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Stephanie Blocker

Assistant Professor in Radiology
Radiology
311 Research Drive, Bryan Research Building, Room 161I, Durham, NC 27710

Selected Publications


Evaluating Tumor Hypoxia Radiosensitization Via Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Oxygen Imaging (EPROI).

Journal Article Mol Imaging Biol · September 18, 2023 PURPOSE: Tumor hypoxia contributes to aggressive phenotypes and diminished therapeutic responses to radiation therapy (RT) with hypoxic tissue being 3-fold less radiosensitive than normoxic tissue. A major challenge in implementing hypoxic radiosensitizers ... Full text Link to item Cite

An Online Repository for Pre-Clinical Imaging Protocols (PIPs).

Journal Article Tomography · March 27, 2023 Providing method descriptions that are more detailed than currently available in typical peer reviewed journals has been identified as an actionable area for improvement. In the biochemical and cell biology space, this need has been met through the creatio ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Whole-Slide Cytometric Feature Mapping for Distinguishing Tumor Genomic Subtypes in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Whole-Slide Images.

Journal Article Am J Pathol · February 2023 Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a heterogeneous disease where, in advanced stages, clinical and pathologic stages do not correlate with outcome. Molecular and genomic biomarkers for HNSCC classification have shown promise for prognostic an ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Cytostatic hypothermia and its impact on glioblastoma and survival.

Journal Article Sci Adv · November 25, 2022 Patients with glioblastoma (GBM) have limited options and require novel approaches to treatment. Here, we studied and deployed nonfreezing "cytostatic" hypothermia to stunt GBM growth. This growth-halting method contrasts with ablative, cryogenic hypotherm ... Full text Link to item Cite

Automated Nuclear Segmentation in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Pathology Reveals Relationships between Cytometric Features and ESTIMATE Stromal and Immune Scores.

Journal Article Am J Pathol · September 2022 The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays an important role in the progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Currently, pathologic assessment of TME is nonstandardized and subject to observer bias. Genome-wide transcriptomic approaches to ... Full text Link to item Cite

Late onset cardiovascular dysfunction in adult mice resulting from galactic cosmic ray exposure.

Journal Article iScience · April 15, 2022 The complex and inaccessible space radiation environment poses an unresolved risk to astronaut cardiovascular health during long-term space exploration missions. To model this risk, healthy male c57BL/6 mice aged six months (corresponding to an astronaut o ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ex Vivo MR Histology and Cytometric Feature Mapping Connect Three-dimensional in Vivo MR Images to Two-dimensional Histopathologic Images of Murine Sarcomas.

Journal Article Radiol Imaging Cancer · May 2021 Purpose To establish a platform for quantitative tissue-based interpretation of cytoarchitecture features from tumor MRI measurements. Materials and Methods In a pilot preclinical study, multicontrast in vivo MRI of murine soft-tissue sarcomas in 10 mice, ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

The frontier of live tissue imaging across space and time.

Journal Article Cell stem cell · April 2021 What you see is what you get-imaging techniques have long been essential for visualization and understanding of tissue development, homeostasis, and regeneration, which are driven by stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. Advances in molecular and tis ... Full text Cite

Co-Clinical Imaging Resource Program (CIRP): Bridging the Translational Divide to Advance Precision Medicine.

Journal Article Tomography · September 2020 The National Institutes of Health's (National Cancer Institute) precision medicine initiative emphasizes the biological and molecular bases for cancer prevention and treatment. Importantly, it addresses the need for consistency in preclinical and clinical ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

MRI-Based Deep Learning Segmentation and Radiomics of Sarcoma in Mice.

Journal Article Tomography · March 2020 Small-animal imaging is an essential tool that provides noninvasive, longitudinal insight into novel cancer therapies. However, considerable variability in image analysis techniques can lead to inconsistent results. We have developed quantitative imaging f ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

The impact of respiratory gating on improving volume measurement of murine lung tumors in micro-CT imaging.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2020 Small animal imaging has become essential in evaluating new cancer therapies as they are translated from the preclinical to clinical domain. However, preclinical imaging faces unique challenges that emphasize the gap between mouse and man. One example is t ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

MRI-based radiomics of sarcomas in the preclinical arm of a Co-clinical trial

Conference Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE · January 1, 2020 Radiomics provide an exciting approach to developing imaging biomarkers in the context of precision medicine. We focus on the preclinical arm of a co-clinical trial investigating synergy of immunotherapy combined with radiation therapy (RT) and surgical re ... Full text Cite

CYTOSTATIC HYPOTHERMIA FOR GLIOBLASTOMA

Conference NEURO-ONCOLOGY · 2020 Cite

Cancer imaging in preclinical models

Chapter · April 17, 2019 The study of animal models remains a cornerstone of preclinical cancer research. Recent advances in technology have led to the proliferation of animal imaging devices that are now integral to the study of cancer biology. Imaging is routinely used for the d ... Full text Cite

Bridging the translational gap: Implementation of multimodal small animal imaging strategies for tumor burden assessment in a co-clinical trial.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2019 In designing co-clinical cancer studies, preclinical imaging brings unique challenges that emphasize the gap between man and mouse. Our group is developing quantitative imaging methods for the preclinical arm of a co-clinical trial studying immunotherapy a ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

To gate or not to gate: An evaluation of respiratory gating techniques to improve volume measurement of murine lung tumors in micro-CT imaging

Conference Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE · January 1, 2019 Small animal imaging has become essential in evaluating new cancer therapies as they are translated from the preclinical to clinical domain. However, preclinical imaging is faced with unique challenges that emphasize the gap between mouse and man. One exam ... Full text Cite

Multi-modal MRI segmentation of sarcoma tumors using convolutional neural networks

Conference Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE · January 1, 2019 Small animal imaging is essential in building a bridge from basic science to the clinic by providing the confidence necessary to move new cancer therapies to patients. However, there is considerable variability in preclinical imaging, including tumor volum ... Full text Cite

Imaging of Nanoparticle Distribution to Assess Treatments That Alter Delivery.

Journal Article Mol Imaging Biol · June 2018 Molecular imaging is a vital tool to non-invasively measure nanoparticle delivery to solid tumors. Despite the myriad of nanoparticles studied for cancer, successful applications of nanoparticles in humans is limited by inconsistent and ineffective deliver ... Full text Link to item Cite

64Cu-MM-302 Positron Emission Tomography Quantifies Variability of Enhanced Permeability and Retention of Nanoparticles in Relation to Treatment Response in Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer.

Journal Article Clin Cancer Res · August 1, 2017 Purpose: Therapeutic nanoparticles are designed to deliver their drug payloads through enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) in solid tumors. The extent of EPR and its variability in human tumors is highly debated and has been proposed as an explanatio ... Full text Link to item Cite

Evaluating Tumor Hypoxia Radiosensitization Via Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Oxygen Imaging (EPROI).

Journal Article Mol Imaging Biol · September 18, 2023 PURPOSE: Tumor hypoxia contributes to aggressive phenotypes and diminished therapeutic responses to radiation therapy (RT) with hypoxic tissue being 3-fold less radiosensitive than normoxic tissue. A major challenge in implementing hypoxic radiosensitizers ... Full text Link to item Cite

An Online Repository for Pre-Clinical Imaging Protocols (PIPs).

Journal Article Tomography · March 27, 2023 Providing method descriptions that are more detailed than currently available in typical peer reviewed journals has been identified as an actionable area for improvement. In the biochemical and cell biology space, this need has been met through the creatio ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Whole-Slide Cytometric Feature Mapping for Distinguishing Tumor Genomic Subtypes in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Whole-Slide Images.

Journal Article Am J Pathol · February 2023 Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a heterogeneous disease where, in advanced stages, clinical and pathologic stages do not correlate with outcome. Molecular and genomic biomarkers for HNSCC classification have shown promise for prognostic an ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Cytostatic hypothermia and its impact on glioblastoma and survival.

Journal Article Sci Adv · November 25, 2022 Patients with glioblastoma (GBM) have limited options and require novel approaches to treatment. Here, we studied and deployed nonfreezing "cytostatic" hypothermia to stunt GBM growth. This growth-halting method contrasts with ablative, cryogenic hypotherm ... Full text Link to item Cite

Automated Nuclear Segmentation in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Pathology Reveals Relationships between Cytometric Features and ESTIMATE Stromal and Immune Scores.

Journal Article Am J Pathol · September 2022 The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays an important role in the progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Currently, pathologic assessment of TME is nonstandardized and subject to observer bias. Genome-wide transcriptomic approaches to ... Full text Link to item Cite

Late onset cardiovascular dysfunction in adult mice resulting from galactic cosmic ray exposure.

Journal Article iScience · April 15, 2022 The complex and inaccessible space radiation environment poses an unresolved risk to astronaut cardiovascular health during long-term space exploration missions. To model this risk, healthy male c57BL/6 mice aged six months (corresponding to an astronaut o ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ex Vivo MR Histology and Cytometric Feature Mapping Connect Three-dimensional in Vivo MR Images to Two-dimensional Histopathologic Images of Murine Sarcomas.

Journal Article Radiol Imaging Cancer · May 2021 Purpose To establish a platform for quantitative tissue-based interpretation of cytoarchitecture features from tumor MRI measurements. Materials and Methods In a pilot preclinical study, multicontrast in vivo MRI of murine soft-tissue sarcomas in 10 mice, ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

The frontier of live tissue imaging across space and time.

Journal Article Cell stem cell · April 2021 What you see is what you get-imaging techniques have long been essential for visualization and understanding of tissue development, homeostasis, and regeneration, which are driven by stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. Advances in molecular and tis ... Full text Cite

Co-Clinical Imaging Resource Program (CIRP): Bridging the Translational Divide to Advance Precision Medicine.

Journal Article Tomography · September 2020 The National Institutes of Health's (National Cancer Institute) precision medicine initiative emphasizes the biological and molecular bases for cancer prevention and treatment. Importantly, it addresses the need for consistency in preclinical and clinical ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

MRI-Based Deep Learning Segmentation and Radiomics of Sarcoma in Mice.

Journal Article Tomography · March 2020 Small-animal imaging is an essential tool that provides noninvasive, longitudinal insight into novel cancer therapies. However, considerable variability in image analysis techniques can lead to inconsistent results. We have developed quantitative imaging f ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

The impact of respiratory gating on improving volume measurement of murine lung tumors in micro-CT imaging.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2020 Small animal imaging has become essential in evaluating new cancer therapies as they are translated from the preclinical to clinical domain. However, preclinical imaging faces unique challenges that emphasize the gap between mouse and man. One example is t ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

MRI-based radiomics of sarcomas in the preclinical arm of a Co-clinical trial

Conference Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE · January 1, 2020 Radiomics provide an exciting approach to developing imaging biomarkers in the context of precision medicine. We focus on the preclinical arm of a co-clinical trial investigating synergy of immunotherapy combined with radiation therapy (RT) and surgical re ... Full text Cite

CYTOSTATIC HYPOTHERMIA FOR GLIOBLASTOMA

Conference NEURO-ONCOLOGY · 2020 Cite

Cancer imaging in preclinical models

Chapter · April 17, 2019 The study of animal models remains a cornerstone of preclinical cancer research. Recent advances in technology have led to the proliferation of animal imaging devices that are now integral to the study of cancer biology. Imaging is routinely used for the d ... Full text Cite

Bridging the translational gap: Implementation of multimodal small animal imaging strategies for tumor burden assessment in a co-clinical trial.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2019 In designing co-clinical cancer studies, preclinical imaging brings unique challenges that emphasize the gap between man and mouse. Our group is developing quantitative imaging methods for the preclinical arm of a co-clinical trial studying immunotherapy a ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

To gate or not to gate: An evaluation of respiratory gating techniques to improve volume measurement of murine lung tumors in micro-CT imaging

Conference Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE · January 1, 2019 Small animal imaging has become essential in evaluating new cancer therapies as they are translated from the preclinical to clinical domain. However, preclinical imaging is faced with unique challenges that emphasize the gap between mouse and man. One exam ... Full text Cite

Multi-modal MRI segmentation of sarcoma tumors using convolutional neural networks

Conference Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE · January 1, 2019 Small animal imaging is essential in building a bridge from basic science to the clinic by providing the confidence necessary to move new cancer therapies to patients. However, there is considerable variability in preclinical imaging, including tumor volum ... Full text Cite

Imaging of Nanoparticle Distribution to Assess Treatments That Alter Delivery.

Journal Article Mol Imaging Biol · June 2018 Molecular imaging is a vital tool to non-invasively measure nanoparticle delivery to solid tumors. Despite the myriad of nanoparticles studied for cancer, successful applications of nanoparticles in humans is limited by inconsistent and ineffective deliver ... Full text Link to item Cite

64Cu-MM-302 Positron Emission Tomography Quantifies Variability of Enhanced Permeability and Retention of Nanoparticles in Relation to Treatment Response in Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer.

Journal Article Clin Cancer Res · August 1, 2017 Purpose: Therapeutic nanoparticles are designed to deliver their drug payloads through enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) in solid tumors. The extent of EPR and its variability in human tumors is highly debated and has been proposed as an explanatio ... Full text Link to item Cite

Liposomal 64Cu-PET Imaging of Anti-VEGF Drug Effects on Liposomal Delivery to Colon Cancer Xenografts.

Journal Article Theranostics · 2017 Liposomes (LP) deliver drug to tumors due to enhanced permeability and retention (EPR). LP were labeled with 64Cu for positron emission tomography (PET) to image tumor localization. Bevacizumab (bev), a VEGF targeted antibody, may modify LP delivery by alt ... Full text Link to item Cite