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Joe Chakkalakal

Associate Professor in Orthopaedic Surgery
Orthopaedic Surgery


Laboratory of Neuromuscular Development, Regeneration, and Aging

We study the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying neuromuscular development, regeneration, and aging with an emphasis on understanding stem and progenitor cell fate and function, and stem cell niche biology. We are affiliated with the Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery and Cell Biology as part of the Duke Orthopaedic Cellular, Developmental, and Genome Laboratories within the Duke University School of Medicine.

Aging-related declines in neuromuscular regeneration:

Aging is associated with significant deficiencies in skeletal muscle regeneration. We believe the inhibition of regenerated aged myofiber recovery coupled with interstitial pathological infiltrate and fibrosis are due to impairments in the reconstitution of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), a specialized site where the synapse between a motor axon terminal and myofiber is located. Current studies include examining the cellular basis for the restoration of NMJs after injury. We are also pursuing mechanisms such as the manipulation of relevant stem and progenitor cell populations that may alter NMJ reconstitution after injury and how they impact myofiber recovery, interstitial pathological infiltrate, and fibrosis.

Postnatal neuromuscular growth and the consequences of pediatric cancer therapies:

Neuromuscular impairments are among the aging-related phenotypes observed earlier in pediatric cancer survivors. Early adolescence to adulthood is a period of significant skeletal muscle growth with active stem and progenitor cell activity that is sensitive to pediatric cancer therapies such as radiation and chemotherapy. Current studies involve examining how modulations in the cellular composition of skeletal muscle, the fate of stem and progenitor cell populations, and alterations of the muscle stem cell niche from early adolescence to adulthood impact healthy aging. We are also pursuing strategies to alleviate the near and long term impact of pediatric cancer therapies during this dynamic stage of neuromuscular growth.

Current Appointments & Affiliations

Associate Professor in Orthopaedic Surgery · 2022 - Present Orthopaedic Surgery, Clinical Science Departments
Associate Professor in Cell Biology · 2022 - Present Cell Biology, Basic Science Departments
Member of the Duke Cancer Institute · 2022 - Present Duke Cancer Institute, Institutes and Centers

Education, Training & Certifications

University of Ottawa (Canada) · 2006 Ph.D.