Skip to main content

Elizabeth Shapiro - Garza

Associate Professor of the Practice of Environmental Policy and Management in the Division of Environmental Science and Policy
Environmental Sciences and Policy
PO Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708
Box 90328, 4103 Environment Hall, Durham, NC 27708

Selected Publications


Biodiversity targets will not be met without debt and tax justice.

Journal Article Nature ecology & evolution · March 2022 Full text Open Access Cite

Synergies and trade-offs among integrated conservation approaches in Mexico.

Journal Article Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology · October 2021 Integrated conservation approaches (ICAs) are employed by governments, communities, and nongovernmental organizations worldwide seeking to achieve outcomes with dual benefits for biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation. Although ICAs are frequent ... Full text Open Access Cite

Praxis in Resource Geography: Tensions between Engagement and Critique in the (Un)Making of Ecosystem Services

Chapter · 2021 Navigating the complications and contradictions that often arise when critical scholars engage with the “subjects” of their research in ways meant to support social change is a messy business. This chapter explores the tensions involved in this mixing of t ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

A participatory framework for feasibility assessments of climate change resilience strategies for smallholders: lessons from coffee cooperatives in Latin America

Journal Article International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability · January 2, 2020 Featured Publication Coffee farmers are already experiencing the impacts of climate change, yet recommended resilience strategies are often cost-prohibitive for smallholder producers and/or maladapted to local conditions and contexts. We collaborated with smallholder coffee co ... Full text Open Access Cite

Beyond Market Logics: Payments for Ecosystem Services as Alternative Development Practices in the Global South

Journal Article Development and Change · January 2020 Featured Publication ABSTRACTPayments for Ecosystem Services (PES) initiatives, which provide financial incentives for management practices thought to increase the production of environmental benefits, have expanded across the global South sinc ... Full text Open Access Cite

An Alternative Theorization of Payments for Ecosystem Services from Mexico: Origins and Influence

Journal Article Development and Change · January 2020 Featured Publication ABSTRACTThe national Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) programmes of Mexico were originally based on the neoclassical economic theory that conceptualized ecosystems as factories whose various outputs can be quantified a ... Full text Open Access Cite

Collective PES: More than the sum of individual incentives

Journal Article Environmental Science and Policy · December 1, 2019 Featured Publication This study synthesizes findings from studies of the social and behavioral outcomes of collective payment for ecosystem services (PES) programs. The collective PES model is distinct from the conventional PES model in that by working with groups, not individ ... Full text Open Access Cite

Collective Local Payments for ecosystem services: New local PES between groups, sanctions, and prior watershed trust in Mexico

Journal Article Water Resources and Economics · October 1, 2019 Featured Publication Payments for ecosystem services (PES) programs are now high in number, if not always in impact. When groups of users pay groups of service providers, establishing PES involves collective action. We study the creation of collective PES institutions, and the ... Full text Open Access Cite

Silencing Agency in Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) by Essentializing a Neoliberal ‘Monster’ Into Being: A Response to Fletcher & Büscher's ‘PES Conceit’

Journal Article Ecological Economics · February 1, 2018 Featured Publication In this commentary we respond to Fletcher and Büscher's (2017) recent article in this journal on Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) as neoliberal ‘conceit’. The authors claim that focusing attention on the micro-politics of PES design and implementation ... Full text Open Access Cite

Increasing the impact of collective incentives in payments for ecosystem services

Journal Article Journal of Environmental Economics and Management · November 1, 2017 Featured Publication Collective payments for ecosystem services (PES) programs make payments to groups, conditional on specified aggregate land-management outcomes. Such collective contracting may be well suited to settings with communal land tenure or decision-making. Given t ... Full text Open Access Cite

Embedding Carbon Markets: Complicating Commodification of Ecosystem Services in Mexico's Forests

Journal Article Annals of the Association of American Geographers · August 9, 2017 Featured Publication Payments for ecosystem services (PES) are increasingly employed to address a range of environmental issues, including biodiversity conservation, watershed protection, and climate change mitigation. PES initiatives have gained momentum since the 1990s, and ... Full text Open Access Cite

Market‐based conservation: Aligning static theory with dynamic systems

Journal Article Natural Resources Forum · November 2014 AbstractThis paper provides a broad evaluation of the implications of market‐based conservation (MBC) strategies from economic, social and ecological perspective ... Full text Open Access Cite

Improving environmental and social targeting through adaptive management in Mexico's payments for hydrological services program.

Journal Article Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology · October 2014 Natural resource managers are often expected to achieve both environmental protection and economic development even when there are fundamental trade-offs between these goals. Adaptive management provides a theoretical structure for program administrators t ... Full text Open Access Cite

Contesting market-based conservation: Payments for ecosystem services as a surface of engagement for rural social movements in Mexico

Journal Article Human Geography: a new radical journal · 2013 The Mexican National Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) programs, which provide financial incentives for rural landholders to conserve forest, were originally designed under the logic of market-based conservation. Based on a multi-sited, multi scalar eth ... Open Access Cite

Contesting the neoliberal nature of the Mexican national payments for ecosystem services programs: Four sites of articulation and hybridization

Journal Article Geoforum · 2013 Mexico’s national payments for ecosystem services (PES) programs pay rural landholders for hydrological services, carbon sequestration, biodiversity conservation, and improvement of agroforestry systems. The intention of the programs’ initial funders and d ... Open Access Cite

Payments for ecosystem services in Mexico: Nature, neoliberalism, social movements, and the state

Journal Article Annals of the Association of American Geographers · July 1, 2010 Prominent advocates of payments for ecosystem services (PES) contend that markets in biodiversity, carbon storage, and hydrological services can produce both conservation and sustainable development. In Mexico's national PES programs, however, conceived as ... Full text Open Access Cite

Cooperative management and its effects on shade tree diversity, soil properties and ecosystem services of coffee plantations in western El Salvador

Journal Article Agroforestry Systems · May 1, 2009 We compared how management approaches affected shade tree diversity, soil properties, and provisioning and carbon sequestration ecosystem services in three shade coffee cooperatives. Collectively managed cooperatives utilized less diverse shade, and pruned ... Full text Cite

Smallholder agricultural expansion in La Amistad Biosphere Reserve: Perceived vs. real impacts of cacao and cattle

Journal Article Journal of Sustainable Forestry · May 10, 2006 Agricultural expansion by smallholder producers has been identified by management agencies as one of the main threats to the ecological integrity of La Amistad Biosphere Reserve, in Panama and Costa Rica. Promotion of cacao agroforestry has been proposed a ... Full text Cite

Biodiversity targets will not be met without debt and tax justice.

Journal Article Nature ecology & evolution · March 2022 Full text Open Access Cite

Synergies and trade-offs among integrated conservation approaches in Mexico.

Journal Article Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology · October 2021 Integrated conservation approaches (ICAs) are employed by governments, communities, and nongovernmental organizations worldwide seeking to achieve outcomes with dual benefits for biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation. Although ICAs are frequent ... Full text Open Access Cite

Praxis in Resource Geography: Tensions between Engagement and Critique in the (Un)Making of Ecosystem Services

Chapter · 2021 Navigating the complications and contradictions that often arise when critical scholars engage with the “subjects” of their research in ways meant to support social change is a messy business. This chapter explores the tensions involved in this mixing of t ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

A participatory framework for feasibility assessments of climate change resilience strategies for smallholders: lessons from coffee cooperatives in Latin America

Journal Article International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability · January 2, 2020 Featured Publication Coffee farmers are already experiencing the impacts of climate change, yet recommended resilience strategies are often cost-prohibitive for smallholder producers and/or maladapted to local conditions and contexts. We collaborated with smallholder coffee co ... Full text Open Access Cite

Beyond Market Logics: Payments for Ecosystem Services as Alternative Development Practices in the Global South

Journal Article Development and Change · January 2020 Featured Publication ABSTRACTPayments for Ecosystem Services (PES) initiatives, which provide financial incentives for management practices thought to increase the production of environmental benefits, have expanded across the global South sinc ... Full text Open Access Cite

An Alternative Theorization of Payments for Ecosystem Services from Mexico: Origins and Influence

Journal Article Development and Change · January 2020 Featured Publication ABSTRACTThe national Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) programmes of Mexico were originally based on the neoclassical economic theory that conceptualized ecosystems as factories whose various outputs can be quantified a ... Full text Open Access Cite

Collective PES: More than the sum of individual incentives

Journal Article Environmental Science and Policy · December 1, 2019 Featured Publication This study synthesizes findings from studies of the social and behavioral outcomes of collective payment for ecosystem services (PES) programs. The collective PES model is distinct from the conventional PES model in that by working with groups, not individ ... Full text Open Access Cite

Collective Local Payments for ecosystem services: New local PES between groups, sanctions, and prior watershed trust in Mexico

Journal Article Water Resources and Economics · October 1, 2019 Featured Publication Payments for ecosystem services (PES) programs are now high in number, if not always in impact. When groups of users pay groups of service providers, establishing PES involves collective action. We study the creation of collective PES institutions, and the ... Full text Open Access Cite

Silencing Agency in Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) by Essentializing a Neoliberal ‘Monster’ Into Being: A Response to Fletcher & Büscher's ‘PES Conceit’

Journal Article Ecological Economics · February 1, 2018 Featured Publication In this commentary we respond to Fletcher and Büscher's (2017) recent article in this journal on Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) as neoliberal ‘conceit’. The authors claim that focusing attention on the micro-politics of PES design and implementation ... Full text Open Access Cite

Increasing the impact of collective incentives in payments for ecosystem services

Journal Article Journal of Environmental Economics and Management · November 1, 2017 Featured Publication Collective payments for ecosystem services (PES) programs make payments to groups, conditional on specified aggregate land-management outcomes. Such collective contracting may be well suited to settings with communal land tenure or decision-making. Given t ... Full text Open Access Cite

Embedding Carbon Markets: Complicating Commodification of Ecosystem Services in Mexico's Forests

Journal Article Annals of the Association of American Geographers · August 9, 2017 Featured Publication Payments for ecosystem services (PES) are increasingly employed to address a range of environmental issues, including biodiversity conservation, watershed protection, and climate change mitigation. PES initiatives have gained momentum since the 1990s, and ... Full text Open Access Cite

Market‐based conservation: Aligning static theory with dynamic systems

Journal Article Natural Resources Forum · November 2014 AbstractThis paper provides a broad evaluation of the implications of market‐based conservation (MBC) strategies from economic, social and ecological perspective ... Full text Open Access Cite

Improving environmental and social targeting through adaptive management in Mexico's payments for hydrological services program.

Journal Article Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology · October 2014 Natural resource managers are often expected to achieve both environmental protection and economic development even when there are fundamental trade-offs between these goals. Adaptive management provides a theoretical structure for program administrators t ... Full text Open Access Cite

Contesting market-based conservation: Payments for ecosystem services as a surface of engagement for rural social movements in Mexico

Journal Article Human Geography: a new radical journal · 2013 The Mexican National Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) programs, which provide financial incentives for rural landholders to conserve forest, were originally designed under the logic of market-based conservation. Based on a multi-sited, multi scalar eth ... Open Access Cite

Contesting the neoliberal nature of the Mexican national payments for ecosystem services programs: Four sites of articulation and hybridization

Journal Article Geoforum · 2013 Mexico’s national payments for ecosystem services (PES) programs pay rural landholders for hydrological services, carbon sequestration, biodiversity conservation, and improvement of agroforestry systems. The intention of the programs’ initial funders and d ... Open Access Cite

Payments for ecosystem services in Mexico: Nature, neoliberalism, social movements, and the state

Journal Article Annals of the Association of American Geographers · July 1, 2010 Prominent advocates of payments for ecosystem services (PES) contend that markets in biodiversity, carbon storage, and hydrological services can produce both conservation and sustainable development. In Mexico's national PES programs, however, conceived as ... Full text Open Access Cite

Cooperative management and its effects on shade tree diversity, soil properties and ecosystem services of coffee plantations in western El Salvador

Journal Article Agroforestry Systems · May 1, 2009 We compared how management approaches affected shade tree diversity, soil properties, and provisioning and carbon sequestration ecosystem services in three shade coffee cooperatives. Collectively managed cooperatives utilized less diverse shade, and pruned ... Full text Cite

Smallholder agricultural expansion in La Amistad Biosphere Reserve: Perceived vs. real impacts of cacao and cattle

Journal Article Journal of Sustainable Forestry · May 10, 2006 Agricultural expansion by smallholder producers has been identified by management agencies as one of the main threats to the ecological integrity of La Amistad Biosphere Reserve, in Panama and Costa Rica. Promotion of cacao agroforestry has been proposed a ... Full text Cite

Acciones Ambientales para el Mejoramiento del Medio Ambiente en las Comunidades Rurales [Environmental Actions for Improving the Environment of Rural Communities]

Book · 1998 This guide is for rural communities in Latin America and for those who work with them. It provides clear, step-by-step instructions for organizing a community environmental group, conducting participatory planning exercises and illustrated instructions for ... Open Access Link to item Cite