. Nine unlinked polymorphic microsatellite loci were developed for this Chorocaris sp. 2 from the Manus back-arc basin, southwest Pacific ... Full text Cite

Phylogenetic diversity of methanogenic, sulfate-reducing and methanotrophic prokaryotes from deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography · September 1, 2009 Microbial communities of methanogenic, sulfate-reducing and methanotrophic prokaryotes from deep-sea environments were investigated by molecular phylogenetic analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences of the genes encoding for the methyl coenzyme M reduc ... Full text Cite

A mosaic of diverse ideas: The ecological legacy of J. Frederick Grassle

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography · September 1, 2009 During the 40 years (and counting) of his scientific career, J. Frederick Grassle has made fundamental contributions to our understanding of marine ecosystems from coral reefs to deep-sea sediments. His advocacy and passion for marine biodiversity in the f ... Full text Cite

Evidence for a chemoautotrophically based food web at inactive hydrothermal vents (Manus Basin)

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography · September 1, 2009 Hydrothermal vents are ephemeral systems. When venting shuts down, sulfide-dependent taxa die off, and non-vent taxa can colonize the hard substrata. In Manus Basin (Papua New Guinea), where hydrothermally active and inactive sites are interspersed, hydroi ... Full text Cite

Bone-eating marine worms: Habitat specialists or generalists?

Journal Article Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences · September 7, 2008 Full text Cite

Vertical distribution and characterization of aerobic phototrophic bacteria at the Juan de Fuca Ridge in the Pacific Ocean.

Journal Article Photosynthesis research · September 2008 The vertical distribution of culturable anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria was investigated at five sites at or near the Juan de Fuca Ridge in the Pacific Ocean. Twelve similar strains of obligately aerobic phototrophic bacteria were isolated in pure culture ... Full text Cite

Comparative ultrastructure of digestive diverticulae in bathymodiolin mussels: Discovery of an unknown spherical inclusion (SIX) in digestive cells of a seep mussel.

Journal Article J Shellfish Research · 2008 Mussels in the genus Bathymodiolus host endosymbiotic bacteria in their gills, from which the mussel derives much of its nutrition. Bathymodiolin mussels also have functional digestive systems and, as in shallow-water mytilid mussels, cells of the digestiv ... Link to item Cite

Oxidative iron species and ocean challenges: a perspective.

Journal Article Biofouling · January 2008 The idea of using oxidative iron (Fe(6+)) to manage fouling and potentially invasive and pathogenic species in ballast water has merit and is attractive when viewed in the broadest context. Ferrate (Fe(6+)) has potential in ballast water management because ... Full text Cite

Vertical distribution and characterization of aerobic phototrophic bacteria at the Juan de Fuca Ridge in the Pacific Ocean

Journal Article Photosynthesis Research · 2008 The vertical distribution of culturable anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria was investigated at five sites at or near the Juan de Fuca Ridge in the Pacific Ocean. Twelve similar strains of obligately aerobic phototrophic bacteria were isolated in pure culture ... Link to item Cite

Diversity of meiofauna and free-living nematodes in hydrothermal vent mussel beds on the northern and southern East Pacific Rise

Journal Article Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom · October 1, 2007 The ecology and biogeography of meiofauna at deep-sea hydrothermal vents have historically received less attention than those of mega- and macrofauna. This study examines the composition of major meiofaunal taxa in beds of the mussel Bathymodiolus thermoph ... Full text Cite

Fragile Frontiers in the Abyss

Journal Article Science · July 20, 2007 The Silent Deep . The Discovery, Ecology, and Conservation of the Deep Sea. By Tony Koslow . University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2007. 292 pp. $35, ... Full text Cite

Characteristics of vesicomyid clams and their environment at the Blake Ridge cold seep, South Carolina, USA

Journal Article Marine Ecology Progress Series · June 6, 2007 Spatial distributions and patchiness of dominant megafaunal invertebrates in deep-sea seep environments may indicate heterogeneities in the flux of reduced chemical compounds. At the Blake Ridge seep off South Carolina, USA, the invertebrate assemblage inc ... Full text Cite

Three-dimensional structure of fluid conduits sustaining an active deep marine cold seep

Journal Article Geophysical Research Letters · March 16, 2007 Cold seeps in deep marine settings emit fluids to the overlying ocean and are often associated with such seafloor flux indicators as chemosynthetic biota, pockmarks, and authigenic carbonate rocks. Despite evidence for spatiotemporal variability in the rat ... Full text Cite

A fungal epizootic in mussels at a deep-sea hydrothermal vent

Journal Article Marine Ecology · March 1, 2007 Mass mortalities due to disease are important determinants of population and community structure in marine ecosystems, but the speed at which an epizootic may sweep through a population, combined with rapid selection for disease-resistant stocks, can mask ... Full text Cite

Temporal and spatial variation in the reproductive ecology of the vent-endemic amphipod Ventiella sulfuris in the eastern Pacific

Journal Article Marine Ecology Progress Series · February 16, 2007 Populations of the vent-endemic amphipod Ventiella sulfuris were compared from 6 East Pacific Rise (EPR) vent sites of different ages, 3 from the northern EPR and 3 from the southern EPR. Although vent age affected amphipod abundance, with no individuals a ... Full text Cite

Patterns of nematode diversity at hydrothermal vents on the East Pacific Rise

Journal Article Cahiers de Biologie Marine · December 1, 2006 The diversity and abundance of meiofauna in quasi-quantitative samples collected from Bathymodiolus mussel beds in a deep-sea hydrothermal vent field on the East Pacific Rise (EPR) was studied with particular reference to nematodes. Copepods, polychaetes a ... Cite

Benthic copepod communities associated with tubeworm and mussel aggregations on the East Pacific Rise

Journal Article Cahiers de Biologie Marine · December 1, 2006 Variability in the structure of the meiobenthic copepod communities was studied among three vent sites on the East Pacific Rise. One of the sites was dominated by the mussel Bathymodiolus thermophilus, and the other two of the sites were dominated by the t ... Cite

Nematode communities associated with tubeworm and mussel aggregations on the East Pacific Rise

Journal Article Cahiers de Biologie Marine · December 1, 2006 The meiobenthic nematode community of three different vent sites at the East Pacific Rise was studied in order to determine whether the abundance, species richness, diversity and trophic structure were similar. The sites Tica and Riftia Field were dominate ... Cite

Hydrothermal vent meiobenthos associated with mytilid mussel aggregations from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the East Pacific Rise

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers · August 1, 2006 Deep-sea hydrothermal vents occur along the mid-ocean ridges and back-arc basins around the globe. There are very few community analyses of vent meiobenthos. The central objectives of this study were to identify and quantify for the first time the entire m ... Full text Cite

Coupled geophysical constraints on heat flow and fluid flux at a salt diapir

Journal Article Geophysical Research Letters · December 28, 2005 Within a largely steady-state low-flux passive margin, a seafloor seep at the Blake Ridge Diapir transiently releases methane gas and sulfide-laden fluids. Until now, fluid flux estimates on the diapir have been too small to reconcile with seafloor gas emi ... Full text Cite

Parasitism as a potential contributor to massive clam mortality at the Blake Ridge Diapir methane-hydrate seep

Journal Article Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom · December 1, 2005 Vesicomyid clam species are abundant in many deep-sea chemosynthetic communities, including cold seeps. They rely primarily on thiotrophic (sulphide-oxidizing) gill symbionts for nutrition and thus require sulphide-rich environments. Submersible surveys of ... Full text Cite

Development of macrofaunal community structure in mussel beds on the northern East Pacific Rise

Journal Article Marine Ecology Progress Series · November 4, 2005 Comparisons of macrofaunal community structure (species composition, abundance, biovolume, rank order, species richness, diversity) in hydrothermal vent mussel beds at 9° 50' N (9N) on the East Pacific Rise were made from analysis of multiple quantitative ... Full text Cite

The reproductive biology of Amathys lutzi, an ampharetid polychaete from hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Journal Article Invertebrate Biology · October 31, 2005 The reproductive biology of polychaetes includes a diverse array of characteristics that sometimes have been related to features of the habitat and others times appear to be phylogenetically constrained. The reproductive biology of polychaetes from deep-se ... Full text Cite

A new species of Alvinocaris (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Alvinocarididae) and a new record of A. muricola from methane seeps on the Blake Ridge Diapir, Northwestern Atlantic

Journal Article Zootaxa · July 19, 2005 Two species of the alvinocaridid shrimp genus Alvinocaris, A. methanophila n. sp. and A. muricola Williams, are reported from a cold seep site on the Blake Ridge Diapir, northwestern Atlantic, at a depth of 2155 m. Alvinocaris methanophila is described and ... Full text Cite

An obligately photosynthetic bacterial anaerobe from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent.

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · June 2005 The abundance of life on Earth is almost entirely due to biological photosynthesis, which depends on light energy. The source of light in natural habitats has heretofore been thought to be the sun, thus restricting photosynthesis to solar photic environmen ... Full text Cite

Community structure in mussel beds at Logatchev hydrothermal vents and a comparison of macrofaunal species richness on slow- and fast-spreading mid-ocean ridges

Journal Article Marine Ecology · June 1, 2005 Species lists for vent fields on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) from 14°N to 38°N suggest that there is a northern (>27°N), shallow (<2000 m) fauna and a southern (<27°N), deeper (>3000 m) endemic vent fauna, but little is known about how community structure ... Full text Cite

Characterization of symbiont populations in life-history stages of mussels from chemosynthetic environments.

Journal Article The Biological bulletin · April 2005 The densities of chemoautotrophic and methanotrophic symbiont morphotypes were determined in life- history stages (post-larvae, juveniles, adults) of two species of mussels (Bathymodiolus azoricus and B. heckerae) from deep-sea chemosynthetic environments ... Full text Cite

Coupled geophysical constraints on heat flow and fluid flux at a salt diapir.

Journal Article Geophysical Research Letters · 2005 Cite

Parasitism in species of Bathymodiolus (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) mussels from deep-sea seep and hydrothermal vents.

Journal Article Diseases of aquatic organisms · November 2004 Bivalve species, especially mussels, are biomass dominants in many deep-sea chemosynthetic ecosystems. As in shallow-water environments, parasites are likely to be important factors in the population dynamics of bivalve communities in chemosynthetic ecosys ... Full text Cite

Observations on parasitism in deep-sea hydrothermal vent and seep limpets.

Journal Article Diseases of aquatic organisms · November 2004 Parasite burdens of shallow-water molluscs have been well documented, but little is known about parasite burdens of molluscs from deep-sea chemosynthetic environments (e.g. hydrothermal vents and seeps). Chemosynthetic habitats are characterized by high co ... Full text Cite

Vesicomyicola trifurcatus, a new genus and species of commensal polychaete (Annelida: Polychaeta: Nautiliniellidae) found in deep-sea clams from the Blake Ridge cold seep

Journal Article Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington · June 24, 2004 A new genus and species of deep-sea polychaete belonging to the family Nautiliniellidae is described from the Blake Ridge cold seep off the coast of South Carolina at a depth of 2155 m. This species is commensal within the mantle cavity of ∼60% of the vesi ... Cite

Novel forms of structural integration between microbes and a hydrothermal vent gastropod from the Indian Ocean.

Journal Article Applied and environmental microbiology · May 2004 Here we describe novel forms of structural integration between endo- and episymbiotic microbes and an unusual new species of snail from hydrothermal vents in the Indian Ocean. The snail houses a dense population of gamma-proteobacteria within the cells of ... Full text Cite

Experimental ecology at deep-sea hydrothermal vents: A perspective

Journal Article Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology · March 31, 2004 In situ and laboratory experiments conducted over the past quarter of a century have greatly increased our understanding of the ecology of deep-sea hydrothermal systems. Early experiments suggested that chemosynthetic primary production constituted the pri ... Full text Cite

Reproductive ecology of Bouvierella curtirama (Amphipoda: Eusiridae) from chemically distinct vents in the Lucky Strike vent field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Journal Article Marine Biology · March 1, 2004 Populations of the vent amphipod Bouvierella curtirama were compared from two sites in the Lucky Strike vent field on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The two sites (Sintra and Eiffel Tower) are chemically distinct, fed by different hydrothermal sources, but separa ... Full text Cite

Tissue and symbiont condition of mussels (Bathymodiolus thermophilus) exposed to varying levels of hydrothermal activity

Journal Article Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom · February 1, 2004 Bathymodiolus thermophilus is a mixotrophic mussel capable of deriving nourishment from sulphur-oxidizing, bacterial endosymbionts in its gills and from suspended particulates through mucociliary feeding. These mussels become nutritionally stressed when re ... Full text Cite

Community structure in Florida Escarpment seep and Snake Pit (Mid-Atlantic Ridge) vent mussel beds

Journal Article Marine Biology · January 1, 2004 Comparisons between invertebrate communities hosted by similar foundation species under different environmental conditions permit identification of patterns of species distributions that might be characteristic of the different ecosystems. Similarities and ... Full text Cite

A hot-vent gastropod with iron sulfide dermal sclerites.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · November 2003 Full text Cite

Spatial variation in the reproductive biology of Paralvinella palmiformis (Polychaeta: Alvinellidae) from a vent field on the Juan de Fuca Ridge

Journal Article Marine Ecology Progress Series · June 24, 2003 The microdistribution and dynamics of deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities often reflect the extreme heterogeneity of their environment. Here we present an assessment of spatial variation in the reproductive development of the alvinellid polychaete Paral ... Full text Cite

Diversity in mussel beds at deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps

Journal Article Ecology Letters · June 1, 2003 Remarkably little is known about fundamental distinctions (or similarities) between the faunas of deep-sea hydrothermal vents and seeps. Low species richness at vents has been attributed to the transient nature of vent habitats and to toxic effects of hydr ... Full text Cite

Variation in community structure within hydrothermal vent mussel beds of the East Pacific Rise

Journal Article Marine Ecology Progress Series · May 15, 2003 Patterns in invertebrate community structure associated with mussel beds at 3 hydrothermal vents on the northern East Pacific Rise (NEPR) were explored using quantitative, replicate sampling methods and were compared to those of southern East Pacific Rise ... Full text Cite

Functional morphology and feeding strategy of the hydrothermal-vent polychaete Archinome rosacea (family Archinomidae)

Journal Article Canadian Journal of Zoology · April 1, 2003 Polychaetes are a large component of deep-sea hydrothermal-vent invertebrate faunas, yet little is known about the trophic ecology of most species. In this study, the feeding mode of a common and widespread vent polychaete, Archinome rosacea (order Amphino ... Full text Cite

Blake Ridge methane seeps: Characterization of a soft-sediment, chemosynthetically based ecosystem

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers · January 1, 2003 Observations from the first submersible reconnaissance of the Blake Ridge Diapir provide the geological and ecological contexts for chemosynthetic communities established in close association with methane seeps. The seeps mark the loci of focused venting o ... Full text Cite

Higher-taxon richness as a surrogate for species richness in chemosynthetic communities

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers · January 1, 2003 Estimations of biodiversity and species richness in deep-sea marine ecosystems are impeded by time-consuming methods of species identification. In conservation biology, in environmental monitoring, and in paleontology, a higher-taxon approach (e.g., identi ... Full text Cite

Fishes from the hydrothermal vents and cold seeps - An update

Journal Article Cahiers de Biologie Marine · December 1, 2002 Cite

Trophic relationships among invertebrates at the Kairei hydrothermal vent field (Central Indian Ridge)

Journal Article Marine Biology · December 1, 2002 Exploration of hydrothermal vent systems in locations remote from well-studied sites allows ecologists to determine the degree of site-specific variation in trophic relationships among communities. A preliminary outline of the trophic structure of the Kair ... Full text Cite

Understanding the biogeography of chemosynthetic ecosystems

Journal Article Oceanologica Acta · September 1, 2002 ChEss is a recently-funded Census of marine life programme aimed at improving our knowledge of the biogeography of deepwater chemosynthetically driven ecosystems by promoting an international field phase of discovery and exploration. The main objectives ar ... Full text Cite

Ambient light emission from hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Journal Article Geophysical Research Letters · August 1, 2002 A spectral imaging camera was used to observe light emission from high-temperature, deep-sea vents at three hydrothermal sites on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR): Logatchev, Snake Pit, and Lucky Strike. Ambient light measured at these sites is similar to that ... Full text Cite

Community structure of mussel beds at deep-sea hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Marine Ecology Progress Series · April 5, 2002 Definition of biogeographic provinces, patterns of species distributions on local and regional scales, species richness, and relative abundances are all basic ecological measures, yet they are largely unknown for deep-sea hydrothermal vent ecosystems. With ... Full text Cite

Evolution and biogeography of deep-sea vent and seep invertebrates.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · February 2002 Deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps are submarine springs where nutrient-rich fluids emanate from the sea floor. Vent and seep ecosystems occur in a variety of geological settings throughout the global ocean and support food webs based on chemoautot ... Full text Cite

Origins of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in the hydrothermal vent worms Ridgea piscesae and Protis hydrothermica

Journal Article Marine Ecology Progress Series · January 11, 2002 Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential nutrients for all marine animals that have previously been studied. Most marine animals obtain long-chain PUFAs from their diets (i.e. as products of photosynthetic processes) and few are known t ... Full text Cite

Ambient light emission from hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Journal Article Geophysical Research Letters · 2002 Cite

The digestive system of the hydrothermal vent polychaete Galapagomystides aristata (Phyllodocidae): Evidence for hematophagy?

Journal Article Invertebrate Biology · January 1, 2002 Anatomical, histological, and ultrastructural investigation of the hydrothermal vent phyllodocid Galapagomystides aristata shows that this unusual polychaete has a normal mouth and foregut but a highly modified midgut with a blood-filled lumen. The foregut ... Full text Cite

Biogeography and ecological setting of Indian Ocean hydrothermal vents.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · October 2001 Within the endemic invertebrate faunas of hydrothermal vents, five biogeographic provinces are recognized. Invertebrates at two Indian Ocean vent fields (Kairei and Edmond) belong to a sixth province, despite ecological settings and invertebrate-bacterial ... Full text Cite

To boldly go where no plant has yet been found.

Journal Article Nature · September 2001 Full text Cite

Contribution of aerobic photoheterotrophic bacteria to the carbon cycle in the ocean.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · June 2001 The vertical distribution of bacteriochlorophyll a, the numbers of infrared fluorescent cells, and the variable fluorescence signal at 880 nanometers wavelength, all indicate that photosynthetically competent anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria are abundant i ... Full text Cite

Hydrothermal Vent Ecology

Chapter · January 1, 2001 Most of the ocean floor is covered with a thick layer of sediment and is populated by sparse and minute, mud-dwelling and mud-consuming invertebrates. In striking contrast, the volcanic basalt pavement of mid-ocean ridges hosts hydrothermal vents and their ... Full text Cite

Vents

Chapter · January 1, 2001 In the catalog of habitats on earth, chemosynthetic ecosystems at deep-sea hydrothermal vents are singularly decoupled from climatic variations and from anthropogenic activities. Furthermore, chemosynthetic ecosystems are tightly coupled to the geophysical ... Full text Cite

Corralling of larvae in the deep sea

Journal Article Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom · January 1, 2001 Large numbers of small individuals (pediveligers and juveniles < 5 mm) are routinely recorded in size-frequency distributions of mussel samples collected from deep-sea chemosynthetic environments. If recruitment of invertebrates to deep-sea hydrothermal ve ... Full text Cite

Lipid composition of the hydrothermal vent clam Calyptogena pacifica (Mollusca: Bivalvia) as atrophic indicator

Journal Article Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom · January 1, 2001 Specimens of the chemoautotrophic symbiont-bearing hydrothermal vent clam Calyptogena pacifica were collected from hydrothermal vents at the Endeavour segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Total lipid was extracted from gill, foot and mantle tissues, and lipi ... Full text Cite

Bacterial photosynthesis in surface waters of the open ocean.

Journal Article Nature · September 2000 The oxidation of the global ocean by cyanobacterial oxygenic photosynthesis, about 2,100 Myr ago, is presumed to have limited anoxygenic bacterial photosynthesis to oceanic regions that are both anoxic and illuminated. The discovery of oxygen-requiring pho ... Full text Cite

Variations in ambient light emission from black smokers and flange pools on the Juan de Fuca Ridge

Journal Article Geophysical Research Letters · April 15, 2000 Ambient light emitted by high-temperature black smokers and flange pools on the Juan de Fuca Ridge was imaged using a new spectral imaging camera. Most of the light is emitted at long wavelengths (700-1000 nm) and corresponds well to thermal radiation from ... Full text Cite

Diversity at deep-sea hydrothermal vent and intertidal mussel beds

Journal Article Marine Ecology Progress Series · March 31, 2000 Hydrothermal vents are well-known for their exotic faunas, but common ecological descriptors of communities, apart from species lists, have eluded vent ecologists for decades. Using replicate sampling, we examine species richness, diversity, evenness, and ... Full text Cite

Structure and function of Halice hesmonectes (Amphipoda: Pardaliscidae) swarms from hydrothermal vents in the eastern Pacific

Journal Article Marine Biology · January 1, 2000 Swarms of the pardaliscid amphipod Halice hesmonectes were sampled at low-temperature hydrothermal vents in the Venture Hydrothermal Fields of the East Pacific Rise. In excess of 3000 individuals were collected from a range of sites/habitats, and at two po ... Full text Cite

[title field missing]

Journal Article The Ecology of Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents · 2000 Cite

Subannual temporal variation in faunal distributions at the TAG hydrothermal mound (26°N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge)

Journal Article Marine Ecology · December 1, 1999 This paper evaluates the dynamics of two faunal assemblages colonizing high- and low-temperature habitats of the TAG hydrothermal mound on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Timelapse video and photographic transects were used to monitor changes in shrimp and anemone ... Full text Cite

Reproductive biology of free-living and commensal polynoid polychaetes at the lucky strike hydrothermal vent field (mid-atlantic ridge)

Journal Article Marine Ecology Progress Series · May 18, 1999 We examined the reproductive biology of a polynoid polychaete commensal in mussel mantle cavities (Branchipolynoe cf. seepensis) and of a polynoid polychaete that is free-living among those same mussels (Opisthotrochopodus n. sp.). Specimens of each specie ... Full text Cite

Trophic ecology of Rimicaris exoculata: A combined lipid abundance/stable isotope approach

Journal Article Marine Biology · April 1, 1999 The alvinocaridid shrimp Rimicaris exoculata is an abundant component of the biota of Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal vents. To determine the nutritional strategy of this organism, we analysed the molecular abundance and carbon isotopic composition of its ... Full text Cite

Reproductive biology: Deep-sea clams feel the heat

Journal Article Nature · January 21, 1999 Full text Cite

Site-specific and ontogenetic variations in nutrition of mussels (Bathymodiolus sp.) from the Lucky Strike hydrothermal vent field, mid-atlantic ridge

Journal Article Limnology and Oceanography · January 1, 1999 Lucky Strike mussels (Bathymodiolus sp.) support two metabolically distinct (methanotrophic and thiotrophic) prokaryotic endosymbionts in their gills. Differences in source inorganic carbon isotope ratios and in carbon fixation pathways between these two s ... Full text Cite

Oceanographic Research Using Remotely Operated Underwater Robotic Vehicles: Exploration of Hydrothermal Vent Sites on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 37°North 32°West

Journal Article Marine Technology Society Journal · December 1, 1998 This paper describes three 6000 meter tethered underwater vehicles - DSL-120 sonar, ARGO II mapping system and Jason/Medea remotely operated vehicle - used during the summer of 1996 for an oceanographic expedition to investigate hydrothermal vent sites at ... Cite

Vents at higher frequency

Journal Article Nature · October 1, 1998 Full text Cite

Cues and context: Larval responses to physical and chemical cues

Journal Article Biofouling · January 1, 1998 Most marine organisms have a highly specialized larval settlement stage. A major function of the settlement stage is response to environmental input that results in deposition of the larvae in a location which confers probability of survival and successful ... Full text Cite

Trophic ecology of massive shrimp aggregations at a Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal vent site

Journal Article Limnology and Oceanography · January 1, 1998 The source of nutrition of shrimp that form giant aggregations at Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal vents was explored by a combination of different molecular techniques. These animals have been hypothesized either to graze on the free-living, surface microb ... Full text Cite

Spatial and interannual variation in the faunal distribution at Broken Spur vent field (29°N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge)

Journal Article Marine Biology · October 1, 1997 Initial ecological observations at Broken Spur in 1993 suggested a low biomass relative to other deep-water vent communities known along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The persistence of a low Shrimp biomass over 15 mo at Broken Spur vents appears to refute the h ... Full text Cite

Fatty acids as sensitive tracers of sewage sludge carbon in a deep-sea ecosystem

Journal Article Environmental Science and Technology · April 1, 1997 Dumping into the open ocean is considered a viable political option to cope with the rapidly increasing global production of municipal sewage sludge. However, before such an option can be justified, the impact of mega- scale dumping upon the marine environ ... Full text Cite

Hydrothermal vents near a mantle hot spot: The Lucky Strike vent field at 37°N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Journal Article Earth and Planetary Science Letters · January 1, 1997 The Lucky Strike hydrothermal field occurs in the summit basin of a large seamount that forms the shallow center of a 65 km long ridge segment near 37°N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The depth and chemistry of the ridge segment are influenced by the Azores ho ... Full text Cite

Biology of the Lucky Strike hydrothermal field

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers · September 1, 1996 Newly discovered hydrothermal vent communities at Lucky Strike on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (37°18'N, 32°C16'W) are comprised of an invertebrate fauna sufficiently different from known vent faunas of TAG and Snake Pit to consider Lucky Strike part of a new bi ... Full text Cite

Light at deep-sea hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Geophysical Research Letters · January 1, 1996 Ambient light spectral data were acquired at two deep-sea hydrothermal vents with a temperature of ∼350°C: the Hole-to-Hell site on the East Pacific Rise at 9°N and the Snake-Pit site on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Measurements were made with a simple, multi-c ... Full text Cite

Geological setting and ecology of the Broken Spur hydrothermal vent field: 29°10'N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Journal Article Geological Society Special Publication · December 1, 1995 Deep-towed sidescan sonar and manned submersible studies have shown that hydrothermal activity within the Broken Spur vent field, located at 29°10'N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, is controlled by a combination of recent volcanic and tectonic activity. Three s ... Full text Cite

Lipid characteristics of hydrothermal vent organisms from 9°N, East Pacific Rise

Journal Article Geological Society Special Publication · December 1, 1995 Lipid compositions are reported for three distinctive deep-sea hydrothermal vent invertebrate species collected around 9°N East Pacific Rise: Riftia pachyptila Jones, a vestimentiferan tubeworm; Bathymodiolus thermophilus Kenk and Wilson, a mussel; and Hal ... Full text Cite

Mineralogy and sulphur isotope geochemistry of the Broken Spur sulphides, 29°N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Journal Article Geological Society Special Publication · December 1, 1995 Massive sulphide-sulphate-oxides from the newly discovered Broken Spur hydrothermal field at 29°10'N on the slow-spreading Mid-Atlantic Ridge have been examined to determine their mineralogical, chemical and sulphur isotope characteristics. The chimney and ... Full text Cite

Ecology of Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Geological Society Special Publication · December 1, 1995 In the past year, the number of explored deep-water vent sites on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge has doubled. The fauna of Atlantic vents consists for the most part of a subset of invertebrate types found elsewhere in chemosynthetic ecosystems, with taxonomic diff ... Full text Cite

Orogins of photosynthesis

Journal Article Nature · July 6, 1995 Full text Cite

Ecology of Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Hydrothermal vents and processes · January 1, 1995 The fauna of Atlantic vents consists for the most part of a subset of invertebrate types found elsewhere in chemosynthetic ecosystems, with taxonomic differentiation usually at the species or genus level. Despite this similarity in taxonomic composition, t ... Cite

Mineralogy and sulphur isotope geochemistry of the Broken Spur sulphides, 29°N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Journal Article Hydrothermal vents and processes · 1995 Massive sulphide-sulphate-oxides from the Broken Spur hydrothermal field have been examined to determine their mineralogical, chemical and sulphur isotope characteristics. The chimney and spire samples are dominated by chalcopyrite--isocubanite-pyrrhotite- ... Cite

Geological setting and ecology of the Broken Spur hydrothermal vent field: 29°10'N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Journal Article Hydrothermal vents and processes · 1995 Hydrothermal activity within the Broken Spur vent field is controlled by a combination of recent volcanic and tectonic activity. Three sulphide mounds, with high-temperature fluid vents, and two weathered sulphide mounds, with low-temperature fluid seeps, ... Cite

Lipid characteristics of hydrothermal vent organisms from 9°N, East Pacific Rise

Journal Article Hydrothermal vents and processes · January 1, 1995 Lipid compositions are reported for three distinctive deep-sea hydrothermal vent invertebrate species: Riftia pachyptila, a vestimentiferan tubeworm; Bathymodiolus thermophilus, a mussel; and Halice hesmonectes, an amphipod crustacean. The lipid compositio ... Cite

Origins of photosynthesis [6]

Journal Article Nature · 1995 Cite

Origins of photosynthesis [7]

Journal Article Nature · 1995 Cite

Light at deep sea hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union · January 1, 1994 We usually think of the bottom of the sea as a dark environment, lit only by flashes of bioluminescent light. Discovery of light associated with geothermal processes at deep sea hydrothermal vents forces us to qualify our textbook descriptions of the seafl ... Full text Cite

Amphipods on a deep-sea hydrothermal treadmill

Journal Article Deep-Sea Research Part I · January 1, 1994 Conspicuous swarms of a pardaliscid amphipod were observed at about 2520 and 2580 m depth in the East Pacific Rise vent field during dives with the submersible Alvin. Swarms occurred in association with mussels, clams and tubeworms, and were located above, ... Full text Cite

In situ spawning of hydrothermal vent tubeworms (Riftia pachyptila)

Journal Article Biological Bulletin · January 1, 1994 Full text Cite

Microorganisms as food resources at deep‐sea hydrothermal vents

Journal Article Limnology and Oceanography · January 1, 1994 This article is in Free Access Publication and may be downloaded using the “Download Full Text PDF” link at right. © 1994, by the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc. ... Full text Cite

Stable isotope evidence for entry of sewage-derived organic material into a deep-sea food web

Journal Article Nature · January 1, 1992 CHRONIC pollution of the open ocean has occurred since 1986 through disposal of municipal sewage sludge at a deep-water (∼2,500 m) dumpsite off the coast of New Jersey. Dispersal and dilution of sewage particulates in surface waters were presumed to be suf ... Full text Cite

Deep-sea amphipod swarms [9]

Journal Article Nature · January 1, 1992 Full text Cite

Biogeography of hydrothermal vent communities along seafloor spreading centers.

Journal Article Trends in ecology & evolution · August 1990 Compared to terrestrial and shallow-water habitats, deep-sea hydrothermal vents are unique environments characterized by their local insularity, global distribution, individual ephemerality, collective geological longevity, geochemical homogeneity, and the ... Full text Cite

Stable isotopic compositions of hydrothermal vent organisms

Journal Article Marine Biology · August 1, 1989 Stable isotopic analyses were used to study trophic relationships in two communities of deep-sea hydrothermal vent organism in the Pacific Ocean. The community at Hanging Gardens on the East Pacific Rise (21°N), sampled in 1985, is dominated by two species ... Full text Cite

A novel eye in 'eyeless' shrimp from hydrothermal vents of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Journal Article Nature · February 1989 Rimicaris exoculata is a shrimp that swarms over high-temperature (350 degrees C) sulphide chimneys at Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal fields (3,600 m). This shrimp lacks an externally differentiated eye, having instead a pair of large organs within the ce ... Full text Cite

Abyssotherma pacifica, n.gen., n.sp., a Recent remaneicid (Foraminiferida, Remaneicacea) from the East Pacific Rise

Journal Article Micropaleontology · January 1, 1989 A new Recent remaneicid, Abyssotherma pacifica, occurs in recruitment arrays placed in the vicinity of deep-sea (2600 m) hydrothermal springs in the East Pacific. It has quite a large (d.500-1200 μm) watchglass-shaped test, characterized by elongate ridges ... Full text Cite

Feeding biology of the shrimp Rimicaris exoculata at hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Journal Article Marine Biology · June 1, 1988 A newly described species of shrimp, Rimicaris exoculata Williams and Rona, 1986, dominates the megafaunal community at two hydrothermal vent sites on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Behavioral observations and gut-content analyses indicate, that these shrimp inge ... Full text Cite

Deep-water zooplankton of the Guaymas basin hydrothermal vent field

Journal Article Deep Sea Research Part A, Oceanographic Research Papers · January 1, 1988 Zooplankton from the Guaymas Basin deep-sea vent field were collected with a 1 m2 MOCNESS to examine the distribution of total standing stock, taxonomic composition, size-frequency distribution of zooplankton, and the species composition of calanoid copepo ... Full text Cite

Recruitment of marine invertebrates to hard substrates at deep-sea hydrothermal vents on the East Pacific Rise and Galapagos spreading center

Journal Article Deep Sea Research Part A, Oceanographic Research Papers · January 1, 1988 Recruitment panels were placed at and near hydrothermal vent communities at three sites on the Galapagos spreading center and one site on the East Pacific Rise at 21°N. Deployment periods ranged from 26 days (Clam Acres, 21°N) to 260-320 days (Rose Garden, ... Full text Cite

Benthopelagic macrozooplankton communities at and near deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the eastern Pacific ocean and the Gulf of California

Journal Article Deep Sea Research Part A, Oceanographic Research Papers · January 1, 1987 Benthopelagic zooplankton communities at hydrothermal vents on the East Pacific Rise and in Guaymas Basin are enriched in terms of both biomass and abundance with respect to non-vent areas, but depleted relative to biomass of surface zooplankton communitie ... Full text Cite

Prediction of hydrothermal vent locations from distributions of brachyuran crabs,

Journal Article Limnology and Oceanography · January 1, 1987 This article is in Free Access Publication and may be downloaded using the “Download Full Text PDF” link at right. © 1987, by the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc. ... Full text Cite

Echinoecus pentagonus (A. Milne Edwards, 1879): Larval Development and Systematic Position (Crustacea: Brachyura: Xanthoidea nec Parthenopoidea)

Journal Article Journal of Crustacean Biology · November 1986 The complete larval development of Echinoecus pentagonus (A. Milne Edwards), a brachyuran crab symbiotic with echinoderms, is described and illustrated. Development consists of three (or occasionally four) zoeal stages, each lasting from 4-8 days, and a me ... Full text Link to item Cite

Selective feeding and grazing rates of oyster (Crassostrea virginica) larvae on natural phytoplankton assemblages

Journal Article Estuaries · January 1, 1984 Results of laboratory feeding experiments suggest that oyster (Crassostrea virginica) larvae select small phytoplanktonic organisms (<10 μm) over larger-celled forms from natural estuarine assemblages, but that little selection occurs within the small phyt ... Full text Cite

Fecundity, autogeny, and the larval environment of the pitcher-plant mosquito, Wyeomyia smithii

Journal Article Oecologia · November 1, 1982 Pupae and fourth instar larvae of a southern (30°N, Alabama, USA) population of Wyeomyia smithii Coq. (Diptera: Culicidae) were collected from pitcher plants. Adults which emerged were maintained without food then dissected to determine their egg clutch si ... Full text Cite