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Nina Tang Sherwood

Associate Professor of the Practice of Biology
Duke Box 90338, Science Drive, 371D Biosci, Durham, NC 27708
Box 90338 137 Bio Sciences, 130 Science Drive, Durham, NC 27708


We use Drosophila melanogaster as a model to understand nervous system development and function. A genetic screen for molecules important to these processes identified the fly ortholog of the spastin gene, which when mutated in humans leads to a progressive neurodegenerative disease called Autosomal-Dominant Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia (AD-HSP). Individuals with AD-HSP have difficulty walking, sometimes from as early as childhood, and can end up confined to wheelchairs. We have shown that loss of spastin in the fly larva compromises motoneuron function, while adults exhibit weak legs and do not fly. Spastin is a member of the AAA family of ATPases, and functions by severing microtubules into smaller segments. Our results indicate that the absence of spastin function in mutant flies leads to a reduction in microtubule content at synaptic boutons, presumably causing the weakened neurotransmission. Among our goals in the lab are to understand how this happens at a cell-biological level, and to examine specific phenotypes associated with mutations mimicking those found in the human disease. Using Drosophila as a model system allows us to rapidly generate flies with any number of specific mutations, and then study the consequences of these mutations at the biochemical, cell biological, developmental, electrophysiological and behavioral levels.

Current Appointments & Affiliations

Associate Professor of the Practice of Biology · 2014 - Present Biology, Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
Assistant Research Professor in Molecular Genetics and Microbiology · 2011 - Present Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Basic Science Departments
Associate Research Professor of Cell Biology · 2022 - Present Cell Biology, Basic Science Departments
Faculty Network Member of the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences · 2011 - Present Duke Institute for Brain Sciences, University Institutes and Centers
Associate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society · 2017 - Present Duke Science & Society, Initiatives

Education, Training & Certifications

Duke University · 1998 Ph.D.
University of California, San Diego · 1990 B.S.