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Hydrocarbon emissions and health risks from cookstoves in developing countries.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Zhang, J; Smith, KR
Published in: Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology
April 1996

The nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions from several types of cookstoves commonly used in developing countries were measured in a pilot study conducted in Manila, the Philippines. Four types of fuel, i.e., wood, charcoal, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), were tested. Because kerosene was burned in three different types of stoves, there were six fuel/stove combinations tested. Fifty-nine nonmethane hydrocarbons were identified frequently in emissions of these cookstoves, with emission ratios to CO2 up to 5.3 x 10(-3). The emissions were quantitated with emission factors on both a mass basis (emissions/kg fuel) and a task basis (emissions/cooking task). On a task basis, combustion of biomass fuels (wood and charcoal) generally produced higher emission factors than combustion of fossil fuels (kerosene and LPG). One type of kerosene stove (wick stove), however, still generated the greatest emissions of some individual and classes of hydrocarbons, indicating that emissions were dependent on not only fuel types but also combustion devices. Some hydrocarbons, e.g., benzene, 1,3-butadiene, styrene, and xylenes, were of concern because of their carcinogenic properties. The lifetime risk from exposures to these compounds emitted from cookstoves was tentatively estimated by using a simple exposure model and published cancer potencies.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology

EISSN

1476-5519

ISSN

1053-4245

Publication Date

April 1996

Volume

6

Issue

2

Start / End Page

147 / 161

Related Subject Headings

  • Wood
  • Sampling Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Pilot Projects
  • Philippines
  • Petroleum
  • Neoplasms
  • Models, Chemical
  • Kerosene
  • Hydrocarbons
 

Citation

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ICMJE
MLA
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Zhang, J., & Smith, K. R. (1996). Hydrocarbon emissions and health risks from cookstoves in developing countries. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, 6(2), 147–161.
Zhang, J., and K. R. Smith. “Hydrocarbon emissions and health risks from cookstoves in developing countries.Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 6, no. 2 (April 1996): 147–61.
Zhang J, Smith KR. Hydrocarbon emissions and health risks from cookstoves in developing countries. Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology. 1996 Apr;6(2):147–61.
Zhang, J., and K. R. Smith. “Hydrocarbon emissions and health risks from cookstoves in developing countries.Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, vol. 6, no. 2, Apr. 1996, pp. 147–61.
Zhang J, Smith KR. Hydrocarbon emissions and health risks from cookstoves in developing countries. Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology. 1996 Apr;6(2):147–161.

Published In

Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology

EISSN

1476-5519

ISSN

1053-4245

Publication Date

April 1996

Volume

6

Issue

2

Start / End Page

147 / 161

Related Subject Headings

  • Wood
  • Sampling Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Pilot Projects
  • Philippines
  • Petroleum
  • Neoplasms
  • Models, Chemical
  • Kerosene
  • Hydrocarbons