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Childhood Bullying Victimization and Overweight in Young Adulthood: A Cohort Study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Baldwin, JR; Arseneault, L; Odgers, C; Belsky, DW; Matthews, T; Ambler, A; Caspi, A; Moffitt, TE; Danese, A
Published in: Psychosomatic medicine
November 2016

To test whether bullied children have an elevated risk of being overweight in young adulthood and whether this association is: (1) consistent with a dose-response relationship, namely, its strength increases with the chronicity of victimization; (2) consistent across different measures of overweight; (3) specific to bullying and not explained by co-occurring maltreatment; (4) independent of key potential confounders; and (5) consistent with the temporal sequence of bullying preceding overweight.A representative birth cohort of 2,232 children was followed to age 18 years as part of the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study. Childhood bullying victimization was reported by mothers and children during primary school and early secondary school. At the age-18 follow-up, we assessed a categorical measure of overweight, body mass index, and waist-hip ratio. Indicators of overweight were also collected at ages 10 and 12. Co-twin body mass and birth weight were used to index genetic and fetal liability to overweight, respectively.Bullied children were more likely to be overweight than non-bullied children at age 18, and this association was (1) strongest in chronically bullied children (odds ratio = 1.69; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.21-2.35); (2) consistent across measures of overweight (body mass index: b = 1.12; 95% CI = 0.37-1.87; waist-hip ratio: b = 1.76; 95% CI = 0.84-2.69); (3) specific to bullying and not explained by co-occurring maltreatment; (4) independent of child socioeconomic status, food insecurity, mental health, and cognition, and pubertal development; and (5) not present at the time of bullying victimization, and independent of childhood weight and genetic and fetal liability.Childhood bullying victimization predicts overweight in young adulthood.

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Published In

Psychosomatic medicine

DOI

EISSN

1534-7796

ISSN

0033-3174

Publication Date

November 2016

Volume

78

Issue

9

Start / End Page

1094 / 1103

Related Subject Headings

  • Psychiatry
  • Overweight
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Female
  • Crime Victims
  • Child Abuse
  • Child
  • Bullying
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Baldwin, J. R., Arseneault, L., Odgers, C., Belsky, D. W., Matthews, T., Ambler, A., … Danese, A. (2016). Childhood Bullying Victimization and Overweight in Young Adulthood: A Cohort Study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 78(9), 1094–1103. https://doi.org/10.1097/psy.0000000000000388
Baldwin, Jessie R., Louise Arseneault, Candice Odgers, Daniel W. Belsky, Timothy Matthews, Antony Ambler, Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E. Moffitt, and Andrea Danese. “Childhood Bullying Victimization and Overweight in Young Adulthood: A Cohort Study.Psychosomatic Medicine 78, no. 9 (November 2016): 1094–1103. https://doi.org/10.1097/psy.0000000000000388.
Baldwin JR, Arseneault L, Odgers C, Belsky DW, Matthews T, Ambler A, et al. Childhood Bullying Victimization and Overweight in Young Adulthood: A Cohort Study. Psychosomatic medicine. 2016 Nov;78(9):1094–103.
Baldwin, Jessie R., et al. “Childhood Bullying Victimization and Overweight in Young Adulthood: A Cohort Study.Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 78, no. 9, Nov. 2016, pp. 1094–103. Epmc, doi:10.1097/psy.0000000000000388.
Baldwin JR, Arseneault L, Odgers C, Belsky DW, Matthews T, Ambler A, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Danese A. Childhood Bullying Victimization and Overweight in Young Adulthood: A Cohort Study. Psychosomatic medicine. 2016 Nov;78(9):1094–1103.

Published In

Psychosomatic medicine

DOI

EISSN

1534-7796

ISSN

0033-3174

Publication Date

November 2016

Volume

78

Issue

9

Start / End Page

1094 / 1103

Related Subject Headings

  • Psychiatry
  • Overweight
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Female
  • Crime Victims
  • Child Abuse
  • Child
  • Bullying