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Emotional intensity in episodic autobiographical memory and counterfactual thinking.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Stanley, ML; Parikh, N; Stewart, GW; De Brigard, F
Published in: Consciousness and cognition
February 2017

Episodic counterfactual thoughts-imagined alternative ways in which personal past events might have occurred-are frequently accompanied by intense emotions. Here, participants recollected positive and negative autobiographical memories and then generated better and worse episodic counterfactual events from those memories. Our results suggest that the projected emotional intensity during the simulated remembered/imagined event is significantly higher than but typically positively related to the emotional intensity while remembering/imagining the event. Furthermore, repeatedly simulating counterfactual events heightened the emotional intensity felt while simulating the counterfactual event. Finally, for both the emotional intensity accompanying the experience of remembering/imagining and the projected emotional intensity during the simulated remembered/imagined event, the emotional intensity of negative memories was greater than the emotional intensity of upward counterfactuals generated from them but lower than the emotional intensity of downward counterfactuals generated from them. These findings are discussed in relation to clinical work and functional theories of counterfactual thinking.

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Published In

Consciousness and cognition

DOI

EISSN

1090-2376

ISSN

1053-8100

Publication Date

February 2017

Volume

48

Start / End Page

283 / 291

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Thinking
  • Mental Recall
  • Memory, Episodic
  • Male
  • Imagination
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Emotions
 

Citation

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Stanley, M. L., Parikh, N., Stewart, G. W., & De Brigard, F. (2017). Emotional intensity in episodic autobiographical memory and counterfactual thinking. Consciousness and Cognition, 48, 283–291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2016.12.013
Stanley, Matthew L., Natasha Parikh, Gregory W. Stewart, and Felipe De Brigard. “Emotional intensity in episodic autobiographical memory and counterfactual thinking.Consciousness and Cognition 48 (February 2017): 283–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2016.12.013.
Stanley ML, Parikh N, Stewart GW, De Brigard F. Emotional intensity in episodic autobiographical memory and counterfactual thinking. Consciousness and cognition. 2017 Feb;48:283–91.
Stanley, Matthew L., et al. “Emotional intensity in episodic autobiographical memory and counterfactual thinking.Consciousness and Cognition, vol. 48, Feb. 2017, pp. 283–91. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.concog.2016.12.013.
Stanley ML, Parikh N, Stewart GW, De Brigard F. Emotional intensity in episodic autobiographical memory and counterfactual thinking. Consciousness and cognition. 2017 Feb;48:283–291.
Journal cover image

Published In

Consciousness and cognition

DOI

EISSN

1090-2376

ISSN

1053-8100

Publication Date

February 2017

Volume

48

Start / End Page

283 / 291

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Thinking
  • Mental Recall
  • Memory, Episodic
  • Male
  • Imagination
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Emotions