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Flame Retardant Applications in Camping Tents and Potential Exposure.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Keller, AS; Raju, NP; Webster, TF; Stapleton, HM
Published in: Environmental science & technology letters
February 2014

Concern has mounted over health effects caused by exposure to flame retardant additives used in consumer products. Significant research efforts have focused particularly on exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) used in furniture and electronic applications. However, little attention has focused on applications in textiles, particularly textiles meeting a flammability standard known as CPAI-84. In this study, we investigated flame retardant applications in camping tents that met CPAI-84 standards by analyzing 11 samples of tent fabrics for chemical flame retardant additives. Furthermore, we investigated potential exposure by collecting paired samples of tent wipes and hand wipes from 27 individuals after tent setup. Of the 11 fabric samples analyzed, 10 contained flame retardant additives, which included tris(1,3-dichloroisopropyl) phosphate (TDCPP), decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209), triphenyl phosphate, and tetrabromobisphenol-A. Flame retardant concentrations were discovered to be as high as 37.5 mg/g (3.8% by weight) in the tent fabric samples, and TDCPP and BDE-209 were the most frequently detected in these samples. We also observed a significant association between TDCPP levels in tent wipes and those in paired hand wipes, suggesting that human contact with the tent fabric material leads to the transfer of the flame retardant to the skin surface and human exposure. These results suggest that direct contact with flame retardant-treated textiles may be a source of exposure. Future studies will be needed to better characterize exposure, including via inhalation and dermal sorption from air.

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Published In

Environmental science & technology letters

DOI

EISSN

2328-8930

ISSN

2328-8930

Publication Date

February 2014

Volume

1

Issue

2

Start / End Page

152 / 155

Related Subject Headings

  • 4105 Pollution and contamination
  • 4004 Chemical engineering
  • 1002 Environmental Biotechnology
  • 0907 Environmental Engineering
  • 0502 Environmental Science and Management
 

Citation

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Keller, A. S., Raju, N. P., Webster, T. F., & Stapleton, H. M. (2014). Flame Retardant Applications in Camping Tents and Potential Exposure. Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 1(2), 152–155. https://doi.org/10.1021/ez400185y
Keller, Alexander S., Nikhilesh P. Raju, Thomas F. Webster, and Heather M. Stapleton. “Flame Retardant Applications in Camping Tents and Potential Exposure.Environmental Science & Technology Letters 1, no. 2 (February 2014): 152–55. https://doi.org/10.1021/ez400185y.
Keller AS, Raju NP, Webster TF, Stapleton HM. Flame Retardant Applications in Camping Tents and Potential Exposure. Environmental science & technology letters. 2014 Feb;1(2):152–5.
Keller, Alexander S., et al. “Flame Retardant Applications in Camping Tents and Potential Exposure.Environmental Science & Technology Letters, vol. 1, no. 2, Feb. 2014, pp. 152–55. Epmc, doi:10.1021/ez400185y.
Keller AS, Raju NP, Webster TF, Stapleton HM. Flame Retardant Applications in Camping Tents and Potential Exposure. Environmental science & technology letters. 2014 Feb;1(2):152–155.
Journal cover image

Published In

Environmental science & technology letters

DOI

EISSN

2328-8930

ISSN

2328-8930

Publication Date

February 2014

Volume

1

Issue

2

Start / End Page

152 / 155

Related Subject Headings

  • 4105 Pollution and contamination
  • 4004 Chemical engineering
  • 1002 Environmental Biotechnology
  • 0907 Environmental Engineering
  • 0502 Environmental Science and Management