Abstract P6-05-03: Genomic diversity of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) as a driver of invasion and metastasis
King, LM; Marks, JR; Hall, AH; Temko, D; Graham, TA; Mardis, ER; Maley, CC; Hwang, E
Published in: Cancer Research
Background: Recent evidence indicates that breast cancers may have high levels of heterogeneity. Based on principles of tumor evolution, we are investigating whether DCIS with higher levels of intra-tumoral genetic heterogeneity are more likely to progress to invasive and/or metastatic disease.Methods: Cases (DCIS with co-existing invasive or metastatic cancer) and controls (pure DCIS) are identified from Duke Pathology archives. From cases and controls, we are analyzing two areas of DCIS separated by >1cm with germ line DNA from the same subject to measure allele frequencies of somatic mutations and copy number variation (CNV). Small amounts of FFPE derived DNA are made into NGS libraries for full exome sequencing and hybridization to a 4.2 million element SNP array. Comparison of allele frequencies and CNV is made between specimens from the same cancer to assess heterogeneity.Results: We identified a series of pure DCIS (controls for this study) and generated high coverage sequencing data from 20ng of FFPE DNA from 12 samples (4 subjects, germline + 2 DCIS containing areas from each subject) as proof of principle. We compared the occurrence of deletions, insertions and SNP's after a 20X coverage filtration. From these data, we identified between 50 to greater than 600 sequence changes in these DCIS compared to normal DNA. Present/absent calls and allele frequencies indicate both significant and variable degrees of heterogeneity even in these pure DCIS samples. Additional data is now being gathered and analyzed based on this established technical approach.Conclusion: We have demonstrated the feasibility of acquiring high quality NGS data from archival DCIS specimens allowing us to test the hypothesis that genetic heterogeneity is a driving force in breast cancer progression. The degree and nature of this heterogeneity will be assessed in a panel of pure DCIS and DCIS co-existing with invasive and/or metastatic cancer. We are now generating and analyzing these data for Symposium presentation.Citation Format: King LM, Marks JR, Hall AH, Temko D, Graham TA, Mardis ER, Maley CC, Hwang E. Genomic diversity of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) as a driver of invasion and metastasis. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Thirty-Eighth Annual CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium: 2015 Dec 8-12; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2016;76(4 Suppl):Abstract nr P6-05-03.