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Anxiolytic effects of smoking associated with four stressors.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Jarvik, ME; Caskey, NH; Rose, JE; Herskovic, JE; Sadeghpour, M
Published in: Addict Behav
1989

There is a widespread belief that cigarette smoking alleviates stress. The literature reveals conflicting results on the anxiolytic effects of smoking. This study was designed to replicate a report that smoking (a) reduced subjective anxiety induced by stressful anagrams and (b) increased pain threshold for a cold pain task. This study (N = 15) included two other stressors: white noise and an auditory vigilance task. A significant Time x Condition (smoking vs. deprived) interaction was found for Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory scores in the anagram task. A borderline significant interaction effect was found for the cold pain task. No significant effects were found with the two other tasks. These results provide partial support for the popular notion that smoking mitigates stress-induced anxiety. No difference was found between the smoking and deprived conditions for either pain threshold or pain endurance.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Addict Behav

DOI

ISSN

0306-4603

Publication Date

1989

Volume

14

Issue

4

Start / End Page

379 / 386

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Substance Abuse
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Smoking
  • Sensory Thresholds
  • Problem Solving
  • Pain Measurement
  • Male
  • Female
  • Attention
  • Arousal
 

Citation

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Jarvik, M. E., Caskey, N. H., Rose, J. E., Herskovic, J. E., & Sadeghpour, M. (1989). Anxiolytic effects of smoking associated with four stressors. Addict Behav, 14(4), 379–386. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4603(89)90025-7
Jarvik, M. E., N. H. Caskey, J. E. Rose, J. E. Herskovic, and M. Sadeghpour. “Anxiolytic effects of smoking associated with four stressors.Addict Behav 14, no. 4 (1989): 379–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4603(89)90025-7.
Jarvik ME, Caskey NH, Rose JE, Herskovic JE, Sadeghpour M. Anxiolytic effects of smoking associated with four stressors. Addict Behav. 1989;14(4):379–86.
Jarvik, M. E., et al. “Anxiolytic effects of smoking associated with four stressors.Addict Behav, vol. 14, no. 4, 1989, pp. 379–86. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/0306-4603(89)90025-7.
Jarvik ME, Caskey NH, Rose JE, Herskovic JE, Sadeghpour M. Anxiolytic effects of smoking associated with four stressors. Addict Behav. 1989;14(4):379–386.
Journal cover image

Published In

Addict Behav

DOI

ISSN

0306-4603

Publication Date

1989

Volume

14

Issue

4

Start / End Page

379 / 386

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Substance Abuse
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Smoking
  • Sensory Thresholds
  • Problem Solving
  • Pain Measurement
  • Male
  • Female
  • Attention
  • Arousal