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Close relationships and self-regulation: How relationship satisfaction facilitates momentary goal pursuit.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Hofmann, W; Finkel, EJ; Fitzsimons, GM
Published in: Journal of personality and social psychology
September 2015

In the new millennium, scholars have built a robust intersection between close-relationships research and self-regulation research. However, virtually no work has investigated how the most basic and broad indicator of relationship quality, relationship satisfaction, affects self-regulation and vice versa. In the present research, we show that higher relationship satisfaction promotes a motivational mind-set that is conducive for effective self-regulation, and thus for goal progress and performance. In Study 1-a large-scale, intensive experience sampling project of 115 couples (total N = 230)-we closely tracked fluctuations in state relationship satisfaction (SRS) and 4 parameters of effective self-regulation according to our conceptual model. Dyadic process analyses showed that individuals experiencing higher SRS than they typically do exhibited higher levels of (a) perceived control, (b) goal focus, (c) perceived partner support, and (d) positive affect during goal pursuit than they typically exhibit. Together, these 4 self-regulation-relevant variables translated into higher rates of daily progress on specific, idiographic goals. In Study 2 (N = 195), we employed a novel experimental manipulation of SRS, replicating the link between SRS and parameters of effective self-regulation. Taken together, these findings suggest that momentary increases in relationship satisfaction may benefit everyday goal pursuit through a combination of cognitive and affective mechanisms, thus further integrating relationship research with social-cognitive research on goal pursuit.

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Published In

Journal of personality and social psychology

DOI

EISSN

1939-1315

ISSN

0022-3514

Publication Date

September 2015

Volume

109

Issue

3

Start / End Page

434 / 452

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Spouses
  • Social Psychology
  • Sexual Partners
  • Self-Control
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Male
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Humans
  • Goals
 

Citation

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Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Hofmann, W., Finkel, E. J., & Fitzsimons, G. M. (2015). Close relationships and self-regulation: How relationship satisfaction facilitates momentary goal pursuit. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109(3), 434–452. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000020
Hofmann, Wilhelm, Eli J. Finkel, and Gráinne M. Fitzsimons. “Close relationships and self-regulation: How relationship satisfaction facilitates momentary goal pursuit.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 109, no. 3 (September 2015): 434–52. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000020.
Hofmann W, Finkel EJ, Fitzsimons GM. Close relationships and self-regulation: How relationship satisfaction facilitates momentary goal pursuit. Journal of personality and social psychology. 2015 Sep;109(3):434–52.
Hofmann, Wilhelm, et al. “Close relationships and self-regulation: How relationship satisfaction facilitates momentary goal pursuit.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 109, no. 3, Sept. 2015, pp. 434–52. Epmc, doi:10.1037/pspi0000020.
Hofmann W, Finkel EJ, Fitzsimons GM. Close relationships and self-regulation: How relationship satisfaction facilitates momentary goal pursuit. Journal of personality and social psychology. 2015 Sep;109(3):434–452.

Published In

Journal of personality and social psychology

DOI

EISSN

1939-1315

ISSN

0022-3514

Publication Date

September 2015

Volume

109

Issue

3

Start / End Page

434 / 452

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Spouses
  • Social Psychology
  • Sexual Partners
  • Self-Control
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Male
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Humans
  • Goals