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Brief screening tests for the diagnosis of dementia: comparison with the mini-mental state exam.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Kilada, S; Gamaldo, A; Grant, EA; Moghekar, A; Morris, JC; O'Brien, RJ
Published in: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord
2005

Dementia is a common and under-diagnosed problem among the elderly. An accurate screening test would greatly aid the ability of physicians to evaluate dementia and memory problems in clinical practice. We sought to determine whether simple and brief psychometric tests perform similarly to the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in screening for dementia. Using a retrospective analysis, a series of standard, brief, psychometric tests were compared with each other and to the MMSE as screening tests for very mild dementia, using DSM-III-R criterion as the gold standard. Two independent cohorts from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging and the Washington University Alzheimer's Disease Research Center were evaluated. We found that two brief and simple-to-administer tests appear to offer similar degrees of sensitivity and specificity to the MMSE. These are the recall of a five-item name and address, "John Brown 42 Market Street Chicago" and the one-minute verbal fluency for animals. Combining these two tests further improves sensitivity and specificity, surpassing the MMSE, to detect dementia in individuals with memory complaints.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord

DOI

ISSN

0893-0341

Publication Date

2005

Volume

19

Issue

1

Start / End Page

8 / 16

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Reference Values
  • Psychometrics
  • Prospective Studies
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Mental Status Schedule
  • Memory Disorders
  • Mass Screening
  • Male
  • Longitudinal Studies
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Kilada, S., Gamaldo, A., Grant, E. A., Moghekar, A., Morris, J. C., & O’Brien, R. J. (2005). Brief screening tests for the diagnosis of dementia: comparison with the mini-mental state exam. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord, 19(1), 8–16. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.wad.0000155381.01350.bf
Kilada, Sandy, Alyssa Gamaldo, Elizabeth A. Grant, Abhay Moghekar, John C. Morris, and Richard J. O’Brien. “Brief screening tests for the diagnosis of dementia: comparison with the mini-mental state exam.Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 19, no. 1 (2005): 8–16. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.wad.0000155381.01350.bf.
Kilada S, Gamaldo A, Grant EA, Moghekar A, Morris JC, O’Brien RJ. Brief screening tests for the diagnosis of dementia: comparison with the mini-mental state exam. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2005;19(1):8–16.
Kilada, Sandy, et al. “Brief screening tests for the diagnosis of dementia: comparison with the mini-mental state exam.Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord, vol. 19, no. 1, 2005, pp. 8–16. Pubmed, doi:10.1097/01.wad.0000155381.01350.bf.
Kilada S, Gamaldo A, Grant EA, Moghekar A, Morris JC, O’Brien RJ. Brief screening tests for the diagnosis of dementia: comparison with the mini-mental state exam. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2005;19(1):8–16.

Published In

Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord

DOI

ISSN

0893-0341

Publication Date

2005

Volume

19

Issue

1

Start / End Page

8 / 16

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Reference Values
  • Psychometrics
  • Prospective Studies
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Mental Status Schedule
  • Memory Disorders
  • Mass Screening
  • Male
  • Longitudinal Studies