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Competing cues: Older adults rely on knowledge in the face of fluency.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Brashier, NM; Umanath, S; Cabeza, R; Marsh, EJ
Published in: Psychology and aging
June 2017

Consumers regularly encounter repeated false claims in political and marketing campaigns, but very little empirical work addresses their impact among older adults. Repeated statements feel easier to process, and thus more truthful, than new ones (i.e., illusory truth). When judging truth, older adults' accumulated general knowledge may offset this perception of fluency. In two experiments, participants read statements that contradicted information stored in memory; a post-experimental knowledge check confirmed what individual participants knew. Unlike young adults, older adults exhibited illusory truth only when they lacked knowledge about claims. This interaction between knowledge and fluency extends dual-process theories of aging. (PsycINFO Database Record

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Published In

Psychology and aging

DOI

EISSN

1939-1498

ISSN

0882-7974

Publication Date

June 2017

Volume

32

Issue

4

Start / End Page

331 / 337

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Social Behavior
  • Reading
  • Perception
  • Memory
  • Male
  • Knowledge
  • Judgment
  • Illusions
  • Humans
 

Citation

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Brashier, N. M., Umanath, S., Cabeza, R., & Marsh, E. J. (2017). Competing cues: Older adults rely on knowledge in the face of fluency. Psychology and Aging, 32(4), 331–337. https://doi.org/10.1037/pag0000156
Brashier, Nadia M., Sharda Umanath, Roberto Cabeza, and Elizabeth J. Marsh. “Competing cues: Older adults rely on knowledge in the face of fluency.Psychology and Aging 32, no. 4 (June 2017): 331–37. https://doi.org/10.1037/pag0000156.
Brashier NM, Umanath S, Cabeza R, Marsh EJ. Competing cues: Older adults rely on knowledge in the face of fluency. Psychology and aging. 2017 Jun;32(4):331–7.
Brashier, Nadia M., et al. “Competing cues: Older adults rely on knowledge in the face of fluency.Psychology and Aging, vol. 32, no. 4, June 2017, pp. 331–37. Epmc, doi:10.1037/pag0000156.
Brashier NM, Umanath S, Cabeza R, Marsh EJ. Competing cues: Older adults rely on knowledge in the face of fluency. Psychology and aging. 2017 Jun;32(4):331–337.

Published In

Psychology and aging

DOI

EISSN

1939-1498

ISSN

0882-7974

Publication Date

June 2017

Volume

32

Issue

4

Start / End Page

331 / 337

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Social Behavior
  • Reading
  • Perception
  • Memory
  • Male
  • Knowledge
  • Judgment
  • Illusions
  • Humans