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Characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons emitted from various cookstoves used in China.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Tsai, SM; Zhang, JJ; Smith, KR; Ma, Y; Rasmussen, RA; Khalil, MAK
Published in: Environmental science & technology
July 2003

Emission contributions from cookstoves to indoor, regional, and global air pollution largely depend on stove and fuel types. This paper presents a database on emission factors of speciated non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) for 16 fuel/stove combinations burning 2 types of crop residue, wood, 4 types of coal, kerosene, and 3 types of gaseous fuels. The emission factors are presented both on a fuel mass basis (compound mass per fuel mass) and on a cooking task basis (compound mass per unit energy delivered to the pot). These fuel/stove combinations cover a large spectrum of the cookstoves used in both urban and rural households in China. Up to 54 hydrocarbons were identified, some of which are reactive precursors of photochemical smog. Based on published maximum incremental reactivity (MIR) values for NMHCs, we estimated stove-specific and fuel-specific ozone forming potentials (OFPs). The results indicate that raw coal powder, wood, and crop residues have higher OFP values than the other types of fuels tested. Strikingly, burning the coal briquette and honeycomb coal briquette produced OFP values more than 2 orders of magnitude lower than burning unprocessed (raw) coal, even in the same vented metal stove, for every 1 MJ delivered to the pot.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Environmental science & technology

DOI

EISSN

1520-5851

ISSN

0013-936X

Publication Date

July 2003

Volume

37

Issue

13

Start / End Page

2869 / 2877

Related Subject Headings

  • Wood
  • Ozone
  • Oxidants, Photochemical
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Cooking
  • Coal
  • China
  • Air Pollution, Indoor
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Tsai, S. M., Zhang, J. J., Smith, K. R., Ma, Y., Rasmussen, R. A., & Khalil, M. A. K. (2003). Characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons emitted from various cookstoves used in China. Environmental Science & Technology, 37(13), 2869–2877. https://doi.org/10.1021/es026232a
Tsai, Stella Manchun, Junfeng Jim Zhang, Kirk R. Smith, Yuqing Ma, R. A. Rasmussen, and M. A. K. Khalil. “Characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons emitted from various cookstoves used in China.Environmental Science & Technology 37, no. 13 (July 2003): 2869–77. https://doi.org/10.1021/es026232a.
Tsai SM, Zhang JJ, Smith KR, Ma Y, Rasmussen RA, Khalil MAK. Characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons emitted from various cookstoves used in China. Environmental science & technology. 2003 Jul;37(13):2869–77.
Tsai, Stella Manchun, et al. “Characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons emitted from various cookstoves used in China.Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 37, no. 13, July 2003, pp. 2869–77. Epmc, doi:10.1021/es026232a.
Tsai SM, Zhang JJ, Smith KR, Ma Y, Rasmussen RA, Khalil MAK. Characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons emitted from various cookstoves used in China. Environmental science & technology. 2003 Jul;37(13):2869–2877.
Journal cover image

Published In

Environmental science & technology

DOI

EISSN

1520-5851

ISSN

0013-936X

Publication Date

July 2003

Volume

37

Issue

13

Start / End Page

2869 / 2877

Related Subject Headings

  • Wood
  • Ozone
  • Oxidants, Photochemical
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Cooking
  • Coal
  • China
  • Air Pollution, Indoor