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Combustion sources of particles: 2. Emission factors and measurement methods.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Zhang, JJ; Morawska, L
Published in: Chemosphere
December 2002

Emissions from the combustion of biomass and fossil fuels are a significant source of particulate matter (PM) in ambient outdoor and/or indoor air. It is important to quantify PM emissions from combustion sources for regulatory and control purposes in relation to air quality. In this paper, we review emission factors for several types of important combustion sources: road transport, industrial facilities, small household combustion devices, environmental tobacco smoke, and vegetation burning. We also review current methods for measuring particle physical characteristics (mass and number concentrations) and principles of methodologies for measuring emission factors. The emission factors can be measured on a fuel-mass basis and/or a task basis. Fuel-mass based emission factors (e.g., g/kg of fuel) can be readily used for the development of emission inventories when the amount of fuels consumed are known. Task-based emission factors (g/mile driven, g/MJ generated) are more appropriate when used to conduct comparisons of air pollution potentials of different combustion devices. Finally, we discuss major shortcomings and limitations of current methods for measuring particle emissions and present recommendations for development of future measurement techniques.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Chemosphere

DOI

EISSN

1879-1298

ISSN

0045-6535

Publication Date

December 2002

Volume

49

Issue

9

Start / End Page

1059 / 1074

Related Subject Headings

  • Reference Values
  • Particle Size
  • Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
  • Incineration
  • Humans
  • Fossil Fuels
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Biomass
  • Bioelectric Energy Sources
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Zhang, J. J., & Morawska, L. (2002). Combustion sources of particles: 2. Emission factors and measurement methods. Chemosphere, 49(9), 1059–1074. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0045-6535(02)00240-0
Zhang, Junfeng Jim, and Lidia Morawska. “Combustion sources of particles: 2. Emission factors and measurement methods.Chemosphere 49, no. 9 (December 2002): 1059–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0045-6535(02)00240-0.
Zhang JJ, Morawska L. Combustion sources of particles: 2. Emission factors and measurement methods. Chemosphere. 2002 Dec;49(9):1059–74.
Zhang, Junfeng Jim, and Lidia Morawska. “Combustion sources of particles: 2. Emission factors and measurement methods.Chemosphere, vol. 49, no. 9, Dec. 2002, pp. 1059–74. Epmc, doi:10.1016/s0045-6535(02)00240-0.
Zhang JJ, Morawska L. Combustion sources of particles: 2. Emission factors and measurement methods. Chemosphere. 2002 Dec;49(9):1059–1074.
Journal cover image

Published In

Chemosphere

DOI

EISSN

1879-1298

ISSN

0045-6535

Publication Date

December 2002

Volume

49

Issue

9

Start / End Page

1059 / 1074

Related Subject Headings

  • Reference Values
  • Particle Size
  • Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
  • Incineration
  • Humans
  • Fossil Fuels
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Biomass
  • Bioelectric Energy Sources